Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 20

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 20

Ephesians 1:1-14

Through My Bible – July 20

Ephesians 1:1-14 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Ephesians 1


1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God,

To the saints who are in Ephesus, who are believers in Christ Jesus:

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Spiritual Blessings in Christ

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places.

He did this when he chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world, so that we would be holy and blameless in his sight. In love he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ. He did this in accordance with the good purpose of his will, and for the praise of his glorious grace, which he has graciously given us in the one he loves.

In him we also have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in keeping with the riches of his grace, which he lavished on us in all wisdom and insight. He made known to us the mystery of his will in keeping with his good purpose, which he planned in Christ. 10 This was to be carried out when the time had fully come, in order to bring all things together in Christ, things in heaven and things on earth.

11 In him we have also obtained an inheritance, because we were predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in keeping with the purpose of his will. 12 He did this so that his glory would be praised as a result of us, who were the first to hope in Christ.

13 In him, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and in him, when you also believed, you were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit. 14 He is the down payment of our inheritance until the redemption of God’s own possession, so that his glory would be praised.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 19

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 19

1 Samuel 31

Through My Bible – July 19

1 Samuel 31 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Death of Saul and Jonathan

1 In the meantime, the Philistines were fighting against Israel, and the men of Israel fled from the Philistines and fell mortally wounded at Mount Gilboa. The Philistines were closing in on Saul and his sons. They struck down Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malkishua, the sons of Saul. The attack directed at Saul was fierce. The archers targeted him and hit him, and he was seriously wounded.

Then Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword and run me through with it, so that these uncircumcised fellows cannot come and run me through and abuse me!”

But his armor bearer would not do it, because he was too afraid. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it. When his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword and died with him. So Saul died together with his three sons, his armor bearer, and all his men, all on that same day.

When the men of Israel from the other side of the valley and those from beyond the Jordan saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned their cities and fled. Then the Philistines came and lived in those cities.

On the next day, when the Philistines came to strip those who had been killed in the battle, they found Saul and his three sons fallen at Mount Gilboa. They cut off his head, stripped off his armor, and sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to carry the good news to the temple of their idols and to the people. 10 They put his armor and weapons in the temple of the Ashtartes, [1] and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan.

11 When the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 all the strong, courageous men set out, traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons down from the wall of Beth Shan. They returned to Jabesh and burned them there. 13 They took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh and fasted seven days.


  1. 1 Samuel 31:10 Asherah was the principal female idol during the time of the Old Testament. The name is sometimes plural because Asherah was worshipped in many different forms. Ashtarte is sometimes substituted for Asherah. Although Asherah and Ashtarte may originally have been different goddesses, they seem to have been blended together with the passage of time.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 18

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 18

1 Samuel 29 – 30

Through My Bible – July 18

1 Samuel 29 – 30 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

David Is Dismissed by the Philistines

1 Samuel 29

The Philistines gathered all their armies together at Aphek, and the Israelites camped beside the spring at Jezre’el. As the serens [1] of the Philistines were marching past with their units of a hundred and units of a thousand, David and his men were marching in the rear of the column with Achish.

The officers of the Philistines said, “What are these Hebrews doing here?”

Achish said to the officers of the Philistines, “Isn’t this David, the servant of Saul, king of Israel, who has been with me for some time now? [2] I have found no fault in him from the day he defected, right up to today.”

But the officers of the Philistines were angry with him, and the officers of the Philistines said, “Make this man return to the place that you have assigned to him. He must not go down to battle with us, or else he might become an adversary against us during the battle. What better way for this man to reconcile himself to his master than with the heads of these men of ours? Isn’t this David, about whom they sang to one another as they danced, ‘Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?’”

Then Achish called David and said to him, “As the Lord lives, you have been straightforward with me. As far as I am concerned, [3] it would be good to have you accompany me [4] on this campaign, because I have not found anything wrong with you from the day you came to me right up to this day. Nevertheless, in the opinion of the serens you are a liability. So now return. Go in peace, so that you do not displease the serens of the Philistines.”

David said to Achish, “But what have I done? What have you found in your servant from the day I came into your presence until this day that would disqualify me from going and fighting against the enemies of my lord the king?”

Achish answered David, “I know that, as far as I am concerned, you are as good as an angel of God. Nevertheless, the officers of the Philistines have said, ‘He must not go up to the battle with us.’ 10 So get up early in the morning, along with the servants of your master who have come with you. Get up early in the morning, and leave as soon as it is light.” [5]

11 So David got up early, and he and his men left early in the morning to return to the land of the Philistines, but the Philistines went up to Jezre’el.

David and the Amalekites

1 Samuel 30

David and his men arrived at Ziklag on the third day.

In the meantime the Amalekites had raided the Negev and Ziklag. They had attacked Ziklag and burned it down. They had taken the women captive, along with everyone who was there, from the least to the greatest. [6] They did not kill anyone, but they carried them off and went on their way.

So when David and his men came to the city, they saw that it had been burned and that their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken captive. Then David and the troops who were with him wept loudly, until they had no more strength to weep. David’s two wives had been taken captive, namely, Ahinoam from Jezre’el and Abigail, who had been the wife of Nabal from Carmel. David was under a great deal of pressure because his men were talking about stoning him. The spirit of every one of them was very bitter because of their sons and daughters, but David found strength in the Lord his God.

David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelek, “Bring the special vest [7] of the priest here to me.” So Abiathar brought the special vest to David. David inquired of the Lord, “Should I pursue this band of raiders? Will I overtake them?”

The Lord answered him, “Pursue! You will certainly overtake them and recover everything.”

So David set out with the six hundred men who were with him. When they came to the stream [8] called the Besor, the men who were unable to keep up stayed there. 10 David pursued with four hundred men, because two hundred stayed behind, so exhausted that they could not get across the ravine of the Besor.

11 They found an Egyptian in the open country and brought him to David. They gave him bread to eat and water to drink. 12 They also gave him a piece from a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins. When he had eaten, he was revived. (He had eaten no bread and had drunk no water for three days and three nights.) 13 David asked him, “Whose servant are you? Where are you from?”

The young man said, “I am from Egypt, a slave to an Amalekite. My master left me behind when I became sick three days ago. 14 We made a raid on the Negev of the Kerethites, and on the territory of Judah, and on the Negev of Caleb, and we burned Ziklag.”

15 David said to him, “Will you bring me down to this raiding party?”

He said, “Swear to me by God that you will not kill me or hand me over to my master, and I will bring you down to this raiding party.”

16 When he had brought David to them, there the Amalekites were, scattered all over the place! They were eating, drinking, and celebrating because of the great amount of plunder that they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah. 17 David attacked them from twilight until the evening of the next day. Not a man of them escaped from there, except four hundred young men who rode off on camels and escaped. 18 David recovered everything that the Amalekites had taken. David also rescued his two wives. 19 There was nothing missing, from the least to the greatest, neither sons nor daughters, nor any plunder, nor anything else that they had taken with them. David brought it all back. 20 David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drove ahead of the other livestock, and the men were saying, “This is David’s plunder.”

21 When David approached the two hundred men whom they had left at the Besor because they were too exhausted to follow him, they went out to meet David and the men who were with him. David came up to the men who had been left behind and wished them well, 22 but all the wicked men and worthless troublemakers among those who had accompanied David responded, “Because they did not go with us, we will not give them anything from the plunder that we have recovered, except we will give every man his wife and his children, so that he can take them and leave.”

23 Then David said, “Do not act that way, my brothers, with what the Lord has given to us. He is the one who has preserved us and delivered into our hand the raiders who came against us. 24 Who can listen to this proposal of yours? No, the same share that is given to the one who goes down to the battle will be given to the one who stays with the supplies. They shall have an equal share.” 25 So from that day forward, David made this a rule and precedent for Israel that lasts to this day.

26 When David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the plunder to the elders of Judah, who were sympathetic to him, [9] and said, “Look, here is a blessing for you from the plunder taken from the Lord’s enemies.” 27 He sent it to the elders who were in Bethel, Ramoth Negev, Jattir, 28 Aroer, Siphmoth, Eshtemoa, 29 and Rakal; to those who were in the towns of the Jerahme’elites and the towns of the Kenites; 30 to those who were in Hormah, Borashan, and Athak; 31 to those who were in Hebron and all the other places where David himself and his men had wandered.


  1. 1 Samuel 29:2 The word seren is used only of the rulers of the five Philistine city states. It may be related to the Greek word tyrant, an autocratic ruler of a city state. Seren is a title like pharaoh or czar, which is applied to one specific class of rulers. Since this is a unique title, the translation uses the transliteration seren rather than the traditional rendering lord.
  2. 1 Samuel 29:3 Literally these days or these years
  3. 1 Samuel 29:6 Hebrew in my eyes
  4. 1 Samuel 29:6 Hebrew your going out and your coming in with me
  5. 1 Samuel 29:10 The Greek Old Testament includes words that are not present in the Hebrew text. They are marked with half-brackets in the following. 10 So get up early in the morning along with the servants of your master who have come with youand go to the place I assigned to you. Don’t take this bad situation to heart, because in my opinion you are good.⎦ Get up early in the morning, and leave as soon as it is light.
  6. 1 Samuel 30:2 Or the youngest to the oldest
  7. 1 Samuel 30:7 Hebrew ephod. The pouch on this special vest contained the Urim and Thummin, which were used to get answers from God.
  8. 1 Samuel 30:9 The Hebrew term nahal refers to a stream bed or a ravine (or even a canyon) that has water in it only part of the year.
  9. 1 Samuel 30:26 The Hebrew word covers the whole range of friends, lovers, neighbors, associates, and fellow citizens. At this point these people were probably sympathizers and potential supporters.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 17

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 17

1 Samuel 27 – 28

Through My Bible – July 17

1 Samuel 27 – 28 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

David Returns to the Philistines

1 Samuel 27

David said to himself, “Any day now I will be swept away by the hand of Saul. The best plan for me is to escape immediately to the land of the Philistines. Then Saul will give up searching for me within the borders of Israel, and I will escape out of his hand.”

So David set out with the six hundred men who were with him and crossed over to Achish son of Maok, king of Gath. David stayed with Achish at Gath—he and his men, each man with his family, including David with his two wives, Ahinoam from Jezre’el and Abigail from Carmel, who had been Nabal’s wife. Saul was told that David had fled to Gath, so he did not continue searching for him anymore.

David said to Achish, “If I have now found favor in your eyes, assign me a place to live in one of the towns in the countryside. Why should your servant live in the royal city with you?”

So that day Achish gave him Ziklag. That is why Ziklag belongs to the kings of Judah to this day. The length of time that David spent in the territory of the Philistines was a year and four months.

David and his men would go out and raid the Geshurites, the Girzites, [1] and the Amalekites—peoples who had been living in the land for a very long time. Their territory extended from the beginning of Shur all the way to the land of Egypt. Whenever David attacked a land, he did not leave even one man or woman alive. He would carry off the sheep, the cattle, the donkeys, the camels, and the clothing. Then he would return and come back to Achish.

10 Achish would ask, “Where have you carried out a raid today?”

David would answer, “Against the Negev [2] of Judah,” or “Against the Negev of the Jerahme’elites,” or “Against the Negev of the Kenites.” 11 David would not keep even one man or woman alive to bring them to Gath. He said, “If I do, they would inform on us. They would say, ‘This is what David did, and this is what he has been doing the entire time he has been living in the territory of the Philistines.’”

12 Achish trusted David, and he said, “He has made himself a real stench to his people Israel, so he will remain my servant forever.”

The Philistines Go to Fight Saul

1 Samuel 28

In those days, the Philistines brought together their armies to prepare for war against Israel. Achish said to David, “You certainly understand that you must go along with me in the army, you and your men.”

David said to Achish, “When I do, you will know what your servant can do.”

Achish said to David, “When you do, I will make you my bodyguard permanently.”

Saul and the Witch of Endor

At this time, Samuel was dead, and all Israel had mourned for him and buried him in Ramah, which was his hometown.

Saul had banished the mediums and spiritists [3] from the land.

The Philistines joined forces and set up camp at Shunem. Saul brought all Israel together, and they set up camp at Gilboa. When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was terrified and trembled with fear. Saul inquired of the Lord, but the Lord did not answer him through dreams, or through Urim, or through prophets. Then Saul said to his attendants, “Find a woman who consults the spirits of the dead for me, so that I can go to her and inquire of her.”

His servants said to him, “As a matter of fact, there is a woman at Endor who consults the spirits of the dead.”

So Saul disguised himself and put on different clothing. Then he went with two men, and they visited the woman at night. He said, “Please consult a spirit for me. Bring up for me the person I name to you.”

The woman said to him, “Look, you must know what Saul has done. He has cut off mediums and spiritists from the land. Why then are you setting a death trap for me, to make me die?”

10 Saul swore to her by the Lord, “As the Lord lives, you will not be punished for this.”

11 Then the woman said, “Who is it that you want me to bring up for you?”

He said, “Bring up Samuel for me.”

12 When the woman saw Samuel, she screamed and said to Saul, “Why have you deceived me? You are Saul!”

13 The king said to her, “Do not be afraid! What do you see?”

The woman said to Saul, “I see a powerful spirit [4] coming up out of the earth.”

14 He said to her, “What does he look like?”

She said, “An old man is coming up. He is covered with a robe.” Saul recognized that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground to show respect.

15 Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?”

Saul answered, “I am in dire straits because the Philistines are waging war against me, and God has departed from me. He no longer answers me through prophets or through dreams. That is why I have called you, so that you can let me know what I should do.”

16 Samuel said, “Why do you ask me, since the Lord has departed from you and has become your adversary? 17 The Lord has done exactly what he told you through me. The Lord has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor David. 18 Because you did not obey the Lord’s voice and did not execute his fierce wrath on Amalek, the Lord has done this to you today. 19 What’s more, the Lord will deliver Israel into the hands of the Philistines, along with you. Tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The Lord will also deliver the army of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.”

20 Saul immediately fell full-length on the ground. Not only was he terrified because of Samuel’s words, but he also had no strength left because he had eaten no food all that day and all that night.

21 The woman came to Saul and saw that he was terrified. So she said to him, “Look, your servant has obeyed you, and I have taken my life in my hands. I have listened to the words you spoke to me. 22 Now please listen to your servant, and allow me to set some food in front of you. Eat, so that you will have strength when you go on your way.”

23 Saul refused and said, “I will not eat.” But his attendants, together with the woman, strongly urged him, and he listened to them. So he got up off the ground and sat on the bed. 24 The woman had a fattened calf at the house. She quickly butchered it. She took flour, kneaded it, and baked unleavened bread with it. 25 She set it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they got up and left during the night.


  1. 1 Samuel 27:8 Variant Gizrites
  2. 1 Samuel 27:10 The Negev is the arid region south of Judah.
  3. 1 Samuel 28:3 Mediums or spiritists claim to be intermediaries who are able to communicate with the spirits of the dead.
  4. 1 Samuel 28:13 Or a divine being or a god (Hebrew elohim)

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 16

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 16

1 Samuel 25 – 26

Through My Bible – July 16

1 Samuel 25 – 26 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Death of Samuel

1 Samuel 25

Samuel died. All Israel gathered together and mourned for him. They buried him at his house in Ramah.

David, Nabal, and Abigail

Then David set out and went down to the Wilderness of Paran.

There was a man in Maon who made his livelihood in Carmel. This man was very wealthy. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats, and he was shearing his sheep at Carmel. The man’s name was Nabal, and his wife’s name was Abigail. This woman had good judgment and was beautiful, but her husband was a harsh, unbending man, who behaved badly. He was from the family line of Caleb.

In the wilderness David heard that Nabal was shearing his sheep. So David sent ten young men and told them, “Go up to Carmel. Approach Nabal and wish him peace in my name. Tell him this: ‘Long life to you! Peace be with you! Peace be with your household! Peace be with all that you have! Now I hear that you are shearing sheep. Your shepherds have recently been with us, and we did not harm them. Nothing was missing from them the whole time they were in Carmel. Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor with you, for we have come on a good day. Please give whatever you can to your servants and to your son David.’”

So David’s men came and said all those things to Nabal in the name of David. When they had finished, 10 Nabal answered David’s servants, “Who is David? Who is the son of Jesse? There are so many servants breaking away from their masters these days. 11 Should I take my bread, my water, and my meat that I have butchered for my shearers and give it to men when I do not know where they come from?”

12 So David’s men left and went on their way. They came back and told David all these things.

13 David said to his men, “Each of you, strap on your sword!”

So every man strapped on his sword. David also strapped on his sword. About four hundred men followed David, and two hundred stayed with the supplies.

14 One of Nabal’s young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, “Listen to me. You need to know what happened. David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master, but he screamed insults at them. 15 Those men have been very good to us, and we have not been harmed, nor have we had anything missing the entire time we were in the countryside with them. 16 They were a wall around us night and day, the whole time we were among them while we were taking care of the sheep. 17 So carefully consider what you should do, for they are determined to bring disaster on our master and on his entire household, since he is such a worthless good-for-nothing that no one can talk to him.”

18 Then Abigail hurried and took two hundred loaves of bread, two containers [1] of wine, five sheep that were already prepared, a bushel [2] of roasted grain, one hundred clumps of raisins, and two hundred cakes of dried figs. She loaded these supplies on donkeys. 19 She said to her young men, “Go on ahead of me. I will follow right after you.” But she did not tell her husband, Nabal. 20 As she rode on her donkey and came down to the secluded trail [3] on the mountain, she saw that David and his men were coming down toward her, and she met them.

21 Now David had said, “It was all for nothing that I have protected everything that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missing from everything that belonged to him. But he has repaid me evil for good. 22 May God punish the enemies of David [4] severely and double it, if by the morning light I leave alive so much as one person who urinates against a wall.” [5]

23 When Abigail saw David, she hurried and got off her donkey. She bowed and fell facedown on the ground in David’s presence. 24 She fell at his feet and said, “To me, my lord—charge the guilt to me! Please let your servant speak to you. Listen to the words of your servant. 25 Please, my lord, do not pay attention to this worthless good-for-nothing Nabal, for he is exactly what his name suggests. Nabal [6] is his name, and foolishness is never far from him. But I, your servant, did not see my lord’s young men, whom you sent. 26 Now therefore, my lord, as the Lord lives, and as your soul lives, since the Lord has held you back from the guilt of bloodshed and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now let your enemies and those who seek to do evil against my lord be like Nabal. 27 Please distribute this gift that I, your servant, [7] have brought to my lord for the young men who follow my lord. 28 Please forgive your servant’s offense. For the Lord will certainly make an enduring house [8] for my lord, because my lord is fighting the Lord’s battles. May no evil be found in you all your days. 29 Though men may rise up to pursue you and to seek your life, may the life of my lord be safely wrapped up in the bundle of the living, with the Lord your God. But the lives of your enemies he will hurl away like a stone from the pocket of a sling. 30 Then, when the Lord has done for my lord all the good things that he has spoken concerning you, and he has appointed you leader over Israel, 31 you will not be burdened by grief or a guilty conscience because you, my lord, have shed blood without cause or have avenged yourself. Then, when the Lord has dealt well with you, my lord, remember your servant.”

