Through My Bible Yr 01 – March 03

Through My Bible Yr 01 – March 03

Hebrews 11:1-22

Through My Bible – March 03

Hebrews 11:1-22 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 11

Faith

1 Faith is being sure about what we hope for, being convinced about things we do not see. For by this faith the ancients were commended in Scripture. [1]

By faith we know that the universe was created by God’s word, so that what is seen did not come from visible things.

By faith Abel offered a better sacrifice to God than Cain did. By faith he was commended in Scripture as righteous; God testified favorably about his gifts. And by faith he still speaks, even though he is dead.

By faith Enoch was taken up, so that he would not experience death, and he was not found because God took him away. [2] In fact, before he was taken away, he was commended in Scripture as one who “pleased God.” [3] And without faith it is impossible to please God. Indeed, it is necessary for the one who approaches God to believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.

By faith Noah, when he was warned about things that had not been seen before, built an ark, in reverent fear, in order to save his family. By it he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness that is by faith.

By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go to a place that he was going to receive as an inheritance, and he left without knowing where he was going.

By faith he lived as a stranger in the Promised Land, as if it did not belong to him, dwelling in tents along with Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise. 10 For he was looking forward to the city that has foundations, whose architect and builder is God.

11 By faith Abraham also received the ability to conceive children, even though Sarah herself was barren and he was past the normal age, because he considered him faithful who made the promise. [4] 12 And so from one man, and he as good as dead, descendants were born as numerous as the stars in the sky and as countless as the sand along the seashore.

13 One by one, all of these died in faith, without having received the things that were promised, but they saw and welcomed them from a distance. They confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. 14 Indeed, people who say things like that make it clear that they are looking for a land of their own. 15 And if they were remembering the land they had come from, they would have had an opportunity to return. 16 Instead, they were longing for a better land—a heavenly one. For that reason, God is not ashamed to be called their God, because he prepared a city for them.

17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered Isaac. This man, who received the promises, was ready to offer his only son, 18 about whom it was said, “Through Isaac your offspring will be traced.” [5] 19 He reasoned that God also had the ability to raise him from the dead, and in a figurative sense, Abraham did receive him back from the dead.

20 By faith Isaac also blessed Jacob and Esau about things that were going to happen.

21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph’s sons and worshipped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

22 By faith Joseph, as he neared the end of his life, mentioned [6] the Exodus of the sons of Israel and gave instructions about his bones.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 11:2 The Greek term for commended appears six more times in this letter (Hebrews 7:8,17; 10:15; 11:4,5,39). Each time it clearly implies by usage and context that it is referring to testimony in Scripture.
  2. Hebrews 11:5 Genesis 5:24
  3. Hebrews 11:5 Genesis 5:24
  4. Hebrews 11:11 Or By faith Sarah received the ability to conceive children, even though she herself was barren and was past the normal age, because she considered him faithful who made the promise. Some witnesses to the text omit was barren and he.
  5. Hebrews 11:18 Genesis 21:12
  6. Hebrews 11:22 Or remembered




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – March 02

Through My Bible Yr 01 – March 02

Hebrews 10:19-39

Through My Bible – March 02

Hebrews 10:19-39 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 10

Confidence Through Christ

19 Brothers, [1] we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place through the blood of Jesus. 20 It is a new and living way he opened for us through the curtain, that is, his flesh. 21 We also have a great priest over the house of God. 22 So let us approach with a sincere heart, in the full confidence of faith, because our hearts have been sprinkled to take away a bad conscience, and our bodies have been washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold on firmly to the confession of our hope without wavering, since he who promised is faithful.

Do Not Keep On Sinning

24 Let us also consider carefully how to spur each other on to love and good works. 25 Let us not neglect meeting together, as some have the habit of doing. Rather, let us encourage each other, and all the more as you see the Day [2] approaching.