32 David said to Abigail, “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who sent you to meet me today! 33 Your good judgment is blessed, and you are blessed, because today you have kept me from the guilt of shedding blood and from avenging myself with my own hand. 34 For truly, as the Lord, the God of Israel, lives, who has kept me from harming you, unless you had come quickly to meet me, certainly by the morning light there would not have been left for Nabal so much as one person who urinates against a wall.” [9]

35 So David received from her hand what she had brought for him. Then he said to her, “Go up to your house in peace. You see, I have listened to your voice and have shown you favor.”

36 Abigail came to Nabal and saw that he was holding a feast [10] in his house, a feast fit for a king. Nabal was in good spirits, because he had drunk a lot. So she told him nothing at all until the morning light.

37 In the morning, when the wine had worn off for Nabal, his wife told him about these things, and his heart died within him, and he became like a stone. [11] 38 About ten days later, the Lord struck Nabal, and he died.

39 When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be the Lord, who has passed judgment on Nabal’s insults against me and has kept his servant from doing evil. The Lord has returned the evil done by Nabal back on his own head.”

Then David sent messengers to make arrangements with Abigail for him to take her as his wife. 40 When David’s servants came to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her and said, “David has sent us to you to bring you to him as his wife.”

41 She got up and bowed down with her face to the ground. She said, “Behold. I, your humblest servant, [12] am here ready to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.” 42 Abigail hurried and set out, riding on a donkey, with five young women who were her attendants following her. She went with the messengers of David and became his wife.

43 David also married Ahinoam of Jezre’el, so they both became his wives. 44 But Saul gave his daughter Michal, who was David’s wife, to Palti son of Laish, who was from Gallim.

At Ziph Once Again

1 Samuel 26

The Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Do you know that David is hiding at the Hill of Hakilah, which is near the badlands?” [13]

So Saul set out and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph with three thousand men, who were specially chosen from Israel, to search for David in the Wilderness of Ziph. Saul set up camp near the road at the Hill of Hakilah, which is near the badlands. David, however, stayed in the wilderness. When David heard that Saul had come into the wilderness to search for him, he sent out scouts, who confirmed that Saul had come.

So David moved out and came to the place where Saul had set up camp. David saw where Saul was sleeping near Abner son of Ner, the commander of his army. Saul was sleeping inside the defensive perimeter of the camp, and the rest of the men were camped around him.

David responded to the situation by saying to Ahimelek the Hittite and to Joab’s brother, Abishai son of Zeruiah, “Who will go down with me into the camp, to Saul?”

Abishai said, “I will go down with you.”

So during the night David and Abishai passed through the people in the camp, and they saw that Saul was sleeping inside the defensive perimeter of the camp, with his spear stuck into the ground beside his head. Abner and the rest of the men were lying all around him.

Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand today. Please let me strike him and pin him to the ground with my spear. One blow! That’s all I’ll need! I won’t need to strike him a second time.”

But David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy him, for who can stretch out his hand against the Lord’s anointed and be guiltless?” 10 David continued, “As the Lord lives, the Lord will strike him, or his day will come and he will die, or he will go down into battle and be swept away. 11 May I be cursed if I stretch out my hand against the Lord’s anointed. Now go and take the spear that is beside his head and the jar of water, and we will go.”

12 So David took the spear and the jar of water that were next to Saul’s head, and they left. No one saw them. No one knew anything. No one woke up. They were all sound asleep, because a deep sleep from the Lord had fallen on them.

13 Then David moved over to a position across from the camp and stood on the top of the mountain some distance away. There was a lot of space between them. 14 David then shouted to the people and to Abner son of Ner, “Abner, are you going to answer?”

Abner responded, “Who are you to be shouting at the king?”

15 David said to Abner, “Aren’t you a man? Who is like you in Israel? So why haven’t you kept watch over your lord, the king? For someone came into the camp to destroy your lord the king. 16 This thing that you have done is not good. As the Lord lives, you deserve to die, because all of you have not kept watch over your master, the Lord’s anointed. Now look around! Where are the king’s spear and the jar of water that was next to his head?”

17 Saul recognized David’s voice and said, “Is this your voice, David, my son?”

David said, “It is my voice, my lord the king.” 18 He added, “Why does my lord pursue his servant? What have I done? What evil is there in my hand? 19 So please, let my lord the king listen to the words of his servant. If it is the Lord who has stirred you up against me, let him accept an offering. But if it is other people, may they be cursed before the Lord, for they have driven me out today so that I cannot remain in my share of the Lord’s inheritance. They keep saying, ‘Go, serve other gods!’ 20 Now therefore, do not let my blood fall to the earth away from the presence of the Lord, for the king of Israel has come out searching for a flea, or like someone who hunts for a partridge in the mountains.”

21 Then Saul said, “I have sinned. Come back, David my son, for I will not harm you anymore, because my life was precious in your eyes today. I have acted like a fool and have made a terrible mistake.”

22 David responded, “Look, here is your spear, O King! Let one of the young men come over and get it. 23 May the Lord deal with every man according to his righteousness and his faithfulness, because the Lord handed you over to me today, but I would not stretch out my hand against the Lord’s anointed. 24 Just as your life was precious in my eyes today, so let my life be precious in the Lord’s eyes, and let him deliver me from all persecution.”

25 Then Saul said to David, “May you be blessed, David my son. You will certainly accomplish great things, and you will certainly remain successful.”

So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his own place.


  1. 1 Samuel 25:18 The term may refer to either a wineskin or a jar.
  2. 1 Samuel 25:18 Hebrew five seahs, 50 or 60 pounds
  3. 1 Samuel 25:20 The precise meaning of the term translated secluded trail is uncertain.
  4. 1 Samuel 25:22 The main Hebrew text reads enemies of David. The Greek Old Testament reads David. The Hebrew reading may be a euphemism to prevent David from cursing himself.
  5. 1 Samuel 25:22 It appears that David uses a crude term. He does not use a standard term for man or male. The term may also have the connotation that his enemies are dogs.
  6. 1 Samuel 25:25 Nabal means fool.
  7. 1 Samuel 25:27 Throughout this section Abigail uses two different words for female servants. Here she uses the term that is said to refer to a lower status. It is not clear whether there is any real difference between the terms.
  8. 1 Samuel 25:28 That is, dynasty
  9. 1 Samuel 25:34 This seems to be a crude term used only when making threats of a violent death.
  10. 1 Samuel 25:36 The Hebrew word emphasizes drinking rather than eating.
  11. 1 Samuel 25:37 This may refer to a heart attack, a stroke, a coma, or paralysis.
  12. 1 Samuel 25:41 Here, as in verse 27, the lower status word for female servant is used.
  13. 1 Samuel 26:1 Or Jeshimon. The Hebrew word jeshimon is sometimes translated badlands or as a proper name Jeshimon.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 15

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 15

1 Samuel 23 – 24

Through My Bible – July 15

1 Samuel 23 – 24 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

David and the People of Keilah

1 Samuel 23

David was told, “Here’s news! The Philistines are fighting against Keilah and plundering the threshing floors.”

So David inquired of the Lord, “Shall I go and strike these Philistines?”

The Lord said to David, “Go strike the Philistines and save Keilah.”

But David’s men said to him, “Look how afraid we are here in Judah! How much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines!”

Then David inquired of the Lord again, and the Lord answered him, “Set out and go down to Keilah, for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.”

So David and his men went to Keilah and fought against the Philistines. He took away their livestock and struck a heavy blow against the Philistines. David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.

(When Abiathar son of Ahimelek fled with David to Keilah, he had brought the special vest, which was in his possession.)

When Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah, he said, “God has delivered him into my hand, since David has trapped himself by entering a city that has barred gates.” Then Saul summoned all the fighting men to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.

David knew that Saul was planning to harm him, so he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the special vest here.” 10 Then David said, “O Lord, the God of Israel, your servant has heard a specific report that Saul plans to come to Keilah to destroy the city because of me. 11 Will the citzens of Keilah hand me over to him? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O Lord, God of Israel, please tell your servant.”

The Lord said, “He will come down.”

12 Then David asked, “Will the citizens of Keilah hand me and my men over to Saul?”

The Lord said, “They will hand you over.”

13 Then David and his men, who numbered about six hundred, immediately departed from Keilah and went wherever they could. [1] When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he gave up his plan to go there.

David in the Wilderness of Ziph

14 David stayed in the strongholds in the wilderness. He remained in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. Saul searched for him every day, but God did not deliver him into his hand. 15 David knew that Saul had come to seek his life.

David was at Horesh in the Wilderness of Ziph. 16 Saul’s son Jonathan set out and came to David at Horesh. There he strengthened his hand in God. 17 He said to him, “Do not be afraid, because the hand of my father Saul will not find you. You will be king over Israel, and I will be second to you. Even my father Saul knows that.” 18 They both made a covenant before the Lord. Then David stayed at Horesh, and Jonathan returned home.

19 Then the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Do you know that David is hiding near us in the strongholds at Horesh near the Hill of Hakilah, in the southern part of the badlands? [2] 20 So now, O King, come down! Come down whenever you wish to come, and our role will be to deliver him up into the king’s hand.”

21 Saul said, “May you be blessed by the Lord, for you have sympathized with me. 22 Go and make sure that you know exactly where he is and who has seen him there, for I have been told that he is very wily. 23 Make sure that you know all the places where he hides. Then come back to me with solid information. Then I will come with you. If he is in the land, you can be sure that I will hunt him down among all the thousands of Judah.” 24 So Saul’s men set out and went to Ziph ahead of Saul.

Meanwhile David and his men were in the Wilderness of Maon, in the Arabah, [3] south of the badlands.

David in the Wilderness of Maon

25 Saul and his men went to look for David. When David was told about it, he went down to the rock and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. When Saul heard that, he pursued David in the Wilderness of Maon. 26 Saul was going along one side of the mountain, and David and his men were on the other side. David hurried to get away from Saul and his men, who were trying to surround David and his men in order to capture them. 27 But a messenger came to Saul and said, “Hurry! Come back, because the Philistines have made a raid on the land!” 28 So Saul turned back from pursuing David and went to confront the Philistines. That is why that place is named Sela Hamahlekoth. [4]

David and Saul at En Gedi

29 Then David went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of En Gedi. [5]

1 Samuel 24

When Saul had returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “Here’s some news. David is in the Wilderness of En Gedi.” [6] Then Saul took three thousand specially chosen men [7] from all Israel and went to hunt for David and his men along the rocky slopes of the wild goats. [8]

Saul came to some sheep pens that were along that route. Saul went into a cave that was there to relieve himself. [9] At that time David and his men were far back in the interior of the cave.

David’s men said to him, “Look, this is the day the Lord told you about when he said, ‘I will deliver your enemy into your hand, and you will do to him whatever seems good to you.’” So David got up and cut off the edge of Saul’s robe without being noticed.

Afterward, David had a guilty conscience, because he had cut off the edge of Saul’s robe. He said to his men, “May I be cursed if I do something like this to my master, who is the Lord’s anointed—that I would stretch out my hand against him, since he is the Lord’s anointed.” With these words David restrained his men and did not allow them to attack Saul.

Saul got up, left the cave, and went on his way. David got up and followed him out of the cave and shouted to him, “My lord the king!”

When Saul looked back at him, David bowed facedown to the ground to show respect. David said to Saul, “Why do you listen to the words of people who say, ‘Watch out! David is seeking to harm you’? 10 This very day you have seen with your own eyes how the Lord delivered you into my hand in the cave. Some urged me to kill you, but I spared you, because I said, ‘I will not stretch out my hand against my master, because he is the Lord’s anointed.’ 11 Take a look at this! My father, take a good look at the piece of your robe that is here in my hand. Because I cut off the edge of your robe but did not kill you, you can be sure that I do not have any evil intent and I am not rebelling. I have not sinned against you, even though you keep hunting for me to take my life. 12 May the Lord judge between you and me, and may the Lord avenge me on you, but my hand will not be against you. 13 As the ancient proverb says, ‘Out of the wicked come wicked deeds,’ but my hand will not be against you. 14 Against whom has the king of Israel come out? What are you pursuing? A dead dog? A flea? 15 May the Lord, therefore, be the judge who renders a verdict between you and me. May he examine my case, plead my cause, and deliver me out of your hand.”

16 When David had finished speaking these words, Saul responded, “Is that your voice, David, my son?” Saul broke down and wept. 17 He said to David, “You are more righteous than I, for you have treated me well, but I have treated you badly. 18 You have made it clear today how you have been good to me, because when the Lord delivered me into your hand, you did not kill me. 19 If a man finds his enemy, will he let him go away unharmed? May the Lord reward you with good for what you have done for me today. 20 Now I know without a doubt that you will become king, and that the kingship over Israel will be established in your hand. 21 So swear to me now by the Lord that you will not cut off my descendants after me and that you will not destroy my name from my father’s house.”

22 David promised this to Saul with an oath.

Saul went back home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold.


  1. 1 Samuel 23:13 Literally they went around where they went around
  2. 1 Samuel 23:19 Hebrew jeshimon, which means wasteland or badlands. A jeshimon is worse than a midbar (wilderness). The Hebrew word jeshimon is sometimes translated as a proper name Jeshimon.
  3. 1 Samuel 23:24 On the basis of Joshua 15:48-55, most maps show Maon in the highlands west of the Dead Sea, but this verse seems to refer to a location in the Great Rift that contains the Dead Sea, which is called the Arabah. Perhaps Arabah here simply means wilderness.
  4. 1 Samuel 23:28 Sela Hamahlekoth means cliff of parting.
  5. 1 Samuel 23:29 En Gedi means the spring of the goat kid.
  6. 1 Samuel 24:1 In the Hebrew text, chapter 24 starts at English 23:29. In chapter 24, the Hebrew verse numbers are all one number higher than the English verse numbers.
  7. 1 Samuel 24:2 Or top-notch men
  8. 1 Samuel 24:2 More specifically ibexes
  9. 1 Samuel 24:3 Literally to cover his feet

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 14

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 14

1 Samuel 21:10 – 22:23

Through My Bible – July 14

1 Samuel 21:10 – 22:23 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 21

David Among the Philistines

10 David quickly fled from Saul that day and went to Achish king of Gath. 11 The officials of Achish said to him, “Isn’t this David, the king of the land? Didn’t they dance and sing songs about him, saying, ‘Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands’?”

12 David took those words to heart, so he was very afraid of Achish king of Gath. 13 He changed his behavior in their presence and pretended to be insane while he was in their hands. He scribbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spit run down his beard. 14 Then Achish said to his servants, “Look, can’t you see that the man is insane? Why have you brought him to me? 15 Don’t I have enough madmen? Did you have to bring this madman into my presence? Should I keep this man in my house?”

Further Stops on David’s Flight

1 Samuel 22

So David departed from there and escaped to the cave at Adullam. When his brothers and his father’s entire household heard about it, they went down to join him there. Everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. There were about four hundred men with him.

David went from there to Mizpah in Moab, and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother come and stay with you, until I find out what God will do for me.” So he brought them to the king of Moab, and they stayed with him the whole time that David was in the stronghold.

The prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. Leave and go to the land of Judah.” So David left and went to the Forest of Hereth.

The Massacre of the Priests

Saul heard that David and the men with him had been located.

Saul was sitting under the tamarisk tree on an elevated location in Gibeah. He had his spear in his hand, and all his attendants were standing around him. Saul said to his attendants who were standing around him, “Listen, you Benjaminites! Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards? Will he make you all officers over thousands and officers over hundreds? So why have all of you conspired against me? Why is there no one who informs me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse? Why is there not one of you who sympathizes with me or informs me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, so that he is waiting to ambush me, as he is today?”

Then Doeg the Edomite, who was standing beside Saul’s attendants, replied, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub at Nob. 10 The priest inquired of the Lord for him and gave him supplies and the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”

11 Then the king summoned the priest, Ahimelek son of Ahitub, along with all of his father’s house, that is, all the priests who were in Nob, and all of them came to the king. 12 Saul said, “Listen, you son of Ahitub.”

He answered, “I am listening, my lord.”

13 Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, by giving him bread and a sword and inquiring of God for him, so that he can rise up against me and lie in ambush, as he is doing today?”

14 Then Ahimelek answered the king, “Who among all your servants is as faithful as David? He is the king’s son-in-law, the head of your elite troops, [1] and is honored in your house. 15 Have I just begun to inquire of God for him today? Certainly not! The king should not charge anything against his servant or against all the house of my father, for your servant knows nothing at all about this matter, in whole or in part.”

16 The king said, “You shall certainly die, Ahimelek, you and all your father’s house.” 17 Then the king said to the bodyguards [2] who were standing around him, “Turn and kill the priests of the Lord, because their hand too is with David. They knew that he was fleeing, but they did not inform me.”

But the attendants of the king would not raise a hand against the priests of the Lord.

18 The king said to Doeg, “You turn and attack the priests!”

Doeg the Edomite turned and attacked the priests. On that day he killed eighty-five men who wore the special linen garment. [3] 19 He struck Nob, the city of the priests, with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and nursing babies, as well as cattle, donkeys, and sheep—all of them with the edge of the sword. 20 But one of the sons of Ahimelek son of Ahitub, whose name was Abiathar, escaped and fled to David.

21 Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the Lord’s priests.

22 David said to Abiathar, “On that day when Doeg the Edomite was present, I knew without a doubt that he would tell Saul. I am responsible for the death of all the members of your father’s house. 23 Stay with me. Do not be afraid, for the one who seeks my life also seeks your life. You will be safe with me.”


  1. 1 Samuel 22:14 Literally those who listen to you
  2. 1 Samuel 22:17 Literally runners
  3. 1 Samuel 22:18 The Hebrew term ephod usually refers to the special vest worn by the high priest. Here it seems to refer to a type of garment worn by regular priests.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 13

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 13

1 Samuel 20:1 – 21:9

Through My Bible – July 13

1 Samuel 20:1 – 21:9 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 20

David fled from Naioth in Ramah. He came to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done? Am I guilty of something? What is my sin against your father that makes him seek my life?”

Jonathan said to him, “A curse on me if that happens. [1] You will not die. Look, my father does nothing whether important or unimportant without telling me about it. Why would my father hide this from me? It is not so.”

But David took an oath and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, so he might say, ‘Do not let Jonathan know about this, or he will be very upset.’ But as surely as the Lord lives, and as surely as your soul lives, there is only a step between me and death.”

Then Jonathan said to David, “Ask me for whatever you really want, and I will do it for you.”

David said to Jonathan, “Listen, tomorrow is the new moon, and I am expected to dine with the king, but let me go so that I can hide in the countryside until the evening of the third day. If your father misses me at all, say, ‘David urged me to excuse him so that he could run to Bethlehem, his hometown, because it is the annual sacrifice there for his entire family.’ If he says, ‘That is fine,’ your servant will be at peace. But if it really displeases him, then you will know that he is planning evil. You must show kindness to your servant, because you have made a covenant in the name of the Lord with me, your servant. But if I am guilty of anything, kill me yourself. Why should you bring me to your father?”

Jonathan said, “A curse on me if that occurs, because if I knew that my father was planning to harm you, wouldn’t I tell you?”

10 Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me if your father gives you a harsh response?”

11 Jonathan said to David, “Come, let’s go out into the field.” So the two of them went out into the field. 12 Jonathan said to David, “I swear by the Lord, the God of Israel! About this time tomorrow or the day after, when I have tested my father to see if he is favorably inclined toward David, I will send word to you so that you hear about it. 13 May the Lord punish Jonathan severely and double it, [2] if my father is planning to harm you and I do not disclose it to you and send you on your way, so that you may go in peace. May the Lord be with you, as he has been with my father. 14 You must show the mercy of the Lord to me, not only while I am still alive, so that I do not die, 15 but you also must not cut off your mercy from my house forever—no, not even when the Lord has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth.” 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the Lord demand an accounting from David’s enemies.” 17 Then Jonathan had David repeat the oath, because of the love that he had for him, for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

18 Jonathan said to him, “Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. 19 On the third day, [3] go down quickly to the place where you hid on the previous occasion and stay by the stone named Ezel. 20 I will shoot three arrows off to the side of it, as if I were shooting at a target. 21 I will send the boy out and say, ‘Go and find the arrows!’ If I yell to the boy, ‘Hey! The arrows are closer this way. Come and pick them up,’ then you can come to me, because you are safe and, as the Lord lives, there is no danger. 22 But if I yell to the boy, ‘Hey! The arrows are farther out,’ then go on your way, for the Lord has sent you away. 23 Concerning this matter that you and I have spoken about, the Lord stands as a witness between you and me [4] forever.”

24 So David hid in the countryside. When the new moon came, the king sat down to eat his meal. 25 The king sat at his usual seat next to the wall. Jonathan was across from him, [5] and Abner sat next to Saul, but David’s place was empty. 26 Nevertheless, Saul did not say anything that day, since he thought, “Something has happened to him to make him ceremonially unclean. That’s what it is—he must be unclean.”

27 On the day after the new moon, the second day of the month, David’s place was still empty. So Saul asked his son Jonathan, “Why didn’t the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?”

28 Jonathan answered Saul, “David begged me for permission to go to Bethlehem. 29 He said, ‘Please let me go, because our family has a sacrifice in the city. My brother has ordered me to be there. Now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please excuse me so I can go and see my brothers.’ That is why he has not come to the king’s table.”

30 Then Saul’s anger burned against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverted, unfaithful woman! Don’t I know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? [6] 31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives on this earth, you will not be established, nor will your kingship. So send for him and bring him to me, because he must surely die!”

32 Jonathan answered his father Saul, “Why should he be put to death? What has he done?”

33 Saul threw his spear at him to hit him. So Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death. 34 Jonathan got up from the table in fierce anger, and he ate no food on the second day of the month, for he grieved for David, because his father had treated David so shamefully.

35 In the morning Jonathan went out into the field at the time he had set with David. He took a young servant boy with him. 36 He said to his boy, “Run out and find the arrows that I shoot.” As the boy ran, Jonathan shot an arrow beyond him. 37 When the boy reached the area where Jonathan’s arrow had landed, Jonathan yelled to the boy, “Isn’t the arrow farther out from you?” 38 Jonathan shouted to the boy, “Go faster! Hurry up! Don’t be slow!” Jonathan’s boy picked up the arrows and came back to his master. 39 The boy did not know anything about what was going on. Only Jonathan and David knew. 40 Jonathan gave his equipment to his boy and told him, “Go on ahead. Carry these things into the city.”

41 As soon as the boy was gone, David got up from the south side of the mound. [7] He fell down with his face to the ground and bowed three times. They kissed one another and wept together, but David wept more. 42 Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, because we have both sworn in the Lord’s name. May the Lord stand between you and me and between my offspring and your offspring forever.” David got up and left, and Jonathan went back into the city.

David and the Priests

1 Samuel 21

David came to Ahimelek the priest at Nob. When he came to meet David, Ahimelek was trembling with fear, and he said to David, “Why are you alone? Why isn’t there anyone with you?” [8]

David said to Ahimelek the priest, “The king sent me on a mission and told me, ‘Don’t let anyone know anything about where I am sending you or about your orders.’ I have instructed the young men to wait for me at a certain place. So what do you have on hand? Please give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is available.”

The priest answered David, “I do not have any ordinary bread, but there is holy [9] bread—I can give it to you [10] only if your young men have kept themselves away from women.” [11]

David answered the priest, “Yes indeed, women have been kept away from us just as they have been on previous occasions. Whenever I go out on a mission, the bodies [12] of the young men are kept holy even if it is only an ordinary journey. How much more then shall their bodies be holy today?”

So the priest gave him holy bread, because there was no bread there except for the Bread of the Presence which had been removed from the presence of the Lord and replaced with hot bread.

Now one of Saul’s servants was present that day, detained before the Lord. His name was Doeg the Edomite. He was in charge of Saul’s shepherds.

David said to Ahimelek, “Don’t you have a spear or sword on hand here? I didn’t bring my sword or my gear with me, because the king’s mission was so urgent.”

The priest said, “The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here. It is wrapped in a cloth behind the place where the special vest is kept. If you would like to take that, take it, because there is nothing else here.”

David said, “There is no other like that one. Give it to me.”


  1. 1 Samuel 20:2 The Hebrew has the tone of a curse. The phrase could, however, be translated more mildly: There is no way that is going to happen. See another example in verse 9.
  2. 1 Samuel 20:13 Literally may the Lord do this to Jonathan and even more. This is an oath with the specific curse left unstated.
  3. 1 Samuel 20:19 On the third day often means on the day after tomorrow, but here it is three days.
  4. 1 Samuel 20:23 In Hebrew the order of persons is normally me and you, as it is here. In English the order you and me is considered more polite. The EHV usually follows the normal English order, unless it seems that there is some significance to the Hebrew order.
  5. 1 Samuel 20:25 The Hebrew reads Jonathan stood up. The Greek indicates that Jonathan was across from Saul.
  6. 1 Samuel 20:30 In a shocking outburst, Saul calls Jonathan, who was his legitimate son and heir, the illegitimate son of an immoral woman. Many translations soften the harsh language of Saul’s outburst.
  7. 1 Samuel 20:41 The Hebrew says from the south side but gives no location. The Greek reads from the mound but supplies no direction.
  8. 1 Samuel 21:1 In the Hebrew text, chapter 21 starts at English 20:42. In chapter 21, the rest of the Hebrew verse numbers are one number higher than the English verse numbers.
  9. 1 Samuel 21:4 In this context holy means ceremonially pure or set aside for a sacred purpose.
  10. 1 Samuel 21:4 The words I can give it to you are added to make the sentence clear in English.
  11. 1 Samuel 21:4 Sexual relations made a man ceremonially unclean, as did touching a woman during her period.
  12. 1 Samuel 21:5 Literally vessels. Some translations understand this as a reference to the men’s weapons, but it is clear from the priest’s question that he is concerned about the effect of sexual relations on the purity of their bodies.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 12

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 12

1 Samuel 17:55 – 19:24

Through My Bible – July 12

1 Samuel 17:55 – 19:24 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 17

David and Saul’s Family

55 When Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is this young man?”

Abner said, “As your soul lives, my King, I do not know.”

56 The king said, “Inquire whose son the young man is!”

57 As David returned from striking down the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul, with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 58 Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?”

David answered, “I am the son of your servant Jesse of Bethlehem.”

1 Samuel 18

When David had finished speaking to Saul, the soul [1] of Jonathan became bound to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved David as he loved his own soul. [2] Saul took David into his service that day and would not let him go back to his father’s house anymore. Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because Jonathan loved David as his own soul. Jonathan took off the robe that he was wearing and gave it to David, as well as his other gear, including his sword, his bow, and his belt.

David went out wherever Saul sent him, and he was successful. So Saul put him in charge of a group of soldiers. All the people approved, as did Saul’s officials.

As the army was coming back from battle, when David was returning from striking down the Philistine, women came out from all the cities of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing, with joyful music, with hand drums, and with noisemakers. [3] The women sang to each other as they played:

Saul has slain his thousands,
and David his ten thousands.

Saul became furious, because he resented this statement. He said, “They have credited David with tens of thousands, but to me they have credited only thousands. What more can be given to him but the kingship?” So Saul eyed David suspiciously from that day on.

10 On the next day, an evil spirit from God overcame Saul, and in a frenzy he prophesied inside the house. David had a lyre in his hand. He was playing as he did day by day. Saul had his spear in his hand. 11 He hurled the spear, because he thought, “I will pin David to the wall!” But David escaped from his presence twice.

12 Saul was afraid of David, because the Lord was with David but had departed from Saul. 13 So Saul sent David away from his court and made him a commander over a unit of a thousand. So David led the army out to battle and back again. 14 David was successful in everything he did, and the Lord was with him. 15 When Saul saw that David was so successful, he was even more afraid of him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them out to battle and back again.

17 Saul said to David, “Look, here is my oldest daughter Merab. I will give her to you as your wife. Just be a strong warrior for me, and fight the Lord’s battles.” For Saul thought, “It won’t be my hand against him, but it will be the hand of the Philistines against him.”

18 David said to Saul, “Who am I, and what is the status of my father’s clan in Israel, that I would be able to become the son-in-law of the king?”

19 When the time came that Saul’s daughter Merab was supposed to have been given to David, she was given to Adriel of Meholah as his wife.

20 Michal, Saul’s other daughter, loved David. When they told Saul about it, this situation pleased him. 21 Saul said, “I will give her to him, so that she will be a snare for him, and the hand of the Philistines will be against him.”

So Saul said to David, “Today you have another opportunity to become my son-in-law.”

22 Saul commanded his officials to speak with David privately and to say, “Look, the king is delighted with you, and all his officials love you, so you should become the king’s son-in-law.” 23 Saul’s officials spoke those words to David’s ears.

But David said, “Does it seem to you to be a trivial thing for me to be the king’s son-in-law, since I am a poor man and not highly regarded?”

24 Then Saul’s officials told him what David had said.

25 So Saul said, “Tell David that the king desires no price for the bride except one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, for revenge against the king’s enemies.” Saul intended to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

26 When Saul’s officials told David these words, David was very pleased to become the king’s son-in-law. Before the deadline, 27 David got up and went out with his men and killed two hundred men of the Philistines. Then David brought their foreskins and counted them out for the king, so that he could become the king’s son-in-law.

Then Saul gave his daughter Michal to David as his wife. 28 Saul realized that the Lord was with David and that Michal, his daughter, loved David. 29 So Saul was even more afraid of David, and he was hostile to David all the time.

30 The commanders of the Philistines were regularly going out for battle, and as often as they went out, David was more successful than all the other officers of Saul. So his name was highly regarded.

1 Samuel 19

Saul told his son Jonathan and all his officials that they should kill David. But Saul’s son Jonathan had great admiration and respect for David. So Jonathan told David, “My father Saul wants to kill you. So be careful tomorrow morning. Settle down in a hiding place and conceal yourself. I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are, and I will talk with my father about you. I will see what the situation is, and I will tell you.”

Jonathan spoke favorably about David to his father Saul. He said to him, “The king should not sin against his servant David, because he has not sinned against you, and his actions have served you very well. He took his life into his hands when he struck the Philistine, and the Lord brought about a great victory for all Israel. You saw it, and you celebrated. Why then would you sin against innocent blood by killing David without cause?”

Saul listened to the advice of Jonathan, and Saul swore, “As the Lord lives, he shall not be put to death.”

So Jonathan called David and told him about all those things. Then Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he served in his presence as he had before.

Later, war broke out again. David went out and fought against the Philistines and inflicted a severe defeat on them, and they fled from him.

An evil spirit from the Lord came upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand. David was playing the lyre. 10 Saul tried to pin David to the wall with the spear, but David evaded Saul’s attempt, and Saul’s spear stuck in the wall. That night David fled and successfully escaped.

11 Saul sent messengers to watch David’s house and to kill him in the morning, but David’s wife Michal told him, “If you do not do something to save your life tonight, by tomorrow you will be put to death.” 12 So Michal let David down through the window. He took off, got away, and escaped. 13 Michal took a household idol and laid it in the bed. She put something made of goat hair on its head and covered the statue with clothing. 14 When Saul sent messengers to capture David, she said, “He is sick.”

15 So Saul sent the messengers to see David for themselves. He said, “Bring him to me on the bed, so I can kill him.” 16 When the messengers came in, they saw that the idol was in the bed with the goat hair on its head.

17 Saul said to Michal, “Why have you deceived me like this and let my enemy go, so that he has escaped?”

Michal answered Saul, “He said to me, ‘Let me go! Why should I have to kill you?’”

18 So David ran away and successfully escaped.

David’s Flight From Saul

David came to Samuel at Ramah and told him about everything that Saul had done to him. So he and Samuel went and stayed in Naioth. 19 Saul was told, “Look, David is at Naioth in Ramah.”

20 Saul sent messengers to seize David, but when they saw an assembly [4] of the prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came on Saul’s messengers, and they also prophesied. 21 When Saul was told about it, he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. So Saul sent messengers a third time, and they also prophesied.

22 Then Saul himself went to Ramah and came to the large cistern at Seku. He asked, “Where are Samuel and David?”

Someone told him, “They are at Naioth in Ramah.”

23 So Saul headed for Naioth in Ramah. Then the Spirit of God came on him also, and he walked along prophesying, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24 He also stripped off his clothing and prophesied in the presence of Samuel. He fell down and lay there naked all that day and all that night. Therefore it is said, “Is Saul also among the prophets?”


  1. 1 Samuel 18:1 Or heart. The base meaning of the Hebrew term is soul, but in this context English might prefer the connotation heart.
  2. 1 Samuel 18:1 Or life
  3. 1 Samuel 18:6 The Hebrew term shalish very likely refers to a type of noisemaker known as a sistrum, but some think it refers to a three-stringed instrument or a type of song.
  4. 1 Samuel 19:20 The meaning of this term is uncertain.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 11

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 11

1 Samuel 17:1-54

Through My Bible – July 11

1 Samuel 17:1-54 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 17

David and Goliath

1 Now the Philistines gathered their troops for battle. They gathered at Sokoh, [1] which belongs to Judah, and they camped between Sokoh and Azekah at Ephes Dammim. Saul and the men of Israel also gathered together and camped in the Valley of Elah. They lined up in battle formation opposite the Philistines. The Philistines took up a position in front of the mountain on one side of the valley, and the Israelites stationed themselves in front of the mountain on the other side of the valley.

A challenger who represented the Philistines came out from the camp of the Philistines. He was named Goliath of Gath. He was nine feet, six inches tall. [2] He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he wore scaled body armor, which was made of more than one hundred pounds [3] of bronze. He had bronze greaves on his shins and a bronze spear slung between his shoulders. The shaft [4] of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and his spearhead was made of fifteen pounds [5] of iron. His shield bearer went out ahead of him.

He would stand up and shout to the armies of Israel, “Why have you come out to line up in battle formation? I am a Philistine, and you are servants of Saul, aren’t you? Choose a man to represent you, and let him come down to me. If he is able to fight with me and kill me, we will be your servants. But if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our servants, and you will serve us.” 10 The Philistine would say, “I defy the ranks of Israel today! Give me a man, and we will fight each other!” 11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they lost their courage and were terrified.

[6] 12 Now David was the son of an Ephrathite from Bethlehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse. Jesse had eight sons. In the days of Saul, Jesse was a very old man. 13 The three oldest sons of Jesse had accompanied Saul to the battleground. The names of his three sons who went to the battle were his firstborn Eliab, next Abinadab, and third Shammah. 14 David was the youngest son. The three oldest accompanied Saul. 15 During this time David went back and forth from Saul to take care of his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.

16 The Philistine came out each morning and evening for forty days and presented his challenge.

17 Jesse said to his son David, “Take twenty-five pounds [7] of this roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers. Deliver them quickly to the camp for your brothers. 18 Also take these ten blocks of cheese to the commander of their unit. [8] See how your brothers are doing and bring back some assurance they are okay.”

19 Now Saul, David’s brothers, and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah to fight with the Philistines.

20 David got up early in the morning and left the sheep with someone who would watch them. He took the supplies and set out as Jesse had commanded him. He arrived at the outer defense line of the camp just as the army was marching out to line up in battle formation, shouting war cries as they went. 21 Israel and the Philistines were lining up for battle, one formation against the other. 22 After David had handed over his provisions to the supply officer, he ran to the battlefront, where he met and greeted his brothers.

23 As he was talking with them there, he saw the Philistine challenger named Goliath of Gath coming up out of the ranks of the Philistines. He repeated his usual words, and David heard them. 24 (Whenever they saw the man, all the men of Israel fled from him and were terrified.) 25 An Israelite had said, “Have you seen this man who has come up? He keeps coming up to taunt Israel. The king will give great riches to the man who kills him. He will give his daughter to him in marriage and make his father’s house exempt from taxes in Israel.”

26 David spoke to the men who stood near him. He asked, “What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the disgrace from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine who dares to defy the troops of the living God?”

27 The people again told him what would be done for the man who killed Goliath.

28 When Eliab, David’s oldest brother, heard David speaking to the men, he burned with anger against David. He said, “Why have you come down? Who is taking care of those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the mischief in your heart. You have come down just to see the battle.”

29 David said, “What have I done now? Can’t I say anything?” [9] 30 So David turned away from him toward another person, and he asked the same thing again, and the soldiers again answered him the same way. 31 When they heard what David said, they reported it to Saul, and he sent for David. 32 David said to Saul, “Do not let anyone lose heart because of this Philistine! Your servant will go and fight him.”

33 But Saul said to David, “You cannot go against this Philistine to fight with him, because you are just a boy, and he has been a warrior since he was a youth.”

34 David said to Saul, “Your servant has been taking care of his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock, 35 I went after it and struck it and rescued the lamb out of its mouth. When the lion reared up against me, I grabbed it by its mane, struck it, and killed it. 36 Your servant struck both the lion and the bear. This uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, since he has defied the ranks of the living God.” 37 David added, “The Lord, who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.”

Saul said to David, “Go then! May the Lord be with you.” 38 So Saul dressed David in his own gear. [10] He placed a bronze helmet on his head and dressed him in scaled body armor. 39 David strapped his sword over his gear. David tried to walk around in them, since he had never trained with this kind of equipment before.

David said to Saul, “I cannot go in these, because I have never trained with them.” So David took them off.

40 Then David took his staff in his hand and picked five smooth stones out of the stream bed and put them into the pouch of his shepherd’s bag. He took his sling in his hand and approached the Philistine.

41 The Philistine kept walking and got closer and closer to David. The man who was carrying his shield was walking ahead of him. 42 When the Philistine got a good look at David, he despised him, because David was just a boy, nothing but a good-looking, red-headed boy. [11]

43 The Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come against me with sticks?” The Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 The Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will feed your flesh to the birds of the air and to the wild animals of the countryside.”