26 For if we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the full knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains any sacrifice for sins. 27 Instead, there is a certain fearful expectation of judgment and a raging fire that is going to consume the enemies of God. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses was put to death without pity, on the basis of the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much greater punishment do you think will be deserved by the person who trampled the Son of God underfoot, who considered insignificant the blood of the covenant, by which he was sanctified, and who insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know the one who said:

Vengeance is mine. I will repay. [3]

And again:

The Lord will judge his people. [4]

31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Endure Suffering Patiently

32 Remember the former days when, after you were enlightened, you patiently endured a great struggle of sufferings. 33 Sometimes you were publicly shamed by insults and persecutions. At other times you became companions of those who were treated this way. 34 Indeed, you also sympathized with those in prison, [5] and when your possessions were seized, you accepted it with joy, because you knew that you yourselves had a better and lasting possession. 35 So do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward. 36 Certainly you need patient endurance so that, after you do God’s will, you may receive what was promised. 37 For in just a little while:

The one who is coming will come and will not delay.
38 And my [6] righteous one will live by faith,
but if he shrinks back,
my soul takes no pleasure in him. [7]

39 Now we are not part of those who shrink back, resulting in destruction, but of those who have faith, resulting in the soul’s salvation.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 10:19 When context indicates it, the Greek word for brothers may refer to all fellow believers, male and female.
  2. Hebrews 10:25 Judgment Day
  3. Hebrews 10:30 Deuteronomy 32:35. Some witnesses to the text add says the Lord.
  4. Hebrews 10:30 Deuteronomy 32:36; Psalm 135:14
  5. Hebrews 10:34 Some witnesses to the text read with my chains.
  6. Hebrews 10:38 Some witnesses to the text read the.
  7. Hebrews 10:38 Habakkuk 2:3-4




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – March 01

Through My Bible Yr 01 – March 01

Hebrews 10:1-18

Through My Bible – March 01

Hebrews 10:1-18 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 10

Animal Sacrifices Are Not Sufficient

1 In fact, the law is only a shadow of the good things to come, not the actual realization of those things. It will never be able to make perfect those who continually offer the same sacrifices year after year. If it could do this, would they not have stopped bringing sacrifices, because the worshippers, once they were cleansed, would no longer have a bad conscience about sins? Instead, these sacrifices reminded them of their sins year after year. The fact is that the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away sins.

Therefore when he entered the world, Christ said:

Sacrifice and offering you did not desire,
but you prepared a body for me.
You were not pleased
with burnt offerings and sin offerings.
Then I said, “Here I am.
I have come to do your will, God.
In the scroll of the book it is written about me.” [1]

First he said:

Sacrifices and offerings that were offered according to the law,
both burnt offerings and sin offerings,
you did not desire,
and you were not pleased with them. [2]

Then he said:

Here I am.
I have come to do your will. [3]

He does away with the first in order to establish the second. 10 By this will, we have been sanctified once and for all, through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ.

Christ’s Sacrifice Is Sufficient

11 In the one case, every priest stood ministering day after day, offering the same sacrifices again and again, which are never able to remove sin. 12 In the other case, this priest, after he offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God. 13 Since then he has been waiting until his enemies are made a footstool under his feet. 14 By only one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being sanctified.

15 The Holy Spirit also testifies in Scripture [4] to us, for first he said:

16 This is the covenant I will make with them
after those days, says the Lord.
I will put my laws on their hearts
and I will write them on their mind. [5]

17 Then he adds:

And I will not remember their sins and their lawlessness any longer. [6]

18 Now where these sins are forgiven, there is no longer any sacrifice for sin.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 10:7 Psalm 40:6-8
  2. Hebrews 10:8 A paraphrase of Psalm 40:6
  3. Hebrews 10:9 Psalm 40:7. Some witnesses to the text add O God.
  4. Hebrews 10:15 The Greek term for testifies appears six more times in this letter (Hebrews 7:8,17; 11:2,4,5,39). Each time it clearly implies by usage and context that it is referring to testimony in Scripture.
  5. Hebrews 10:16 Jeremiah 31:33
  6. Hebrews 10:17 Jeremiah 31:34




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 28

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 28

Hebrews 9:16-28

Through My Bible – February 28

Hebrews 9:16-28 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 9

16 For where a will [1] exists, it is necessary to establish the death of the one who made the will. 17 For a will takes effect at the time of death, since it is never in force when the one who made the will is still living.