45 Then David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord of Armies, the God of the ranks of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 Today the Lord will hand you over to me. I will strike you down and cut off your head. Today I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines to the birds of the air and to the wild animals of the earth. Then all the earth will know that there is a God in Israel, 47 and all those gathered here will know that the Lord does not save with sword and spear, for the battle belongs to the Lord, and he will deliver you into our hand.”

48 Then, when the Philistine started advancing to attack David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. 49 David put his hand into his bag, took a stone from it, shot it from his sling, and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown to the ground.

50 So David defeated the Philistine with a sling and a stone. He struck the Philistine and killed him, even though David did not have a sword in his hand. 51 So David ran, stood over the Philistine, took hold of his sword, drew it out of its sheath, killed him, and cut off his head with it.

When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. 52 The men of Israel and Judah got up, cheering loudly, and pursued the Philistines toward the entrance of the valley, all the way to the gates of Ekron. Fatally-wounded Philistines lined the road from Sha’araim all the way to Gath and Ekron. 53 When the Israelites returned from pursuing the Philistines, they plundered their camp. 54 David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put the Philistine’s armor and weapons into his tent.


  1. 1 Samuel 17:1 Also spelled Socoh. In many Hebrew names that contain the Hebrew letter kaph, the English spelling is in the process of changing from a c to a k in order to align more closely with the Hebrew spelling. At present there is no consistent spelling system for biblical names.
  2. 1 Samuel 17:4 Hebrew six cubits and a span. A Hebrew Dead Sea Scroll, some Greek manuscripts, and the historian Josephus have the variant four cubits and a span, that is, six feet, nine inches.
  3. 1 Samuel 17:5 Hebrew five thousand shekels
  4. 1 Samuel 17:7 The translation follows the Hebrew reading recorded in the margin of the text (qere). The main Hebrew text (kethiv) reads arrow.
  5. 1 Samuel 17:7 Hebrew six hundred shekels
  6. 1 Samuel 17:11 Some Greek manuscripts of the Old Testament omit these verses. They also omit other verses at the end of the chapter. These alterations seem to be abridgements accepted by some Greek versions rather than valid readings of the original text.
  7. 1 Samuel 17:17 Hebrew an ephah
  8. 1 Samuel 17:18 Literally their thousand
  9. 1 Samuel 17:29 Literally is it not [just] a word
  10. 1 Samuel 17:38 Or uniform
  11. 1 Samuel 17:42 This is the same physical description of David as given in 16:12, but here the point seems to be to highlight his boyish appearance.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 10

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 10

1 Samuel 16

Through My Bible – July 10

1 Samuel 16 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

David Is Chosen as King

1 The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go. I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem, for I see a king for myself among his sons.”

Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears about it, he will kill me.”

The Lord said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will let you know what you are to do. You are to anoint for me the person that I point out to you.”

So Samuel did what the Lord had told him to do and went to Bethlehem. Trembling with fear, the elders of the city came to meet him. They said, “Do you come in peace?”

He said, “Yes, in peace. I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Consecrate yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” He consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.

When they had come, he looked at Eliab and said, “Certainly this is the Lord’s anointed.”

But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at how tall he is, because I have rejected him. For the Lord does not look at things the way man does. For man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

Then Jesse called Abinadab and had him pass in front of Samuel. But Samuel said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.”

Then Jesse had Shammah pass by. But Samuel said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.”

10 Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel. Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen any of these.” 11 Samuel said to Jesse, “Is that all of the young men?”

Jesse said, “There still is the youngest, but he is tending the sheep.”

Samuel said to Jesse, “Send for him, for we cannot sit down to eat until he comes.”

12 He sent for him and brought him in. David had red hair [1] and striking eyes, and was good-looking. The Lord said, “Get up! Anoint him, because this is the one.”

13 So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers. The Spirit of the Lord rushed on David with power from that day forward. After that Samuel set out and returned to Ramah.

David and Saul Meet

14 The Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil [2] spirit from the Lord tormented him.

15 So Saul’s servants said to him, “Please listen to us. An evil spirit from God is tormenting you. 16 Our lord, please command your servants who are here with you to seek out a man who is skilled at playing the lyre. Then when the evil spirit from God is on you, he will play the lyre, [3] and you will feel better.”

17 So Saul said to his servants, “Find a man who can play well and bring him to me.”

18 Then one of the young attendants replied, “As a matter of fact, I have seen a son of Jesse from Bethlehem who is a skillful player. He is a strong, brave man, fit for war. He shows good judgment in what he says and is a handsome man. And the Lord is with him.”

19 So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.”

20 Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a container of wine, and a young goat, and he sent them with his son David to Saul. 21 David came to Saul and stood before him. Saul loved him, and David became his armor bearer. 22 So Saul sent to Jesse, saying, “Permit David to remain and serve me, for I am very pleased with him.” 23 Whenever the spirit from God came over Saul, David would take the lyre in his hand and play. So Saul would be soothed and feel better, and the evil spirit would depart from him.


  1. 1 Samuel 16:12 Or a reddish complexion. The Hebrew word simply means red-colored.
  2. 1 Samuel 16:14 Or harmful. God permitted an evil spirit to afflict Saul as he permitted Satan to attack Job.
  3. 1 Samuel 16:16 Literally play the lyre by hand. By hand may be a technical term for David’s style of playing, that is, he played without a pick or striker. Most translations omit the term by hand.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 09

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 09

1 Samuel 15

Through My Bible – July 09

1 Samuel 15 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Saul Is Rejected

1 Samuel said to Saul, “The Lord sent me to anoint you to be king over his people Israel. Therefore, listen to the voice of the Lord. This is what the Lord of Armies says. I will repay Amalek for what they did to Israel when they blocked Israel’s way as it was coming up out of Egypt. Go and strike Amalek. Devote everything they have to destruction. Do not spare them. Kill both men and women, infants and nursing babies, oxen and sheep, camels and donkeys.”

So Saul summoned the troops and organized them for battle at Telaim. There were two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men from Judah. Then Saul came to the city of Amalek and set up an ambush in the ravine. Saul said to the Kenites, “Go! Leave! Get away from the Amalekites, so that I do not destroy you along with them, because you showed kindness to all the people of Israel when they came up out of Egypt.” So the Kenites moved away from the Amalekites.

Saul struck the Amalekites from Havilah all the way to Shur, which borders Egypt. He took Agag, the king of the Amalekites, alive, and he devoted all the people to destruction with the edge of the sword. But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the cattle, the fattened calves, and the lambs, along with everything else that was good, because they were not willing to devote them to destruction. But everything that was undesirable and worthless, that they devoted to destruction.

10 Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel: 11 “I regret [1] that I have set up Saul to be king, for he has turned back from following me, and he has not carried out my words.” Samuel was angry, and he cried to the Lord all night.

12 Samuel got up to meet Saul early in the morning, but Samuel was told, “Saul went to Carmel, and he set up a monument for himself there. Then he turned and continued down to Gilgal.”

⎣So Samuel went to Saul, and there he saw Saul, offering a burnt offering to the Lord from the best of the spoils that he had brought from the Amalekites.⎦ [2]

13 When Samuel came to Saul, Saul said to him, “You are blessed by the Lord! I have carried out the word of the Lord.”

14 Samuel said, “Then what does this mean—this bleating of sheep in my ears and the lowing of cattle that I hear?”

15 Saul said, “They have been brought here from the Amalekites, because the people spared the best of the sheep and the cattle to sacrifice to the Lord your God. But we have completely destroyed the rest.”

16 Then Samuel said to Saul, “Stop right there! Let me tell you what the Lord said to me last night.”

He said to him, “Tell me.”

17 Samuel said, “Though you were insignificant in your own sight, you were made the head of the tribes of Israel. The Lord anointed you king over Israel. 18 Then the Lord sent you on a mission and said, ‘Go and devote the Amalekites, that sinful people, to destruction. Fight against them until they are exterminated.’ 19 Why didn’t you listen to the voice of the Lord? Why did you swoop down on the plunder and do what was evil in the Lord’s sight?”

20 Saul said to Samuel, “But I have obeyed the voice of the Lord and have completed the mission that the Lord gave me. I have captured Agag king of Amalek, and I have completely destroyed the Amalekites. 21 But the people took some of the plunder: sheep, cattle, and the best of what was devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to the Lord your God in Gilgal.”

22 Samuel said, “Does the Lord take as much pleasure in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obedience to the voice of the Lord? Know this! To obey is better than sacrifice, and to pay attention is better than the fat of rams. 23 For rebellion is the same as the sin of witchcraft, and arrogance is like having useless idols or consulting household gods. Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, he has also rejected you as king.”

24 Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed against the command [3] of the Lord, as well as against your words, because I was afraid of the people, so I listened to their voice. 25 But now, please pardon my sin and come back with me again, so that I may worship the Lord.”

26 But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you, because you have rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected you from being king over Israel.”

27 As Samuel turned to leave, Saul grabbed the edge of his robe, and it tore. 28 Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel away from you today, and he has given it to a neighbor of yours who is better than you. 29 The Splendor of Israel will not lie or change his mind, because he is not a man, who changes his mind.”

30 Then Saul said, “I have sinned, but please honor me now before the elders of my people and before Israel. Come back with me, so that I may worship the Lord your God.” 31 So Samuel went back with Saul, and Saul worshipped the Lord.

32 Then Samuel said, “Bring Agag the king of the Amalekites here to me!”

Agag came to him confidently. He said, “Surely the bitterness of death is past.” [4]

33 Samuel said, “As your sword has made women childless, so your mother will be childless among women!” Then Samuel cut Agag to pieces before the Lord in Gilgal.

34 Samuel then went to Ramah, and Saul went up to his house at Gibeah of Saul. 35 Until the day of his death, Samuel never again came to see Saul. Samuel did, however, mourn for Saul, but the Lord regretted that he had made Saul king over Israel.


  1. 1 Samuel 15:11 Or it grieves me. In reference to God, the word regret or grief means he is going to change his course of action.
  2. 1 Samuel 15:12 The line in the half-brackets is not in the Hebrew text but is present in the Greek Old Testament. An accidental omission from the Hebrew text may have been triggered by the repetition of the words Samuel went/came to Saul.
  3. 1 Samuel 15:24 Literally the mouth
  4. 1 Samuel 15:32 The meaning of this verse is uncertain. The translation follows the Hebrew text. According to this interpretation, Agag thought that this old prophet certainly would not kill him, so he expected a reprieve. The ancient versions read: Agag came to him fearfully. Agag said, “Surely death is bitter.” According to this interpretation, Agag realized that Samuel would not waver like Saul, so he was doomed. According to another reading, Agag came in chains.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 08

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 08

1 Samuel 14

Through My Bible – July 08

1 Samuel 14 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 One day [1] Saul’s son Jonathan said to the young man who carried his armor, “Come on! Let’s go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” But he did not tell his father Saul, who was staying on the outskirts of Gibeah, under the pomegranate tree that is in Migron. The people who were with Saul amounted to about six hundred men, including Ahijah son of Ahitub. (Ahitub was the brother of Ichabod and the son of Phinehas, who was the son of Eli, the priest of the Lord in Shiloh.) Ahijah was wearing the special vest. [2]

The men did not know that Jonathan was gone.

On each side of the pass which Jonathan needed to cross in order to go over to the Philistine garrison, there was a cliff with a sharp outcropping of rock. The name of one was Bozez, and the name of the other was Seneh. One cliff rose up on the north side in front of Mikmash, and the other was on the south side in front of Geba.

Jonathan said to the young man who carried his armor, “Come on! Let’s go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised fellows. It may be that the Lord will exert his power for us, for the Lord is not limited. He can save by many or by few.”

His armor bearer said to him, “Do everything that is in your heart. Give it all you’ve got! I am with you heart and soul.”

Then Jonathan said, “Here’s the plan. We will cross over to them, and we will let them see us. If they say to us, ‘Stay there until we come to you!’ then we will stay right where we are. We will not go up to them. 10 But if they say, ‘Come up to us!’ then we will go up, because the Lord has delivered them into our hand. This will be the sign for us.”

11 So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines, and the Philistines said, “What do you know! The Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have been hiding!” 12 When Jonathan and his armor bearer appeared, the men of the garrison responded, “Come up to us. We have something to show you!”

So Jonathan said to his armor bearer, “Follow me, because the Lord has delivered them into Israel’s hands.”

13 Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, and his armor bearer followed him. The Philistines fell wounded before Jonathan, and his armor bearer followed him, killing them as he went. 14 That first blow struck by Jonathan and his armor bearer killed about twenty men within about half an acre of land. [3]

15 Panic spread throughout the entire Philistine army, both those in the camp and those in the open country. The garrison and the raiding parties also panicked. The earth quaked, and there was a panic sent by God. 16 Saul’s sentries at Geba [4] of Benjamin looked out and saw the noisy crowd melting away and scattering in every direction.

17 Then Saul said to the people who were with him, “Take roll call, and see who is missing from us.” When they took roll call, they realized that Jonathan and his armor bearer were not there.

18 Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the special vest [5] of God here.” (The special vest of God was with the Israelites at that time.) 19 While Saul was talking to the priest, the uproar in the camp of the Philistines continued and got even louder, so Saul said to the priest, “Stop drawing lots!” [6]

20 Saul and all the troops who were with him assembled and joined the battle. There they saw the panicked Philistines striking each other with their swords. 21 Then the Hebrews from all around, who had previously sided with the Philistines and had joined them in their camp, deserted them to join the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. 22 Likewise, when all the men of Israel who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were fleeing, they joined the battle and stuck to the Philistines in close pursuit. 23 So the Lord saved Israel that day, and the battle progressed as far as Beth Aven.

24 The men of Israel were pushed to their limits that day, because Saul had imposed an oath on the people: “Cursed is the man who eats any food until it is evening and I have been avenged on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted any food.

25 The entire army had come into a forest, and there was honey on the ground. 26 When the army came into the forest, they saw the honey dripping, but no one put his hand to his mouth, because the people were afraid as a result of the oath. 27 Jonathan, however, had not heard his father put the people under oath. So he stuck out the tip of the staff that was in his hand, dipped it into the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and he was revived. [7]

28 Then one of the soldiers responded and said, “Your father specifically placed the people under an oath, saying, ‘Cursed is the man who eats food today.’ That is why the people are so weak.”

29 Then Jonathan said, “My father has caused trouble for the land. See how I have been revived, because I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much better it would have been today if the people had eaten freely from the plunder taken from their enemies. The slaughter among the Philistines would have been even greater.”

31 The Israelites struck down the Philistines that day from Mikmash to Aijalon. The troops were very weak, 32 so they pounced on the plunder. They took sheep, cattle, and calves and slaughtered them on the spot, and they ate them with the blood still in them. 33 Saul was told, “Look, the people are sinning against the Lord. They are eating meat with the blood still in it.”

Saul said, “You have acted unfaithfully. Roll a large stone over here to me right now!” 34 Then he said, “Spread out among the people and tell them, ‘Have each man bring his ox or his sheep here to me. Kill them here, and eat them, but do not sin against the Lord by eating meat with the blood still in it.’” So that night each person brought his ox with him, and together they killed them there.

35 Saul built an altar to the Lord. This was the first altar which he built to the Lord. 36 Saul said, “We will pursue the Philistines by night and take plunder from them until the morning light. We will not allow a man of them to survive.”

The people responded, “Do whatever seems good to you.”

But the priest said, “We should consult God here.”

37 So Saul inquired of God, “Shall I pursue the Philistines? Will you deliver them into Israel’s hand?” But God did not answer him that day. 38 So Saul said, “Come over here, all you pillars [8] of the people, and let us find out what sin has been committed today. 39 For, as the Lord lives, who saves Israel, even if it is my son Jonathan, he must surely die.” But there was not a man among all the people who responded to him. 40 Then Saul said to all Israel, “You stand on one side, and I and my son Jonathan will be on the other side.”

The people said to Saul, “Do whatever seems good to you.”

41 So Saul said to the Lord, the God of Israel, ⎣“Why have you not answered your servant today? If the fault is in me or my son Jonathan, respond with Urim, but if the fault is with the men of Israel,⎦ [9] respond with Thummim.”

Then Jonathan and Saul were chosen, and the people were not chosen.

42 Saul said, “Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. ⎣The person the Lord identifies by lot shall be put to death.”

But the people said to Saul, “Absolutely not.” But Saul overruled the people, so they cast lots between him and Jonathan his son,⎦ [10] and Jonathan was selected by lot.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done!”

Jonathan told him, “I just tasted a little honey with the tip of the staff that was in my hand, and now I must die?”

44 Saul said, “May God punish me severely and double it, [11] if you are not put to death, Jonathan.”

45 The people said to Saul, “Should Jonathan die? He has accomplished this great deliverance for Israel. Absolutely not! [12] As the Lord lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, because he has worked with God today!” So the people rescued Jonathan, so that he did not die. 46 Then Saul gave up pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went back to their own places.

Saul’s Many Victories

47 When Saul had assumed the kingship over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side: against Moab, against the Ammonites, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he inflicted punishment. [13] 48 He fought valiantly. [14] He struck the Amalekites and delivered Israel out of the hands of those who had plundered them.

Saul’s Family

49 The sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malkishua. The names of his two daughters were Merab, the firstborn, and Michal, the younger. 50 The name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam daughter of Ahima’az. The name of the commander of his army was Abner son of Ner, Saul’s uncle. [15] 51 Kish was Saul’s father, and Ner, Abner’s father, was the son of Abiel.

52 There was fierce warfare against the Philistines all the days of Saul. Whenever Saul noticed any heroic man or strong warrior, he would take him into his service.


  1. 1 Samuel 14:1 Or that same day
  2. 1 Samuel 14:3 Hebrew ephod. The ephod was a vest-like garment worn by the high priest. The pouch attached to it contained the Urim and Thummin, which were used to obtain answers from God. See verse 19.
  3. 1 Samuel 14:14 Or half the area that a yoke of oxen can plow. The expression is difficult.
  4. 1 Samuel 14:16 Geba is the reading of the Greek text. The Hebrew reads Gibeah. The geography of the campaign makes Geba the more suitable location for this action.
  5. 1 Samuel 14:18 Literally ephod. Ephod is the reading of the Greek Old Testament here and in the next sentence. The Hebrew text reads ark of God. An ephod was mentioned in verse 3 and ephod fits the context, which refers to obtaining answers from God. Also refer to the use of the ephod in 14:36 and later in the book. Ephod and ark do not look alike in Hebrew, so explaining this variant is difficult.
  6. 1 Samuel 14:19 Literally withdraw your hand
  7. 1 Samuel 14:27 Literally his eyes brightened
  8. 1 Samuel 14:38 Literally cornerstones
  9. 1 Samuel 14:41 The words in the half-brackets above (Why have you not answered your servant today? If the fault is in me or my son Jonathan, respond with Urim, but if the fault is with the men of Israel,) are not in the Hebrew text but are present in the Greek Old Testament. They give a clearer statement of Saul’s request. The possible accidental omission from the Hebrew text may have been triggered by the repetition of the word Israel.
  10. 1 Samuel 14:42 The words in the half-brackets above (The person the Lord identifies by lot shall be put to death.” But the people said to Saul, “Absolutely not.” But Saul overruled the people, so they cast lots between him and Jonathan his son,) are not in the Hebrew text but are present in the Greek Old Testament. The accidental omission from the Hebrew text may have been triggered by the repetition of the word son.
  11. 1 Samuel 14:44 Literally may God do this to me and even more
  12. 1 Samuel 14:45 The Hebrew term has the tone of a curse.
  13. 1 Samuel 14:47 The translation follows the Hebrew, which literally reads he did evil. The Greek text reads he was victorious.
  14. 1 Samuel 14:48 Or accomplished great things
  15. 1 Samuel 14:50 It is uncertain whether the words Saul’s uncle are an apposition to Abner or Ner. If Ner was Saul’s uncle, Abner was his cousin. The additional information on Saul’s family elsewhere in the Old Testament does not resolve the issue.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 07

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 07

1 Samuel 13

Through My Bible – July 07

1 Samuel 13 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Saul’s Reign Gets Off to a Bad Start

1 Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-two years. [1]

Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul at Mikmash and in the hill country near Bethel, and one thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah [2] of Benjamin. He sent the rest of the people to their own tents.

Jonathan struck the Philistine garrison [3] that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard about it. Saul blew the ram’s horn throughout the land and said, “Let the Hebrews hear!” All Israel heard that Saul had struck the garrison of the Philistines and that Israel had become a stench to the Philistines. The people were summoned to meet Saul at Gilgal.

The Philistines assembled their forces to fight against Israel with three thousand [4] chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They came up and camped at Mikmash, east of Beth Aven. When the men of Israel saw that they were in trouble because their army was under pressure, the people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, [5] among the rocks, in dugouts, [6] and in cisterns. Some of the Hebrews had gone across the Jordan River to the territory of Gad and Gilead, but Saul remained in Gilgal, and all the people who remained with him were shaking with fear. He waited there seven days, the time specified by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the people were starting to scatter from Saul. So Saul said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offering.” He then presented the burnt offering.

10 No sooner had he finished presenting the burnt offering than Samuel arrived. Saul went out to meet him and greet him with a blessing. 11 But Samuel said, “What have you done?”

Saul said, “I saw that the people were scattering from me, that you did not come within the set number of days, and that the Philistines had assembled their forces at Mikmash. 12 So I said, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the favor of the Lord.’ So I forced myself to offer the burnt offering.”

13 Samuel said to Saul, “You have acted foolishly. You have not kept the command which the Lord your God gave to you. The Lord would have established your kingship over Israel forever. 14 But now your kingship will not continue. The Lord has sought for himself a man after his own heart, and the Lord has appointed him to be ruler over his people, because you have not obeyed the command the Lord gave you.”

15 Then Samuel set out and went up from Gilgal. ⎣The rest of the people followed Saul to meet the army. They went up from Gilgal⎦ [7] to Gibeah of Benjamin. Saul counted the people who were present with him. There were about six hundred men. 16 Saul, and his son Jonathan, and the people who were present with them stayed in Geba [8] of Benjamin, but the Philistines camped at Mikmash.

17 Raiding parties set out from the camp of the Philistines in three groups. One group headed down the road toward Ophrah, toward the land of Shual. 18 Another group headed down the road to Beth Horon, and the third group headed toward the position on the border that looks down on the Valley of Zeboim, toward the wilderness.

19 At that time no blacksmith could be found throughout the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines said, “If we allow this, the Hebrews will make swords or spears for themselves.” 20 So all the Israelites had to go down to the Philistines to get their plowshares, mattocks, [9] axes, and sickles [10] sharpened. 21 The price was two thirds of a shekel [11] to sharpen plowshares and mattocks and one third of a shekel for pitchforks and axes and to repair ox goads.

22 The result was that when the day of battle came, no swords or spears were found in the hands of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. Only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.

Jonathan’s Heroics

23 A garrison of the Philistines took up a position by the pass at Mikmash.


  1. 1 Samuel 13:1 The Hebrew text of verse 1 contains no number for Saul’s age and reads two years for the length of his reign. The numbers thirty and forty– are provided by a few manuscripts of the Greek Old Testament and by Acts 13:21.
  2. 1 Samuel 13:2 Gibeah is the reading of the Hebrew text. The Greek Old Testament reads Geba. If the reading Gibeah is correct, Jonathan launched his attack from the more distant Gibeah rather than already being at a forward position near Geba as the Greek says.
  3. 1 Samuel 13:3 Or post or outpost. The meaning of this Hebrew term is uncertain.
  4. 1 Samuel 13:5 Three thousand is the reading of some of the ancient versions. The Hebrew text reads thirty thousand. Three thousand chariots is a suitable number for six thousand charioteers, with a driver and archer in each chariot.
  5. 1 Samuel 13:6 The meaning of the term translated thickets is uncertain.
  6. 1 Samuel 13:6 The meaning of the term translated dugouts is uncertain.
  7. 1 Samuel 13:15 The words in half-brackets are the reading of the Greek Old Testament. They are not in the Hebrew text. These words clarify strategic movements that would not be clear without them. An accidental omission of these words from the Hebrew text may have been caused by the copyist’s eye jumping from the first occurrence of Gilgal to the second.
  8. 1 Samuel 13:16 The majority of Hebrew texts read Geba. A few read Gibeah. Geba is the best position for blocking the Philistines at Mikmash.
  9. 1 Samuel 13:20 Or hoes
  10. 1 Samuel 13:20 The translation sickles follows the Greek Old Testament. The Hebrew repeats plowshares here.
  11. 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew a pim. Ancient weights marked pim are equal to two thirds of a shekel.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 06

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 06

1 Samuel 12

Through My Bible – July 06

1 Samuel 12 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Samuel’s Farewell

1 Samuel said to all Israel, “You see that I have listened to your voice and to everything that you said to me. I have appointed a king over you. Now, there he is. The king is walking before you. I am old and gray, but my sons are with you. I have walked before you from my youth till this very day.

“Here I am. Testify against me before the Lord and before his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey have I taken? Have I defrauded anyone? Have I oppressed anyone? From whose hand have I taken a bribe to turn a blind eye to anything? If so, I will restore it for you.”

They replied, “You have not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither have you taken anything from anyone’s hand.”

So he said to them, “The Lord is witness against you, and his anointed is witness today that you have not found anything in my hand.”

They said, “He is witness.”

So this is what Samuel said to the people:

It was the Lord who appointed Moses and Aaron and who brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. Now then, stand here, so that I may present the case against you before the Lord on the basis of all the righteous acts of the Lord, which he did for you and for your fathers.

When Jacob had gone down into Egypt, [1] your fathers cried out to the Lord, and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, who brought your fathers out of Egypt and settled them in this place.

But they forgot the Lord their God, so he sold them into the hand of Sisera, the commander of the army of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them. 10 They cried to the Lord and said, “We have sinned, because we have forsaken the Lord. We have served the Baals and the Ashtartes, but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve you.” 11 So the Lord sent Jerubbaal, [2] Bedan, [3] Jephthah, and Samuel, and he delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and you lived in safety.

12 But when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites was coming against you, even though the Lord your God was your king, you said to me, “No, we want a king to reign over us.”

13 Now look, here is the king you have chosen, the king you asked for. You see, the Lord has set a king over you. 14 If you fear the Lord and serve him and listen to his voice and do not rebel against the mouth of the Lord, then both you and the king who reigns over you will be following the Lord your God. 15 But if you do not listen to the Lord’s voice but rebel against the mouth of the Lord, then the Lord’s hand will be against you, as it was against your fathers.

16 Now then, take your positions here, and see this great thing that the Lord is about to do right in front of your eyes. 17 Isn’t today the time of wheat harvest? I will call to the Lord, and he will send thunder and rain, [4] so that you may know and see that your wickedness is great, that wickedness which you have done in the Lord’s sight by asking for a king.

18 Then Samuel called to the Lord, and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day. Then all the people were very afraid of the Lord and of Samuel.

19 So all the people said to Samuel, “Pray to the Lord your God for your servants so that we do not die, for we have added to all our sins also this evil, that we asked for a king for ourselves.”

20 Samuel said to the people, “Do not be afraid. You have indeed done all this evil. Nevertheless, do not turn away from following the Lord, but serve the Lord with all your heart. 21 Do not turn away to pursue empty things that cannot help you or save you, because they are empty. 22 For the sake of his great name, the Lord will not forsake his people, because the Lord was pleased to make you his own people for himself. 23 As for me, it is unthinkable [5] that I should sin against the Lord by ceasing to pray for you. Instead I will instruct you in the way that is good and right. 24 Above all, fear the Lord, and serve him in truth, with all your heart, considering the great things he has done for you. 25 But if you keep doing evil, you will be swept away, both you and your king.”


  1. 1 Samuel 12:8 The Greek text includes words missing from the Hebrew. They are marked by half-brackets: When Jacob had gone down into Egypt, ⎣and Egypt humbled them,. . .⎦ In the Hebrew word order, the double occurrence of Egypt could have triggered a skip by a scribe.
  2. 1 Samuel 12:11 That is, Gideon
  3. 1 Samuel 12:11 Bedan is the reading of the Hebrew text, but the book of Judges does not list any judge by that name. Of the Hebrew names of judges, Abadon is the name that is closest to Bedan, but Abadon was a minor figure. Barak is the name found in some Greek and Syriac manuscripts.
  4. 1 Samuel 12:17 By the time of the wheat harvest in late spring, the rainy season was over.
  5. 1 Samuel 12:23 Or may I be cursed if. . . The word refers to something that is profane or cursed. It is an oath similar to the oath may I be punished severely if. . .

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 05

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 05

1 Samuel 10:17 – 11:15

Through My Bible – July 05

1 Samuel 10:17 – 11:15 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 10

17 Samuel called the people together to the Lord at Mizpah. 18 He said to the people of Israel, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says. I brought Israel up out of Egypt, and I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians, and from the hand of all the kingdoms that oppressed you. 19 But today you have rejected your God, the one who saves you out of all your disasters and your distress, and you have said to him, ‘You must set a king over us.’ Now line up in the presence of the Lord by your tribes and by your thousands.”

20 So Samuel brought forward all the tribes of Israel, and the tribe of Benjamin was chosen. [1] 21 Then he brought forward the tribe of Benjamin by its clans, and the clan of the Matrites was chosen. [2] Then Saul the son of Kish was chosen, but when they looked for him, he could not be found. 22 Therefore they asked the Lord again, “Has the man arrived here yet?”

The Lord answered, “He has. Look, he is is hiding among the baggage.”

23 So they ran and brought him from there. When he stood among the people, he was a head taller than any of the people. 24 Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see the one the Lord has chosen? There is no one like him among all the people.”

All the people shouted, “Long live the king!”

25 Samuel told the people the regulations concerning the kingship, and he wrote them on a scroll, which was placed before the Lord. Then Samuel sent all the people away, each man to his own house. 26 Saul went home to Gibeah, and the army went with him, those men whose hearts God had touched. 27 But certain worthless good-for-nothings said, “How can this man save us?” They despised him and brought him no gift, but Saul said nothing.

Saul Saves Jabesh Gilead

1 Samuel 11

Nahash [3] the Ammonite went and set up camp against Jabesh Gilead. So all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, “Make a treaty with us, and we will serve you.” Nahash the Ammonite said to them, “On this condition I will make a treaty with you: I will gouge out the right eye of every one of you in order to dishonor all Israel.”

The elders of Jabesh said to him, “Give us seven days, so that we can send messengers throughout all the borders of Israel. Then, if there is no one to rescue us, we will come out to you.” When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul and spoke these words in the hearing of the people, all the people cried out and wept loudly.

Just then Saul came in from the field, following the oxen. Saul asked, “What has upset the people? Why are they weeping?” So they told him about the words of the men of Jabesh.

When Saul heard those words, the Spirit of God rushed upon him with power, and his anger burned intensely. He took a yoke of oxen and cut them to pieces and sent the pieces throughout all the borders of Israel in the hands of messengers who said, “This is what will be done to the oxen of anyone who does not turn out to follow Saul and Samuel.” The dread of the Lord fell on the people, and they turned out as one man. Saul counted them in Bezek. The men of Israel totaled three hundred thousand and the men of Judah thirty thousand.

They said to the messengers who had come, “Tell the men of Jabesh Gilead, ‘Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you will be rescued.’”

The messengers came and told the men of Jabesh, and they were very happy. 10 So the men of Jabesh said, “Tomorrow we will come out to you, and you can do with us whatever seems good to you.”

11 On the next day, Saul split the army into three divisions. They broke into the middle of the Ammonite camp during the last watch before morning and struck them down until the heat of the day. Those who survived were so scattered that no two of them were left together.

12 Then the people said to Samuel, “Who was it who said, ‘Shall Saul reign over us?’ Hand those men over to us, so we can put them to death!”

13 But Saul said, “No one shall be put to death today, because today the Lord has rescued Israel.”

14 Then Samuel said to the people, “Come! Let’s go to Gilgal and confirm the kingship there.” 15 So all the people went to Gilgal, and they made Saul king in the presence of the Lord there at Gilgal. There they sacrificed fellowship offerings before the Lord, and Saul and all the men of Israel held a great celebration there.


  1. 1 Samuel 10:20 Probably they were identified by the Urim and Thummim. See 14:41.
  2. 1 Samuel 10:21 The Greek text includes words not present in the Hebrew text. They are marked by half-brackets: He brought forward the tribe of Benjamin by its clans, and the clan of the Matrites was chosen. ⎣Finally he brought forward the clan of the Matrites man by man.⎦ Then Saul the son of Kish was chosen.
  3. 1 Samuel 11:1 One of the Hebrew manuscripts of Samuel found among the Dead Sea Scrolls has a much longer reading here. This longer reading is also supported by the Jewish historian Josephus. This longer reading clarifies the context, but since the manuscript support for it is limited, the translation leaves it in a footnote. Nahash king of the Ammonites had been severely oppressing the Gadites and the Reubenites. He would gouge out the right eye of each of them and would not grant Israel a deliverer. No one was left of the Israelites across the Jordan whose right eye Nahash king of the Ammonites had not gouged out. But there were seven thousand men who had escaped from the Ammonites and had entered Jabesh Gilead. After about a month Nahash. . . Note that the possible omission occurs between two occurrences of Nahash.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 04

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 04

1 Samuel 9:1 – 10:16

Through My Bible – July 04

1 Samuel 9:1 – 10:16 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Saul Is Anointed as King

1 Samuel 9

From the tribe of Benjamin there was a man whose name was Kish. He was the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bekorath, the son of Aphiah, a descendant of Benjamin. Kish was a strong warrior and influential person. [1] He had a son named Saul, who was an impressive young man. Among the men of Israel there was not a better man than Saul. He was a head taller than all the people.

The donkeys of Saul’s father Kish were lost, so Kish said to his son Saul, “Take one of our young men with you, and go look for the donkeys.” So Saul passed through the hill country of Ephraim and through the land of Shalishah, but they did not find the donkeys. Then they traveled through the land of Sha’alim [2] but found nothing. Then he traveled through the land of the Benjaminites, but they did not find the donkeys.

When they came to the land of Zuph, Saul said to the young man who was with him, “Come on. Let’s go back. If we don’t, my father will stop worrying about the donkeys and will start worrying about us.”

But the young man said to him, “Wait! In this city there is a man of God, who is highly regarded. Everything he says actually comes true. So let’s go there. Maybe he can tell us which way we should go.”

Then Saul said to his young man, “If we go, what should we bring for the man? Look, the bread in our bags is used up, and we do not have a gift to bring to the man of God. What do we have with us?”

The young man responded to Saul, “Look here. I have a quarter of a shekel [3] of silver in my hand. I will give that to the man of God to tell us which way we should go.”

(In earlier times in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, he would say, “Come, let’s go to the seer,” because the man who is now called a prophet used to be called a seer.)

10 So Saul said to his servant, “Good advice. Come on! Let’s go!” So they went to the city where the man of God was. 11 As they went up the ascent to the city, they met some young women coming out to draw water, and they asked them, “Is the seer here?”

12 They answered them, “Yes, he is. He is there just ahead of you. Hurry! He has just come into the city today, because the people are presenting a sacrifice today at the high place. 13 As soon as you come into the city, you will find him before he goes up to the high place to eat, since the people will not eat until he comes, because he must bless the sacrifice. After that, those who have been invited will eat. So go up, right now, for this is the time for you to find him.”

14 So they went up to the city. Just as they were coming into the city, there was Samuel coming toward them on his way to the high place.

15 Now the Lord had revealed this to Samuel the day before Saul came. He had told him, 16 “About this time tomorrow I will send to you a man from the land of Benjamin, and you are to anoint him to be leader over my people Israel. He will save my people from the hand of the Philistines, for I am looking out for my people, because their cry for help has come to me.”

17 When Samuel saw Saul, the Lord told him, “There, that is the man I was talking about! He will exercise authority over my people.”

18 Then Saul approached Samuel in the gateway and said, “Please tell me where the seer’s house is.”

19 Samuel answered Saul, “I am the seer. Go up to the high place ahead of me, because you and your men are to eat with me today. In the morning I will let you go, and I will tell you everything that is on your heart. 20 As for your donkeys that were lost three days ago, do not be concerned about them, because they have been found. For who is it that all Israel desires? Isn’t it you and your father’s entire house?”

21 Saul answered, “But I am just a Benjaminite from the smallest of the tribes of Israel. And my family is the least important of all the families in the tribe of Benjamin. So why do you speak to me like this?”

22 Samuel took Saul and his servant and brought them into the dining hall. He seated them at the head of those who had been invited. There were about thirty men.

23 Samuel said to the cook, “Bring the portion I gave you, the one I told you to set aside.” 24 So the cook picked up the thigh and all the meat that was on it and placed it before Saul. Samuel said, “Look here, this has been reserved for you! Set it before you and eat, because ever since I said, ‘I have invited the people,’ it has been kept for you for the appointed time.” So Saul ate with Samuel that day.

25 When they had come down from the high place and gone into the city, Samuel spoke with Saul on the flat roof of the house. 26 They got up early, about daybreak, and Samuel called to Saul on the housetop, “Get up, so that I may send you on your way.” Saul got up, and the two of them, Saul and Samuel, went outside together. 27 As they were going down to the edge of the city, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the young man to go on ahead of us.” So the young man went on ahead. Then Samuel said, “You stay here, so that I can tell you God’s message.”

Samuel’s Instructions to Saul

1 Samuel 10

Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil, poured it on Saul’s head, kissed him, and told him this:

Hasn’t the Lord anointed you to be ruler over his inheritance? [4] When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel’s tomb, at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. They will tell you, “The donkeys that you have been looking for have been found. Now your father has stopped worrying about the donkeys and is worried about the two of you. He is asking, ‘What should I do about my son?’”