18 For this reason, the first covenant was not ratified without blood. 19 Indeed, after every command was spoken by Moses to all the people, in accordance with the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, [2] with water and scarlet wool and a hyssop branch, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people. 20 He said, “This is the blood of the covenant that God established for you.” [3] 21 In the same way he sprinkled blood on the tent and all the objects for worship. 22 And nearly everything is cleansed with blood according to the law. And, without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness.

One Perfect Sacrifice

23 Therefore, it was necessary that the copies of the things in heaven be cleansed by these sacrifices, but it was necessary that the heavenly things themselves be cleansed with sacrifices better than these. 24 For Christ did not enter a handmade sanctuary, a representation of the true sanctuary. Instead, he entered into heaven itself, now to appear before God on our behalf. 25 And he did not enter to offer himself many times, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place year after year with blood that is not his own. 26 Otherwise he would have needed to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now he has appeared once and for all, at the climax of the ages, in order to take away sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27 And, just as it is appointed for people to die only once and after this comes the judgment, 28 so also Christ was offered only once to take away the sins of many, and he will appear a second time—without sin—to bring salvation to those who are eagerly waiting for him.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 9:16 Or testament (referring to a last will and testament); the Greek diatheke can be translated covenant or testament or will, depending on the context.
  2. Hebrews 9:19 A few witnesses to the text omit and of goats.
  3. Hebrews 9:20 Exodus 24:8




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 27

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 27

Hebrews 9:1-15

Through My Bible – February 27

Hebrews 9:1-15 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 9

The Earthly Tent

1 The first covenant had regulations for worship and for an earthly sanctuary. The first room of the tent was furnished with the lampstand, the table, and the Bread of the Presence. [1] This room was called the Holy Place. And behind the second curtain was the room of the tent called the Most Holy Place. It had the golden censer for incense [2] and the Ark of the Covenant, which was covered entirely with gold. Inside the Ark was the golden jar holding the manna, Aaron’s staff that had sprouted buds, and the stone tablets of the covenant. Above the Ark, the glorious cherubim overshadowed the atonement seat. We are not going to talk about these things in detail now.

After these things had been furnished in this way, the priests would always enter the first room of the tent to perform their ministries. But only the high priest would enter the second section of the tent, once each year, and not without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people committed in ignorance. By this the Holy Spirit indicates that, while the first room of the tent existed, a way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed.

This tent is a picture pointing to the present time. Since it is only a picture, the gifts and sacrifices that are brought there are not able to clear the conscience of the worshipper. 10 They are only bodily regulations about foods, drinks, and various washings, which were in force until the time of the new order.

Jesus’ Blood

11 But when Christ appeared as the high priest of the good things that were coming, [3] he went through the greater and more complete tent, which was not made by human hands (that is, it is not part of this creation). 12 He entered once into the Most Holy Place and obtained eternal redemption, not by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood. 13 Now if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkled on those who were unclean, sanctifies them so that their flesh is clean, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, cleanse our [4] consciences from dead works, so that we worship the living God?

15 For this reason, he is the mediator of a new covenant. A death took place as payment for the trespasses committed under the first covenant, so that those who are called would receive the promised eternal inheritance.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 9:2 Traditionally showbread
  2. Hebrews 9:4 Or golden altar of incense. The altar was in front of the Most Holy Place, not in it.
  3. Hebrews 9:11 Some witnesses to the text read that have come.
  4. Hebrews 9:14 Some witnesses to the text read your.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 26

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 26

Hebrews 8

Through My Bible – February 26

Hebrews 8 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

A Better Promise

1 The main point of what we are saying is this: We have the kind of high priest who has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven. He is the minister in the Holy Place, which is the true sanctuary, which the Lord set up, not man. For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices, and for that reason this priest also needed to have something that he offered.

If this priest were on earth, he would not even be a priest, because there are priests [1] who are designated by the law to offer gifts. They serve at a place that is a copy and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary, a place exactly like that about which Moses was told when he was about to complete the tent. [2] For God said, “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown to you on the mountain.” [3]

But now, Jesus has obtained a ministry that is as much superior as the covenant that he mediates is better, because it has been established on the basis of better promises. Indeed, if that first covenant were without fault, there would have been no reason to look for a second. But because God found fault with the people, he said: [4]

Look, the days are coming, says the Lord,
when I will make a new covenant
with the house of Israel
and with the house of Judah.
It will not be like the covenant
that I made with their forefathers
at the time when I took them by the hand
to lead them out of Egypt.
Because they did not remember my covenant,
I ignored them, says the Lord.
10 This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord.

I will put my laws into their mind,
and I will write them on their hearts.
I will be their God,
and they will be my people.
11 Never again will a man teach his fellow citizen [5]
or his brother, saying, “Know the Lord,”
because they will all know me,
from the least of them to the greatest.
12 For I will be merciful in regard to their unrighteousness,
and I will not remember their sins any longer. [6]

13 When God said “new,” he made the first covenant obsolete, and something that is obsolete and growing old is going to disappear.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 8:4 Some witnesses to the text read those.
  2. Hebrews 8:5 Traditionally tabernacle
  3. Hebrews 8:5 Exodus 25:40
  4. Hebrews 8:8 Some witnesses to the text read Since he found fault, he said to them.
  5. Hebrews 8:11 Some witnesses to the text read neighbor.
  6. Hebrews 8:12 Jeremiah 31:31-34




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 25

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 25

Hebrews 7:15-28

Through My Bible – February 25

Hebrews 7:15-28 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 7

15 And this becomes even clearer if another priest arises like Melchizedek, 16 who became a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement about physical descent, but on the basis of the power of an endless [1] life. 17 For it has been testified in Scripture about him:

You are a priest forever, like Melchizedek. [2]

18 To be sure, the former requirement is annulled, because it was weak and useless— 19 for the law did not bring anything to its goal—but now a better hope is introduced, by which we approach God.

20 And something like this did not happen without an oath. Indeed, others who became priests did so without an oath, 21 but this one became a priest with an oath, through the one who said to him:

The Lord has sworn an oath
and will not change his mind:
“You are a priest forever.” [3]

22 In this way, Jesus has become the guarantor [4] of a better covenant. [5]

23 There were many who became priests because death prevented any of them from continuing to remain in office. 24 But because this one endures forever, he has a permanent priesthood. 25 So for this reason he is able to save forever those who come to God through him, because he always lives to plead on their behalf.

Jesus Is the High Priest We Need

26 This is certainly the kind of high priest we needed: one who is holy, innocent, pure, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices on a daily basis, first for his own sins and then for the sins of the people. In fact, he sacrificed for sins once and for all when he offered himself. 28 For the law appoints as high priests men who have weaknesses. But the word of the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been brought to his goal forever.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 7:16 Or indestructible
  2. Hebrews 7:17 Psalm 110:4
  3. Hebrews 7:21 Psalm 110:4. Some witnesses to the text add like Melchizedek.
  4. Hebrews 7:22 A guarantor is someone who guarantees to pay for another person’s debt.
  5. Hebrews 7:22 The Greek term translated covenant (diatheke) can also be translated testament or will, depending on the context.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 24

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 24

Hebrews 7:1-14

Through My Bible – February 24

Hebrews 7:1-14 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 7

A Priest Forever

1 This Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, is the one who met Abraham as he was returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, [1] and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. [2] First, Melchizedek means “king of righteousness,” and then “king of Salem,” which is “king of peace.” He is without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, and resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever.