As you go on farther from there, you will come to the oak tree at Tabor. Three men going up to God’s house at Bethel will meet you there. One will be carrying three young goats, another will be carrying three loaves of bread, and the third will be carrying a container of wine. They will greet you, ask how you are doing, and give you two loaves of bread, which you are to accept from their hand.

After that, you will come to Gibeah of God, where there is a Philistine garrison. When you come to the city, you will meet a band of prophets coming down from the high place. Musicians with a harp, a hand drum, a flute, and a lyre will be going in front of them, and they will be prophesying. Then the Spirit of the Lord will rush upon you with power, and you will prophesy with them, and you will become a changed man. When you have received these signs, do whatever is appropriate for the occasion, [5] for God is with you.

Go down to Gilgal ahead of me. Watch for me. I will come down to you to offer burnt offerings and to sacrifice fellowship offerings. Wait seven days, until I come to you. Then I will let you know what you are to do.

As Saul was turning away from Samuel to leave, God gave him a changed heart, and all those signs were fulfilled that day.

10 When they came to Gibeah, a band of prophets met Saul, and the Spirit of God came upon him with power, and he prophesied among them. 11 When everyone who had known him previously saw that Saul was prophesying along with the prophets, the people were surprised and said to each other, “What has happened to the son of Kish? Is even Saul among the prophets?”

12 Someone from that area responded, “Who is their father?” Therefore it became a saying: “Is even Saul among the prophets?”

13 When Saul had finished prophesying, he arrived at the high place.

14 Saul’s uncle asked Saul and his servant, “Where did you go?”

Saul said, “To look for the donkeys. But when we realized that we were not succeeding, we went to Samuel.”

15 Saul’s uncle said, “Please tell me what Samuel said to you.”

16 Saul said to his uncle, “He made it clear to us that the donkeys had been found.”

But Saul did not tell his uncle anything about the matter of the kingship, about which Samuel had also spoken.


  1. 1 Samuel 9:1 The same term, a mighty man of power, may refer to military prowess or to wealth and political power.
  2. 1 Samuel 9:4 The stop mark ′ is inserted into some names as a pronunciation guide. The double vowel should not be read as one syllable, Shaal, but as two syllables, Sha-al.
  3. 1 Samuel 9:8 A small amount, about one tenth of an ounce
  4. 1 Samuel 10:1 The Greek text includes words not present in the Hebrew text. They are marked by half-brackets in the following: Hasn’t the Lord anointed you to be ruler over ⎣the Lord’s people, and you will save them from the hand of their enemies all around. And this is the sign to you that the Lord has anointed you ruler over.⎦ his inheritance. There may have been a skip of the Hebrew copyist’s eye from one occurrence of ruler over to the next occurrence.
  5. 1 Samuel 10:7 Literally whatever your hand finds to do

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 03

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 03

1 Samuel 7:3 – 8:22

Through My Bible – July 03

1 Samuel 7:3 – 8:22 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 7

Samuel Leads Israel to Victory

Samuel said to the whole house of Israel, “If you are returning to the Lord with all your heart, put away the foreign gods and the Ashtartes [1] from among you. Direct your hearts to the Lord and serve him only. Then he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines.”

So the people of Israel removed the Baals and the Ashtartes and served the Lord only. Samuel said, “Gather all Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to the Lord for you.”

So Israel gathered together at Mizpah. They drew water and poured it out before the Lord. They fasted that day, and they said there, “We have sinned against the Lord.”

Samuel acted as judge for the people of Israel at Mizpah.

When the Philistines heard that the Israelites had gathered together at Mizpah, the serens of the Philistines went up against Israel. When the people of Israel heard this, they were afraid of the Philistines, and the people of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not stop crying out for us to the Lord our God, so that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines.” So Samuel took a nursing lamb and offered it as a whole burnt offering to the Lord. He cried out to the Lord on behalf of Israel, and the Lord answered him.

10 As Samuel was offering the burnt offering, the Philistines approached to engage in battle with Israel, but on that day the Lord thundered against the Philistines with a loud roar and threw them into a panic, so they were struck down before Israel. 11 The men of Israel went out from Mizpah and pursued the Philistines and struck them down until they arrived at a point below Beth Kar.

12 Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen. He named that place Ebenezer, [2] saying, “The Lord has helped us this far.” [3] 13 So the Philistines were subdued, and they no longer came into the territory of Israel. The Lord’s hand was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel.

14 The cities that the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel. From Ekron all the way to Gath, Israel recovered the territory of those cities from the control of the Philistines. There was also peace between Israel and the Amorites.

15 Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. 16 Each year he would travel in a circuit to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah, and he judged Israel in all those places. 17 He then would return to Ramah, where his home was, and he would also judge Israel there. He also built an altar to the Lord there.

Israel’s Request for a King

1 Samuel 8

When Samuel was old, he appointed his sons as judges over Israel. The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second was Abijah. They served as judges in Beersheba. His sons did not follow in his footsteps. Instead, they turned aside to seek dishonest gain. They took bribes and perverted justice.

Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah. They said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons are not walking in your ways. Now appoint a king for us so that he can judge [4] us like all the other nations.” But in Samuel’s eyes, their request to receive a king to judge them looked evil, so Samuel prayed to the Lord.

And the Lord said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people regarding everything they have said to you, because it is not you whom they have rejected. I am the one they have rejected as king over them. This is just like all the actions they have taken from the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, right up to this present day. They have forsaken me and served other gods, and now they are also acting the same way toward you. So now listen to them. Nevertheless, warn them strongly and show them what the king who reigns over them will do.”

10 Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people, who had asked him for a king. 11 He said, “This is what the king who reigns over you will do. He will take your sons and make them serve with his chariots and with his teams of horses, [5] and they will have to run ahead of his chariots. 12 He will make them serve as commanders of a thousand soldiers and as commanders of fifty. He will assign some to plow his ground and to reap his harvest. He will assign some to make his weapons and the trappings [6] for his chariots. 13 He will take your daughters to serve as perfume makers, cooks, and bakers. 14 He will take your fields, your vineyards, and your olive groves, even the best of them, and give them to his officials. 15 He will take a tenth of your seed and of the produce of your vineyards, and he will give it to the members of his court and to his officials. 16 He will take your male servants, your female servants, your best young men, [7] and your donkeys, and he will use them to do his work. 17 He will take a tenth from your flocks, and you will become his servants. 18 In that day you will cry out because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves, but the Lord will not answer you on that day.”

19 But the people refused to listen to the voice of Samuel. Instead they said, “No, we want to have a king over us, 20 so that we also can be like all the nations, and our king can judge us and lead us out to fight our battles.”

21 Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he repeated them in the hearing of the Lord. 22 The Lord said to Samuel, “Listen to them, and appoint a king for them.”

So Samuel said to the men of Israel, “Each of you go home to your own city.”


  1. 1 Samuel 7:3 Although they may have originally been different goddesses, Asherah and Ashtarte seem to have been blended together with the passage of time. Ashtarte is sometimes substituted for Asherah.
  2. 1 Samuel 7:12 Ebenezer means stone of help.
  3. 1 Samuel 7:12 Or till now
  4. 1 Samuel 8:5 In the book of Judges, the concept of judging includes other ruling activities besides judicial functions.
  5. 1 Samuel 8:11 Or charioteers. There is no evidence for the use of cavalry in battle at this time.
  6. 1 Samuel 8:12 Trappings is the technical term for equipment like the reins and harnesses but also includes decorative elements of metal and leather. Collections of chariot trappings have been preserved archaeologically.
  7. 1 Samuel 8:16 The translation follows the Hebrew. The Greek Old Testament reads your cattle.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 02

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 02

1 Samuel 5:1 – 7:2

Through My Bible – July 02

1 Samuel 5:1 – 7:2 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Travels of the Ark

1 Samuel 5

After the Philistines had captured God’s ark, they brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. The Philistines took God’s ark and brought it into the house of Dagon [1] and set it beside Dagon. When the people of Ashdod got up early the next day, there was Dagon—fallen facedown to the ground in front of the Ark of the Lord! So they took Dagon and set him in his place again. When they got up early the following morning, it had happened again! There was Dagon, fallen facedown in front of the Ark of the Lord. The head of Dagon and both of his hands were broken off and were lying on the threshold. Only Dagon’s torso [2] was intact. That is why the priests of Dagon and any people who enter Dagon’s temple in Ashdod do not step on the threshold of Dagon to this day.

Then the Lord’s hand was heavy against the people of Ashdod. He devastated them and struck them with tumors. [3] He struck Ashdod and its surrounding territory. When the men of Ashdod saw what was taking place, they said, “The Ark of the God of Israel must not stay with us, because his hand is heavy on us and on our god Dagon.” They called together a meeting of all the serens [4] of the Philistines and asked, “What shall we do with the Ark of the God of Israel?”

They answered, “Let the Ark of the God of Israel be carried over to Gath.” So they carried the Ark of the God of Israel there. But after they had carried it there, the Lord’s hand was against that city, and there was great panic. He struck the men of the city, both young and old, [5] so that tumors broke out on them. 10 So they sent God’s ark to Ekron.

When God’s ark came to Ekron, the people of Ekron cried out, “They have brought the Ark of the God of Israel here to kill us and our people.” 11 They called a meeting of all the serens of the Philistines, and they said, “Send the Ark of the God of Israel away. Let it go back to its own place, so that it does not kill us and our people.” Indeed, the threat of death caused panic throughout the whole city. The hand of God was very heavy there. 12 The men who did not die were struck with tumors, and the outcry from the city went up to heaven.

1 Samuel 6

The Lord’s ark remained in the country of the Philistines seven months. The Philistines called for the priests and the diviners [6] and asked, “What should we do with the Lord’s ark? Advise us how we should send it back to its place.”

They said, “If you send away the Ark of the God of Israel, do not send it away empty, but, by all means, send it to him with a restitution offering. Then you will be healed, and you will know why his hand has not been removed from you.” [7]

Then they said, “What restitution offering should we send to him?”

They said, “There are five serens of the Philistines, so five gold tumors and five gold mice should be sent, because the same plague was on all of you and on your serens. Therefore you should make replicas of your tumors and figurines of the mice that are ruining your land, and you will give glory to the God of Israel. Perhaps he will lighten his hand on you, on your gods, and on your land. Why harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? After the Lord had dealt ruthlessly with them, didn’t the Egyptians let the people go, and they departed?

“So make a new cart and take two cows that are nursing their calves, cows that have never had a yoke on them. Hitch the cows to the cart, and take their calves away from them and send them home. Then take the Ark of the Lord and place it on the cart. Place the gold objects, which you are sending to him as a restitution offering, into a box beside the ark. Then send it on its way, and let it go on its own. Watch it. If it goes up on the road toward the border of Israel, to Beth Shemesh, then it is their god who has inflicted this disaster on us. But if not, then we will know that it was not his hand that struck us. It was a coincidence that this happened to us.”

10 So that is what the men did. They took two cows that were nursing calves, hitched them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home. 11 Then they put the Ark of the Lord on the cart, along with the box containing the gold mice and the replicas of their tumors. 12 The cows headed straight up the road toward Beth Shemesh. They went straight along the highway without stopping, lowing as they went. They did not turn aside to the right or to the left. The serens of the Philistines followed them to the border of Beth Shemesh.

13 The people of Beth Shemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley. They looked up and saw the Ark, and they rejoiced to see it. 14 The cart came into the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh and stopped there, near the large stone that was there. Then the people split the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord. 15 The Levites took the Lord’s ark and the box with it, which contained the gold objects, and they put them on the large stone. On that same day, the men of Beth Shemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrifices to the Lord.

16 When the five serens of the Philistines had seen this, they returned to Ekron that same day.

17 This is the number of gold tumors that the Philistines sent back as a restitution offering to the Lord: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, and one for Ekron. 18 The gold mice also corresponded to the number of all the cities of the Philistines that belonged to the five serens, the fortified cities along with the rural villages. The objects were placed on the large stone [8] on which they had placed the Ark of the Lord. That stone remains in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh to this day. 19 The Lord struck some of the men of Beth Shemesh, because they had looked into the Ark of the Lord. He struck seventy men. [9] Then the people mourned, because the Lord had struck the people with such a heavy blow. 20 The men of Beth Shemesh said, “Who is able to stand before this holy God, the Lord? To whom can we send it [10] to get it away from here?”

21 So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath Jearim. They said, “The Philistines have sent back the Ark of the Lord. Come down and take it up for yourselves.”

1 Samuel 7

So the men of Kiriath Jearim came, took the Ark of the Lord, and brought it into Abinadab’s house on the hill. Then they consecrated his son Eleazar to watch over the Ark of the Lord. So from that day the ark stayed in Kiriath Jearim for a long time—twenty years. And the entire house of Israel deeply longed for the return of the Lord.


  1. 1 Samuel 5:2 Dagon was a grain god of the Philistines.
  2. 1 Samuel 5:4 The word torso is not in the Hebrew text, but it is supported by the ancient versions.
  3. 1 Samuel 5:6 Or swellings or hemorrhoids. The marginal notes to the Hebrew text suggest a euphemistic substitute. This supports the understanding that the affliction was something like anal tumors or hemorrhoids.
  4. 1 Samuel 5:8 Seren is a special word used only of the rulers of the five Philistine city states. It seems to be a Philistine term. It may be related to the Greek word tyrant, an autocratic ruler of a city state. Seren is a title like pharaoh or czar, which is applied to one specific class of rulers. Since this is a unique title, the EHV uses the transliteration seren rather than the traditional rendering lord.
  5. 1 Samuel 5:9 Or small and great or unimportant and important
  6. 1 Samuel 6:2 Or practitioners of occult arts
  7. 1 Samuel 6:3 A Hebrew Dead Sea Scroll and some Greek manuscripts have a longer reading: you will be healed, and an atonement shall be made for you. Shouldn’t his hand be removed from you?
  8. 1 Samuel 6:18 The reading a large stone is supported by ancient versions and a few Hebrew manuscripts. The majority of Hebrew texts read in the large meadow or in Great Abel (a name which might mean great mourning).
  9. 1 Samuel 6:19 A few Hebrew manuscripts and the historian Josephus read seventy men. The majority of Hebrew manuscripts and the ancient versions read seventy men, fifty thousand men. This construction is not the normal way of recording the number 50,070. This number also seems too large for a small town like Beth Shemesh, but this large number has very strong support in the manuscript evidence. Most recent translations follow the minority reading, seventy men. Others try to solve the problem by reading fifty men of a thousand or seventy men out of fifty thousand men or fifty chief men.
  10. 1 Samuel 6:20 Or him

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 01

Through My Bible Yr 01 – July 01

1 Samuel 4:1b-22

Through My Bible – July 01

1 Samuel 4:1b-22 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 4

1 So the word of Samuel came to all Israel.

Israel and the Philistines

Israel went out to meet the Philistines in battle. The Israelites camped near Ebenezer, and the Philistines camped at Aphek. The Philistines formed battle lines to confront the Israelites. As the battle developed, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of the Israelites lined up on the battlefield.

When the people had come back into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the Lord allowed us to be defeated today before the Philistines? Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord here from Shiloh, so that it [2] may come into our midst and save us from the hand of our enemies.”

So the people sent word to Shiloh, and from there they brought the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord of Armies, who sits above the cherubim. Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. When the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a shout so loud that the earth shook. [3]

When the Philistines heard the noise of all the shouting, they asked, “Why is there this loud shouting in the camp of the Hebrews?” They learned that the Ark of the Lord had come into the camp. The Philistines were afraid, so they said, “A god has come into the camp.” They said, “We’re doomed! Nothing like this has happened before. We are doomed! Who can deliver us out of the hand of these mighty gods? These are the gods that struck the Egyptians with every kind of plague in the wilderness. Be strong and act like men, you Philistines, so that you will not become slaves to the Hebrews, as they have been to you. Act like men and fight!”

10 So the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, and each man fled to his tent. A very great slaughter took place, in which thirty thousand foot soldiers of Israel fell. 11 God’s ark was taken, and Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, died.

12 A man from the tribe of Benjamin ran from the battlefield and came to Shiloh that same day. His clothing was torn, and his face was dirty. 13 When he arrived, Eli was there, sitting on his chair beside the road. He was watching, because his heart was trembling with fear for God’s ark. When the man came into the city and told them what had happened, the whole city was in an uproar. 14 When Eli heard the noise of the uproar, he said, “What does this noisy commotion mean?”

The man came quickly and told Eli what had happened. 15 Eli was ninety-eight years old. His eyes stared straight ahead [4] because he could not see. 16 The man said to Eli, “I am the one who came from the battlefield. Today I fled from the battlefield.”

Eli said, “What was the outcome, my son?”

17 The man who brought the news answered, “Israel has fled from the Philistines, and there has also been a great slaughter among the people. In addition, your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and God’s ark has been captured.”

18 When the man mentioned God’s ark, Eli fell backwards off his seat, which was by the city gate. He broke his neck, and he died, because he was an old man, and he was overweight. He had judged Israel [5] for forty years.

19 His daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was pregnant, ready to give birth. When she heard the news that God’s ark had been taken and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she crouched down and gave birth, because labor pains had come upon her. 20 As her death approached, the women who stood by her said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you have given birth to a son.” But she did not respond or pay attention. 21 She named the boy Ichabod and said, “The glory has departed from Israel.” [6] Because God’s ark had been taken, and because of the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband, 22 she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, because God’s ark has been taken.”


  1. 1 Samuel 4:1 At the transition from chapter 3 to chapter 4, the Greek Old Testament has two blocks of additional material which are not in the Hebrew text. They are marked by half-brackets in the following: 21 The Lord continued to appear in Shiloh, because at Shiloh the Lord revealed himself to Samuel by the word of the Lord. ⎣So Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the Lord for all Israel, from one end of the land to the other end.⎦ 4So the word of Samuel came to all Israel. ⎣Eli was very old, and his sons kept getting worse in their wickedness in the presence of the Lord. In those days the Philistines gathered themselves together for war against Israel.⎦ Israel went out to meet the Philistines in battle. The first omission occurs between two occurrences of identical letters in Hebrew. The second omission from the Hebrew text occurs between two occurrences of the word Israel.
  2. 1 Samuel 4:3 Or he
  3. 1 Samuel 4:5 Or the earth echoed it
  4. 1 Samuel 4:15 Literally his eyes stood. This might mean that his eyes had cataracts.
  5. 1 Samuel 4:18 Or served as leader of Israel
  6. 1 Samuel 4:21 Ichabod means no glory.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 30

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 30

1 Samuel 3:1 – 4:1a

Through My Bible – June 30

1 Samuel 3:1 – 4:1a (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Samuel Becomes a Prophet

1 Samuel 3

The boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli. The word of the Lord was rare in those days. Prophetic vision was not common.

Now it happened that Eli’s eyes had begun to grow dim, so that he could not see. Once when Eli was lying down in his place and God’s lamp had not yet gone out, Samuel was lying down in the Lord’s temple, where God’s ark was. The Lord called Samuel, and Samuel said, “I am here.” He ran to Eli and said, “I am here, since you called me.”

Eli said, “I did not call. Lie down again.” So he went and lay down.

Then the Lord called once more, “Samuel!”

So Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “I am here, since you called me.”

He answered, “I did not call, my son. Lie down again.”

Now Samuel had not yet experienced the Lord’s presence, [1] that is, the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him.

The Lord called Samuel for the third time. So he got up and went to Eli and said, “I am here, since you called me.”

Then Eli realized that the Lord was calling the young man. So Eli said to Samuel, “Go, lie down, and if he calls you, say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’”

So Samuel went and once again lay down in his place. 10 The Lord came and stood there and called as he had the other times, “Samuel! Samuel!”

Then Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant is listening.”

11 The Lord said to Samuel, “Look, I am going to do something in Israel that will make both ears of everyone who hears about it tingle. 12 On that day I am going to carry out against Eli everything that I have spoken against his house, from beginning to end. 13 I have told him that I am going to judge his house forever because of their guilty behavior, which he knew about. This will happen because his sons brought a curse on themselves, and he did not restrain them. 14 I have sworn to the house of Eli that the guilt of Eli’s house shall never be atoned for with sacrifice or offering.”

15 So Samuel lay there until morning. [2] Then he opened the doors to the Lord’s house. Samuel was afraid to tell Eli about the vision. 16 But Eli called to Samuel, “Samuel, my son!”

He said, “I am here.”

17 Eli said, “What is the message that he has spoken to you? Please do not hide it from me. May God punish you severely and double it, [3] if you hide from me one word of all of the things that he spoke to you.”

18 So Samuel told him everything and hid nothing from him.

Eli said, “He is the Lord. Let him do whatever is good in his eyes.”

19 Samuel continued to grow, and the Lord was with him. The Lord let none of his words fall to the ground. 20 So all Israel from Dan to Beersheba knew that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the Lord. 21 The Lord continued to appear in Shiloh, because at Shiloh the Lord revealed himself to Samuel by the word of the Lord. ⎣So Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the Lord for all Israel, from one end of the land to the other end.⎦ [4]

1 Samuel 4

So the word of Samuel came to all Israel.


  1. 1 Samuel 3:7 Literally did not know the Lord
  2. 1 Samuel 3:15 The Greek Old Testament includes a few words that are not present in the Hebrew text. These words are marked by half-brackets in the following: So Samuel lay there until morning⎣and he got up in the morning⎦ and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord. The Hebrew copyist’s eye may have jumped from the first occurrence of morning to the second.
  3. 1 Samuel 3:17 Literally thus may God do to you and thus may he add
  4. 1 Samuel 3:21 See the following note on verse 4:1.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 29

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 29

1 Samuel 2:12-36

Through My Bible – June 29

1 Samuel 2:12-36 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 2

Eli’s Wicked Sons Contrasted With Samuel

12 Now the sons of Eli were wicked scoundrels. They did not know the Lord.

13 The practice of the priests with the people was that whenever anyone offered a sacrifice, while the meat was still boiling, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand. 14 He would thrust it into the basin, kettle, caldron, or cooking pot. The priest would then take for himself everything that the fork brought up. This is the way they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh. 15 Before the people had even burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and tell the person who was making the sacrifice, “Give me meat for the priest to roast, because he will not accept boiled meat from you, but only raw meat.”

16 If the man said to him, “Let us burn the fat first. Then take as much as you want,” the servant would say, “No, you must give it to me right now. If you do not, I will take it by force.” 17 So the sin of the young men was very serious in the sight of the Lord, because the men were treating the Lord’s offerings with contempt.

18 But Samuel ministered before the Lord while he was still a young boy, dressed in a special vest [1] made of linen. 19 His mother would make a little robe for him and bring it to him whenever she came up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. 20 Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and say, “May the Lord give you offspring [2] from this woman in place of the son she asked for, whom she loaned to the Lord.” Then they would go back to their home. 21 The Lord came to Hannah with his blessing, [3] and she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters. The child Samuel grew up in the presence of the Lord.

22 Now Eli was very old. He heard about everything that his sons were doing to all Israel and how they were sleeping with the women who served at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 23 So he said to them, “Why do you do such things? I keep hearing from all these people about your evil actions. 24 No, my sons, it is not a good report that I hear! The people are spreading this report everywhere. [4] 25 If one man sins against another, God will mediate for him. But if a man sins against the Lord, who will mediate for him?” But they did not listen to the voice of their father, because the Lord desired to put them to death. [5]

26 The young man Samuel continued to grow, and he increased in favor with both the Lord and with men.

The Lord’s Warning to Eli

27 A man of God came to Eli and told him this:

This is what the Lord says. Didn’t I clearly reveal myself to the house of your father [6] when they were in Egypt, subject to the house of Pharaoh? 28 Out of all the tribes of Israel, I chose him to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, and to wear the special vest before me. I also gave the house of your father all the food offerings [7] from the people of Israel. 29 Why do you all kick at my sacrifice and at my offering, which I have commanded for my dwelling place? [8] Why do you, Eli, honor your sons more than me? Why do you fatten yourselves with the best of all the offerings from my people Israel?

30 Therefore this is the declaration of the Lord, the God of Israel: I stated solemnly that your house [9] and the house of your father would walk before me forever. But now the Lord declares, “This will never be! Yes, I will honor those who honor me, but those who despise me will be cursed.” 31 Look, the days are coming when I will cut off your arm and the arm of your father’s house, so that there will never be an old man in your house. 32 You will see the distress of the dwelling place. Even when things are good for Israel, there shall never be an old man in your house. 33 Any man of yours whom I do not cut off from my altar will only wear out your eyes with tears and your heart with grief, and all the future generations of your house will die before they reach old age. [10]

34 This will be the sign for you that will come on your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas: In one day they will both die. 35 I will raise up a faithful priest for myself, one who will act according to what is in my heart and in my soul. I will build an enduring house for him, and he will walk before my anointed one forever. 36 Then anyone who is left in your house will come and bow down to the faithful priest to receive a piece of silver and a loaf of bread. The one who is left will say, “Please appoint me to one of the priests’ offices, so that I can eat a scrap of bread.”


  1. 1 Samuel 2:18 Hebrew ephod
  2. 1 Samuel 2:20 Literally seed
  3. 1 Samuel 2:21 Literally visited Hannah. In the Bible visit means to come with blessing or judgment.
  4. 1 Samuel 2:24 Or you cause the Lord’s people to transgress
  5. 1 Samuel 2:25 Or it was the Lord’s will to put them to death
  6. 1 Samuel 2:27 That is, his ancestor Aaron
  7. 1 Samuel 2:28 Or offerings made by fire
  8. 1 Samuel 2:29 Not the common Hebrew name for the Dwelling, but a different word
  9. 1 Samuel 2:30 House here refers to the family line of the priests.
  10. 1 Samuel 2:33 The structure and wording of the verse are difficult, and the translation is uncertain.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 28

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 28

1 Samuel 2:1-11

Through My Bible – June 28

1 Samuel 2:1-11 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Samuel 2

Hannah’s Song

1 Hannah prayed and said:

My heart rejoices in the Lord!
In the Lord, my horn [1] is raised high.
My mouth is opened wide against my enemies,
because I find joy in your salvation.
There is no one holy like the Lord.
Yes, there is no one but you,
and there is no rock like our God.

Do not talk so high and mighty.
Do not let proud words come out of your mouth,
because the Lord is a God who knows.
By him actions are weighed. [2]

The bows of powerful warriors are broken.
Those who were staggering are now armed with strength.
Those who once were full now hire themselves out for bread,
but those who were hungry are satisfied.
Yes, the childless woman has given birth to seven children,
but she who had many children is weak with sorrow.

The Lord puts to death, and he makes alive.
He brings down to the grave, and he raises up.
The Lord makes some people poor, and he makes others wealthy.
He brings some low. He raises others up.
He raises the poor out of the dust.
He lifts up the needy from the garbage pile.
He makes them sit with nobles.
He gives them a glorious throne as a possession.
The pillars of the earth belong to the Lord.
He has set the world upon them.
He will guard the feet of his favored ones,
but the wicked will be put to silence in darkness,
because a person does not prevail by his own strength.
10 Those who oppose the Lord will be broken to pieces.
He will thunder against them in the heavens.

The Lord will judge the ends of the earth.
He will give strength to his king.
He will raise up the horn of his anointed one. [3]

11 Then Elkanah went home to Ramah, but the young boy served the Lord as an attendant to Eli the priest.


  1. 1 Samuel 2:1 A horn is a symbol of power.
  2. 1 Samuel 2:3 The translation follows the Hebrew reading in the margin (qere). The main Hebrew text (kethiv) reads actions are not weighed.
  3. 1 Samuel 2:10 Or Messiah. The text points first to David and the coming kings of Judah but ultimately to Christ.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 27

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 27

1 Samuel 1

Through My Bible – June 27

1 Samuel 1 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Birth of Samuel

1 There was a man from Ramathaim of the Zuphites in the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah. He was the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. He had two wives. One was named Hannah, and the other was named Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

Every year this man went up from his city to worship and to offer sacrifices to the Lord of Armies [1] at Shiloh. Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were serving there as priests of the Lord.

On the day when Elkanah sacrificed, he gave portions of food to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters, but to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved Hannah, but the Lord had kept her from having children. [2]

Hannah’s rival kept taunting her to make her miserable, because the Lord had kept Hannah from having children. Year after year, when Hannah went up to the Lord’s house, her rival taunted her, so Hannah would weep and would not eat. Her husband Elkanah said to her, “Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don’t you eat? Why is your heart so sad? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

Once, when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of the Lord’s temple. 10 Hannah’s spirit was very distressed, and as she prayed to the Lord, she sobbed and wept many tears. 11 She made a vow and said, “O Lord of Armies, if you will carefully consider the misery of your servant and remember me, and if you do not forget your servant but give your servant a male child, [3] then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall ever touch his head.”

12 As she continued praying before the Lord, Eli was looking at her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking silently from her heart. Although her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard. Eli thought she was drunk 14 and said to her, “How long are you going to be drunk? Get away from your wine!”

15 Hannah replied, “No, my lord, I am a woman with a very troubled spirit. I have not been drinking wine or beer, but I have poured out my soul to the Lord. 16 Do not regard your servant as a worthless, wicked woman. I have been speaking like this because of my great misery and because of how I have been grieved.” [4]

17 Then Eli answered, “Go in peace, and may the God of Israel give you what you have asked for.”

18 She said, “Let your servant find favor in your sight.” So the woman went on her way. She ate, and her face no longer looked sad.

19 They got up early in the morning and worshipped the Lord. They then returned to their home at Ramah.

Elkanah was intimate with Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. 20 So Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel [5] because she said, “I asked for him from the Lord.”

21 When this man Elkanah and his entire household went up to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go up with them, because she said to her husband, “Not until the child is weaned. Then I will bring him, so that he can appear before the Lord and remain there permanently.”

23 Her husband Elkanah said to her, “Do whatever you think is best. Wait until you have weaned him. Yes, then the Lord will establish his word.”

So the woman stayed at home, and she nursed her son until she was ready to wean him. 24 When she had weaned him, she took him up with her. She also took a three-year-old bull, [6] twenty-five pounds [7] of flour, and a container of wine, and she brought him to the House of the Lord in Shiloh. The boy was ⎣with them. And they brought him before the Lord, and his father killed the sacrifice as he regularly did before the Lord, and he brought⎦ the boy. [8] 25 When they had killed the bull, they presented the child to Eli. 26 She said, “Excuse me, my lord. As your soul lives, [9] my lord, I am the woman who stood here next to you, praying to the Lord. 27 I prayed for this child, and the Lord has granted me what I asked for. 28 So now I have also dedicated him to the Lord. As long as he lives, he is dedicated to the Lord.” So he worshipped the Lord there.


  1. 1 Samuel 1:3 Traditionally Lord of Hosts or Lord Sebaoth. God is the Lord of Armies because he rules the army of angels and the army of stars. If he rules over these great powers, he rules over everything.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:5 Literally had closed her womb
  3. 1 Samuel 1:11 Literally seed of men, an unusual expression
  4. 1 Samuel 1:16 Or provoked
  5. 1 Samuel 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew words heard by God.
  6. 1 Samuel 1:24 The translation follows the reading found in a Hebrew Dead Sea Scroll and in the Greek Old Testament. The main Hebrew text reads three bulls, but the following verse refers to only one animal.
  7. 1 Samuel 1:24 Hebrew an ephah
  8. 1 Samuel 1:24 The words in half-brackets are included in a Hebrew Dead Sea Scroll. The main Hebrew text has the cryptic reading the boy [was] a boy. The longer reading may preserve evidence of an accidental skip during the copying of the standard Hebrew text from one occurrence of the word boy to the next. This Dead Sea Scroll also has additional words in verse 25, which specify that Elkanah presented the sacrifice and Hannah presented Samuel to Eli.
  9. 1 Samuel 1:26 This is an oath that means I swear on your life.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 26

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 26

Ruth 3 – 4

Through My Bible – June 26

Ruth 3 – 4 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Ruth Proposes Marriage at the Threshing Floor

Ruth 3

Naomi, Ruth’s mother-in-law, said to her, “My daughter, shouldn’t I seek security [1] for you so that you will be well taken care of? Isn’t Boaz, whose young women you have been with, our relative? Look, he will be winnowing barley at the threshing floor tonight. So bathe, put on perfume, and dress up. Then go down to the threshing floor. Do not present yourself to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. But when he lies down, take note of the place where he lies down. Then go up to him, uncover his legs, and lie down there. He himself will tell you what you should do.”

Ruth said to her, “All that you say to me, I will do!” So she went down to the threshing floor, and she did everything that her mother-in-law had commanded her to do.

After Boaz ate and drank, and his heart was happy, he went to lie down at the edge of the grain pile. Then Ruth came up to him quietly, and she uncovered his legs and lay down there. In the middle of the night, the man was startled [2] and turned over, and there was a woman lying on his legs! [3]

He said, “Who are you?”

She said, “I am Ruth, your servant. Spread out the skirt of your robe [4] over your servant, for you are a family redeemer.”

10 Then he said, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my daughter! You have made your last act of kindness better than the first by not going to look for a young man, whether poor or rich. 11 So now, my daughter, do not be afraid. I will do everything that you are asking. Indeed, all the people at the city gate [5] know that you are an honorable woman. 12 Now it is indeed true—certainly I am a family redeemer—but nevertheless there is a redeemer who is closer than I am. 13 Spend the night here. If in the morning he acts as a redeemer for you, good. Let him redeem. But if he does not want to act as a redeemer for you, then I will act as a redeemer for you myself, as the Lord lives! Lie down here until morning.”

14 So she lay down at his feet until morning. She got up before it was light enough for anyone to recognize a person.

But Boaz thought, “No one should know that a woman came to the threshing floor.” 15 So he said, “Come here and hold out the shawl that you are wearing.” So she held it out. He measured out six scoops [6] of barley into it for her to carry home. Then he [7] returned to town.

16 When Ruth came back to her mother-in-law, Naomi said, “How did it turn out, my daughter?”

Then Ruth told her all that the man had done for her. 17 She said, “He gave me these six scoops of barley, and he said, ‘You must not return to your mother-in-law empty-handed.’”

18 Then Naomi said, “Wait, my daughter, until you know how the matter will turn out. For the man will not rest until he has taken care of this matter today!”

Boaz and Ruth Marry and Have a Son

Ruth 4

Boaz went up to the city gate, and he sat down there. Just then, the redeemer about whom Boaz had spoken was passing by. Boaz said, “Come over here! Sit down, my dear friend!” [8] So he came over and sat down.

Then Boaz chose ten men from the elders of the town, and he said, “Sit down here!” They too sat down.

Then he said to the redeemer, “Naomi, who returned from the territory of Moab, is putting up for sale [9] the piece of land that belongs to our brother Elimelek. On my part, I thought I should call it to your attention so that you may acquire it in the presence of these residents and in the presence of the elders of my people. If you wish to redeem it, redeem it. But if you do not wish to redeem it, declare that to me. I know that there is no one ahead of you in the right to redeem, but I am right after you.”

So the man said, “Yes, I will redeem it.”

Then Boaz said, “On the day that you acquire the field from the hand of Naomi, I will acquire [10] from Ruth the Moabite, the wife of the deceased, the means to perpetuate the name of the deceased on his inheritance.”

Then the redeemer said, “I am not able to redeem it for myself, or I would ruin my inheritance. You acquire for yourself my right of redemption, because I am not able to redeem it.”

(In Israel this used to be the custom regarding the transfer of the right of redemption: To confirm every transfer, one man took off his sandal and gave it to the other party. This was the way of ratifying a transfer in Israel.)

So the redeemer said to Boaz, “Acquire it for yourself!” Then he took off his sandal.

Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses today that I have acquired from the hand of Naomi everything that belonged to Elimelek and everything that belonged to Kilion and Mahlon. 10 Furthermore, Ruth the Moabite, the wife of Mahlon, I have acquired for myself as a wife, in order to perpetuate the name of the deceased on his inheritance, so that the name of the deceased shall not be cut off from his brothers and from the city gate of his place. You are witnesses today.”

11 Then all the people and the elders who were in the gatehouse said, “We are witnesses! May the Lord make the woman who is coming into your household like Rachel and like Leah, the two women who built the house of Israel, so that you prosper in Ephrathah and become famous in Bethlehem. 12 May your house become like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, through the seed [11] whom the Lord will give to you from this young woman.”

13 Then Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife, and he went to her. The Lord enabled her to conceive, and she bore a son. 14 Then the women said to Naomi:

Blessed is the Lord, who has not left you without a redeemer today.

May his name be proclaimed in Israel!

15 He will restore your life [12]

and care for you in your old age,

because your daughter-in-law, who loves you, has given birth to him.

She is better for you than seven sons!

16 Then Naomi took the boy and put him on her lap, and she became his caregiver. 17 The neighboring women named him, saying, “A son is born to Naomi!” and they named him Obed. He became the father [13] of Jesse, the father of David.

The Genealogy From Judah to David

18 Now this is the family history of Perez:
Perez became the father of Hezron.
19 Hezron became the father of Ram.
Ram became the father of Amminadab.
20 Amminadab became the father of Nahshon.
Nahshon became the father of Salmah.
21 Salmon [14] became the father of Boaz.
Boaz became the father of Obed.
22 Obed became the father of Jesse,
and Jesse became the father of David.


  1. Ruth 3:1 Or a place of rest
  2. Ruth 3:8 Or shivered
  3. Ruth 3:8 Or by his legs
  4. Ruth 3:9 Or, with an alternate Hebrew reading, spread out your wings
  5. Ruth 3:11 The gatehouse of the city was where people met for legal and social interaction.
  6. Ruth 3:15 The Hebrew text simply reads six ___ of barley with no measure stated. The measure is probably the seah. Six seahs would be about 1.2 bushels. A bushel is eight gallons; perhaps as much as fifty pounds.
  7. Ruth 3:15 Hebrew variant she
  8. Ruth 4:1 The Hebrew has an unusual expression that seems to be a device to avoid mentioning the name of the man who refused to marry Ruth. He is a “John Doe.”
  9. Ruth 4:3 It is uncertain what the exact nature of this sale is since land in Israel could not be sold in perpetuity but could only be leased until the next Year of Jubilee. Naomi may, in effect, be leasing the right to use the land to the person who redeemed it.
  10. Ruth 4:5 The reading I will acquire is the reading from the main Hebrew text. Many translations follow the Hebrew reading from the margin (qere) you must acquire. This second reading also has good support in the ancient versions, but the redeemer of land had no legal obligation to serve as a levir, a brother-in-law who married his brother’s widow in order to provide an heir for him. The threat that Boaz holds over the man is not that if the man takes the land, he must also marry Ruth, but that if the man takes the land, Boaz will marry Ruth, and their first son will get the land. Boaz treats acquiring the land and marrying Ruth as two separate transactions.
  11. Ruth 4:12 The literal term seed is retained here to emphasize the continuity of the promise of the Seed of the Woman from Eve through Ruth to Christ.
  12. Ruth 4:15 Or soul. The masculine pronouns seem to refer to the child, not to the Lord.
  13. Ruth 4:17 Obed was perhaps a forefather of Jesse since this genealogy covers more than three hundred years with only four names (Salmon, Boaz, Obed, and Jesse). Also Matthew 1:5 states that Boaz was the son of Rahab, who lived at the time of the conquest of Jericho, nearly four hundred years before David. There is probably a gap between Obed and Jesse, but this is not certain.
  14. Ruth 4:21 The Hebrew Bible frequently spells the same name in a variety of ways. Here we see variant versions of the same name (Salmah and Salmon) side by side.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 25

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 25

Ruth 1 – 2

Through My Bible – June 25

Ruth 1 – 2 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Ruth and Naomi Come to Bethlehem

Ruth 1

During the days of the judges, [1] a famine occurred in the land. So a man left Bethlehem in Judah to stay awhile [2] in the territory [3] of Moab—he, his wife, and his two sons. The man’s name was Elimelek, his wife’s name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were from the clan of Ephrath from Bethlehem in Judah. They entered the territory of Moab and remained there.

But Elimelek, Naomi’s husband, died, so she was left with her two sons. They then married Moabite wives. The name of the first was Orpah, and the name of the second was Ruth. They lived there for about ten years. But Naomi’s sons, Mahlon and Kilion, also died. So the woman was left without her two children and without her husband.

Then Naomi set out with her daughters-in-law to return from the territory of Moab, because while she was in the territory of Moab, she had heard that the Lord had graciously visited [4] his people by providing them with food. So she left the place where she had been, and her two daughters-in-law left with her. They set out on the road to return to the land of Judah.

But Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go back. Both of you return to your mother’s house. May the Lord show you kindness [5] as you have shown kindness to the dead and to me. May the Lord grant that each of you finds security [6] in the house of a husband.” Then she kissed them, and they wept loudly.

10 But they said to her, “No, we will return with you to your people.”

11 Then Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters. Why should you go with me? Am I going to give birth to any more sons [7] who could become your husbands? 12 Turn back, my daughters. Go! For I am too old to be married to another husband. Suppose I say, ‘I have hope, and I will be married to another husband tonight, and I will even give birth to sons.’ 13 Would you wait for them until they grow up? On the basis of that hope would you give up the chance to marry another husband? No, my daughters. It is much more bitter for me than for you, because the hand of the Lord has reached out against me.”

14 They once again wept loudly. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth would not let her go.

15 Naomi said, “Look, your sister-in-law has returned to her people and to her gods. Go back! Follow your sister-in-law.”

16 But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to abandon you or to turn back from following you. Because wherever you go, I will go, and wherever you make your home, I will make my home. Your people will be my people, and your God will be my God. 17 Wherever you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. May the Lord punish me severely and double it [8] if anything but death [9] separates me from you.”

18 When Naomi saw that Ruth was determined to go with her, she stopped urging her.

19 Then the two of them traveled until they arrived at Bethlehem. When they entered Bethlehem, the whole town became excited over them. The women said, “Is this Naomi?”

20 But she said to them, “Do not call me Naomi. Call me Mara, [10] because the Almighty has made me very bitter. 21 I went away full, but the Lord brought me back empty. Why should you call me Naomi? For the Lord has testified against me, [11] and the Almighty has treated me badly.”

22 So Naomi returned with Ruth the Moabite, her daughter-in-law, who came back with her from the territory of Moab. When they entered Bethlehem, it was the beginning of the barley harvest. [12]

Ruth Meets Boaz

Ruth 2

Now Naomi had a relative [13] of her husband, a wealthy, generous [14] man from the clan of Elimelek. His name was Boaz.

Ruth the Moabite said to Naomi, “I am going to go out to the fields, so that I can glean [15] ears of grain wherever I may find favor in the eyes of the owner.” Naomi said to her, “Go ahead, my daughter.”

So Ruth went out and gleaned in the grain fields after the reapers. It happened that she was in the field that belonged to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelek. At just that time, Boaz happened to come out from Bethlehem. He said to the reapers, “The Lord be with you!”

And they said to him, “The Lord bless you!”

Then Boaz asked his servant who was in charge of the reapers, “Whose young woman is this?”

The servant who was in charge of the reapers answered, “She is the young Moabite woman who returned with Naomi from the territory of Moab. She said, ‘Please let me follow the reapers and glean and gather stalks into sheaves.’ So she came and has been working from early morning till now—except for a short rest in the shelter.” [16]

Then Boaz said to Ruth, “Listen, my daughter. [17] Do not go off to glean in some other field. In fact, do not leave this one at all! Just stick close to my young women here. [18] Keep your eyes on the field where the men are reaping so that you can follow my women. I have commanded the young men not to touch you. When you are thirsty, you may go to the jars and drink from whatever the young men draw out.”

10 Then Ruth bowed down with her face to the ground. She said to Boaz, “Why have I found favor in your eyes, so that you acknowledge me even though I am a foreigner?”

11 Boaz replied to her, “I have been fully informed about all that you did for your mother-in-law after the death of your husband and how you left behind your father and mother and the homeland of your relatives, and you came to a people whom you did not know previously. 12 May the Lord reward your work, and may you be paid in full by the Lord, the God of Israel, under whose wings you have come to seek refuge!”

13 Then Ruth said, “I have found such favor in your eyes, my lord, for you have comforted me and you have spoken to the heart of your servant girl—although I cannot be compared to one of your servant girls.”

14 At mealtime Boaz said to her, “Come here and eat some of the food, and dip your piece of bread into the sour wine.” [19] So she sat down beside the reapers, and Boaz heaped up a serving of roasted grain for her. She ate until she was full and had some left over.

15 When she got up to glean, Boaz ordered his workers, “She may glean even among our sheaves. You are not to humiliate her in any way. 16 In fact, you can even pull out some stalks from the piles for her, and you can drop them on purpose so that she can glean them, and do not rebuke her at all.”

17 So Ruth gleaned in the field until evening. Then she threshed what she had gleaned. It amounted to almost a bushel [20] of barley.

18 When she picked it up and went into town, her mother-in-law saw how much she had gleaned. Ruth also took what she had left over from her meal and gave it to Naomi.

19 Then her mother-in-law said to her, “Where did you glean today and where did you work? May the man who took notice of you be blessed!”

So she told her mother-in-law in whose field she had worked: “The name of the man in whose field I worked today is Boaz.”

20 Then Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “May he be blessed by the Lord, whose faithfulness [21] has not forsaken [22] the living and the dead!”

Naomi also said to her, “This man is related to us. He is even one of our family’s redeemers.” [23]

21 Then Ruth the Moabite said, “He even said to me, ‘Stick close to my workers until they have finished all of the harvest on the land that belongs to me.’”

22 Then Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you can go out with his young women, so that you will not be molested by men in some other field.”

23 So Ruth stuck close to Boaz’s young women and gleaned until the completion of the barley harvest and the wheat harvest, and she lived with her mother-in-law.


  1. Ruth 1:1 The judges served not only as judicial officials but also as military deliverers.
  2. Ruth 1:1 Or live as an alien
  3. Ruth 1:1 Literally the field. In Ruth the word field is a key term, which is used in various senses throughout the book.
  4. Ruth 1:6 When God visits people, he comes to bring blessing or correction. Here, obviously, it is blessing.
  5. Ruth 1:8 Or faithfulness
  6. Ruth 1:9 Or rest
  7. Ruth 1:11 Literally do I still have sons in my womb
  8. Ruth 1:17 Literally may the Lord do all this to me and even more. This is an oath with the specific curse left unstated.
  9. Ruth 1:17 Or even death
  10. Ruth 1:20 Naomi means pleasant; Mara means bitter.
  11. Ruth 1:21 Or has afflicted me
  12. Ruth 1:22 March or April
  13. Ruth 2:1 Or acquaintance
  14. Ruth 2:1 The same Hebrew expression includes the meanings wealthy and generous.
  15. Ruth 2:2 Gleaning was a custom that allowed poor people to follow the harvesters and to pick up any grain that had been missed or had been dropped by the harvesters. See Deuteronomy 24:19.
  16. Ruth 2:7 Literally house. The Hebrew of the verse is difficult, and translations vary in their understanding.
  17. Ruth 2:8 Daughter is a cordial term, but it also indicates that the person addressed has a lower social status than the speaker does. It may also indicate a difference of age.
  18. Ruth 2:8 Boaz’s men were cutting the grain, and his women were gathering it. By receiving permission to be right with Boaz’s women, Ruth was placed into an advantageous position for gleaning.
  19. Ruth 2:14 In days before pasteurization and refrigeration, sweet wine quickly became sour. This sour wine was the daily beverage of workers and soldiers. When it was too sour to drink, it was vinegar.
  20. Ruth 2:17 Literally about an ephah, which is about ⅔ of a bushel. This may be about thirty pounds, though estimates of the weight of an ephah vary greatly.
  21. Ruth 2:20 Or mercy
  22. Ruth 2:20 Or who has not withdrawn his kindness to
  23. Ruth 2:20 The redeemer (Hebrew goel) was a kind of guardian who gave legal and financial support to less-well-off relatives. The goel also served as the avenger of blood.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 24

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 24

1 Peter 5

Through My Bible – June 24

1 Peter 5 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Admonition to Elders

1 Therefore, as a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and as one who also shares in the glory that is about to be revealed, I appeal to the elders among you: Shepherd God’s flock that is among you, serving as overseers, not grudgingly but willingly, as God desires, [1] not because you are greedy for money but because you are eager to do it. Do not lord it over those entrusted to your care, but be examples for the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive an unfading crown of glory.

Final Exhortations

Likewise, young men, be submissive to those who are older. [2] And all of you, clothe yourselves with humility [3] toward one another. For “God opposes the proud, but he gives grace to the humble.” [4]

Therefore humble yourselves under God’s powerful hand so that he may lift you up at the appointed time. [5] Cast all your anxiety on him, because he cares for you. Have sound judgment. Be alert. Your adversary, [6] the Devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, looking for someone to devour. Resist him by being firm in the faith. You know that the same kinds of sufferings are being laid on your brotherhood [7] all over the world.

10 After you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace, who called you into his eternal glory in Christ Jesus, will himself restore, establish, strengthen, and support you. 11 To him be the glory and [8] the power forever and ever. Amen.

Final Greetings

12 I have written to you briefly (through Silas, [9] whom I consider a faithful brother), to encourage you and to testify that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it. 13 She who is in Babylon, who was chosen along with you, greets you. So does Mark, my son. 14 Greet one another with a kiss of love.

Peace to all of you who are in Christ Jesus. [10]


  1. 1 Peter 5:2 Some witnesses to the text omit as God desires.
  2. 1 Peter 5:5 Or the elders
  3. 1 Peter 5:5 A few witnesses to the text add while yielding.
  4. 1 Peter 5:5 Proverbs 3:34
  5. 1 Peter 5:6 A few witnesses to the text read at the time he visits us.
  6. 1 Peter 5:8 Some witnesses to the text read Be alert because your enemy.
  7. 1 Peter 5:9 Or family of believers
  8. 1 Peter 5:11 A few witnesses to the text omit the glory and.
  9. 1 Peter 5:12 Silvanus in Greek
  10. 1 Peter 5:14 Some witnesses to the text omit Jesus.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 23

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 23

1 Peter 4:7-19

Through My Bible – June 23

1 Peter 4:7-19 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Peter 4

Love for Others in the End Times

The end of all things is near. So have sound judgment and be self-controlled for the sake of your prayers. Above all, love each other constantly, because love covers a multitude of sins. Be hospitable to one another without complaining.

Gifts Meant for Service

10 Serve one another, each according to the gift he has received, as good stewards of the many forms of God’s grace. 11 If anyone speaks, let him do it as one speaking the messages of God. If anyone serves, let him do it as one serving with the strength God supplies so that God may be glorified in every way through Jesus Christ. To him belong the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen.

Sharing in the Sufferings of Christ

12 Dear friends, do not be surprised by the fiery trial that is happening among you to test you, as if something strange were happening to you. 13 Instead rejoice whenever you are sharing in the sufferings of Christ, so that you may rejoice and be glad when his glory is revealed.

14 If you are insulted in connection with the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory [1] and of God rests on you. [2] 15 Make sure that none of you suffers as a murderer, a thief, a criminal, or as a meddler. 16 But if you suffer for being a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God in connection with this name. [3] 17 For the time has come for judgment to begin with the household of God. Now if it begins with us, what will be the end for those who disobey the gospel of God? 18 And if it is hard for the righteous to be saved, where will the ungodly sinner end up? 19 So let those who suffer according to the will of God entrust their souls to their faithful Creator while doing what is good.


  1. 1 Peter 4:14 Some witnesses to the text add and of power.
  2. 1 Peter 4:14 Some witnesses to the text add They blaspheme him, but you glorify him.
  3. 1 Peter 4:16 Some witnesses to the text read in this matter.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 22

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 22

1 Peter 3:13 – 4:6

Through My Bible – June 22

1 Peter 3:13 – 4:6 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Peter 3

Suffering for Doing Good

13 Who will harm you if you are eager to do [1] what is good? 14 But even if you should happen to suffer because of righteousness, you are blessed. Do not be afraid of what they fear, [2] and do not be troubled. 15 But regard the Lord, the Christ, [3] as holy in your hearts. [4] Always be prepared to give an answer [5] to everyone who asks you to give a reason for the hope that is in you. 16 But speak with gentleness and respect, while maintaining a clear conscience, so that those who attack your good way of life in Christ may be put to shame because they slandered you as evildoers. [6]

The Suffering and Exaltation of Christ

17 Indeed, it is better, if it is God’s will, to suffer for doing good than for doing evil, 18 because Christ also suffered once for sins in our place, [7] the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you [8] to God. He was put to death in flesh [9] but was made alive in spirit, [10] 19 in which he also went and made an announcement to the spirits in prison. 20 These spirits disobeyed long ago, when God’s patience was waiting in the days of Noah while the ark was being built. In this ark a few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water. 21 And corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the body but the guarantee [11] of a good conscience before God through the resurrection of Jesus Christ. 22 He went to heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers made subject to him.

Do Not Join in Immorality

1 Peter 4

Therefore, because Christ suffered in flesh, [12] arm yourselves with the same mindset, because the one who has suffered in flesh is done with sin. Do this so that you no longer live the rest of your time in the flesh for human desires but for God’s will. Indeed, you have already spent enough time in the past doing what the Gentiles want to do: living in unbridled immorality, lusts, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and disgusting idolatry.

For this reason, they are surprised that you do not plunge into the same overflowing river of filth with them, and they slander you. They will have to give an account to the one who is ready to judge the living and the dead. In fact, it was for this reason that the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, so that they might be judged the way people are judged in flesh and that they might live the way God lives in spirit.


  1. 1 Peter 3:13 A few witnesses to the text read if you are followers of.
  2. 1 Peter 3:14 Or Do not be afraid of them
  3. 1 Peter 3:15 A few witnesses to the text read God instead of the Christ.
  4. 1 Peter 3:15 See Isaiah 8:12-13.
  5. 1 Peter 3:15 Or to give a defense
  6. 1 Peter 3:16 A few witnesses to the text omit as evildoers.
  7. 1 Peter 3:18 Some witnesses to the text omit in our place.
  8. 1 Peter 3:18 Some witnesses to the text read us.
  9. 1 Peter 3:18 Here flesh is a reference to Christ’s state of humiliation. See Romans 1:3; 1 Timothy 3:16.
  10. 1 Peter 3:18 Here spirit is a reference to Christ’s state of exaltation. See Romans 1:4; 1 Timothy 3:16.
  11. 1 Peter 3:21 Or legal claim, or assurance
  12. 1 Peter 4:1 See the footnote on flesh at 1 Peter 3:18. Some witnesses to the text add for us.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 21

Through My Bible Yr 01 – June 21

1 Peter 3:1-12

Through My Bible – June 21

1 Peter 3:1-12 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

1 Peter 3

Wives and Husbands

1 Wives, in the same way, be submissive to your own husbands, so that even if some do not obey the word, they might be won over without a word by the behavior of their wives, as they observe your respectful and holy behavior. Do not let your beauty be something outward, such as braided hair or wearing gold jewelry or fine clothes. Rather let your beauty be the hidden person of your heart—the lasting beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in God’s sight. In fact, this is also how the holy women of the past who put their hope in God made themselves beautiful. They were submissive to their own husbands, just as Sarah obeyed Abraham and called him lord. [1] You are her daughters if you do what is good and do not fear anything that is intimidating.

Husbands, in the same way, continue to live with your wives with the knowledge that, as the wife, she is the weaker vessel. [2] Also continue to accord them honor as fellow heirs with you of the gracious gift of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.

General Exhortations

Finally, all of you, live in harmony with one another. Show sympathy, brotherly love, compassion, and humility. [3] Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult. Instead, speak a blessing, because you were called for the purpose of inheriting a blessing. 10 Indeed:

Let the one who wants to love life
and to see good days
keep his tongue from evil
and his lips from saying anything deceitful.
11 Let him turn from evil and do what is good.
Let him seek peace and pursue it.
12 For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous,
and his ears are open to their requests.
But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil. [4]


  1. 1 Peter 3:6 Genesis 18:12
  2. 1 Peter 3:7 Weaker vessel is a literal translation. Some understand vessel as a reference to the body (1 Samuel 21:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:4) and to physical weakness. Others understand vessel as a reference to God-given roles (Acts 9:15; 2 Timothy 2:20-21) and to more limited authority. It may include both ideas.
  3. 1 Peter 3:8 A few witnesses to the text read friendliness.
  4. 1 Peter 3:12 Psalm 34:12-16

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.