Consider how great this man was. Even Abraham, the patriarch, gave him a tenth from the best of the spoils. According to the law, those sons of Levi who received the priesthood have a command to collect a tenth from the people, that is, from their brother Israelites, even though they also came from Abraham’s body. But here the one who was not descended from them collected a tenth from Abraham and blessed the one who had the promises. And without any question, it is the lesser who is blessed by the greater.

In the one case, those who are mortal collect the tenth; in the other case, the one who collects has testimony in Scripture [3] that he lives. And, through Abraham, even Levi, who collects the tenth, has paid a tenth, so to speak, 10 because he was still in the body of his forefather when Melchizedek met Abraham.

11 So if everything could have been brought to its goal through the Levitical priesthood (for the people received the law on the basis of that priesthood), what further need was there for another priest to arise who was like Melchizedek, yet not said to be like Aaron? 12 For when the priesthood is changed, by necessity a change in the law also happens. 13 Yet these things are said about the one who belonged to another tribe, from which no one had served at the altar. 14 It is certainly clear that our Lord is descended from Judah. Moses said nothing about priests in connection with that tribe.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 7:1 Genesis 14:17-20
  2. Hebrews 7:2 Genesis 14:20
  3. Hebrews 7:8 The Greek term for has testimony appears six more times in this letter (Hebrews 7:17; 10:15; 11:2,4,5,39). Each time it clearly implies by usage and context that it is referring to testimony in Scripture.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 23

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 23

Hebrews 6:9-20

Through My Bible – February 23

Hebrews 6:9-20 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 6

But even if we speak this way, we are confident of better things for you, dear friends, things belonging to salvation. 10 For God is not unjust. He will not forget your work and the love that you showed for his name’s sake, when you served the saints, and while you continue to serve them. 11 And we want each of you to continue to show the same eagerness, so that you may have the full assurance of your hope until the end. 12 Our goal is that you would not become lazy but imitators of those who inherited the promise through faith and patient endurance.

God’s Promise Is Sure

13 For God made a promise to Abraham, and since God had no one greater to swear by, “He swore by himself.” [1] 14 He said, “I will most certainly bless you and make you increase in number.” [2] 15 And so in this way, after Abraham had waited patiently, he received the promise.

16 To be sure, people swear by someone who is greater, and the oath serves as a confirmation for them that ends all disputes. 17 Because God wanted to show the heirs of the promise with even greater certainty that his plan was unchangeable, he guaranteed his promise with an oath. 18 He did this so that, through two unchangeable things (in which it is impossible that God would lie), we, who have fled for refuge by taking hold of this hope that is held out to us, might have strong encouragement.

19 We have this hope as an anchor for the soul. It is sure and firm, and it goes behind the inner curtain, 20 where Jesus entered ahead of us on our behalf, because he became a high priest forever like Melchizedek.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 6:13 Genesis 22:16
  2. Hebrews 6:14 Genesis 22:17




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 22

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 22

Hebrews 5:11 – 6:8

Through My Bible – February 22

Hebrews 5:11 – 6:8 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 5

Milk or Solid Food

11 We have much to say about this, and it is difficult to explain, because you have become too lazy to listen. 12 In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the beginning principles of God’s word all over again. You have become people who need milk, not solid food. 13 For everyone who lives on milk is not acquainted with the word of righteousness, because he is still an infant. 14 But solid food is for mature people, who have their senses trained by practice to distinguish between good and evil.

Moving On Toward Maturity

Hebrews 6

Therefore, leaving the beginning discussion of Christ, let us press on toward matters that require greater maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, of faith in God, of the teaching about baptisms, [1] of the laying on of hands, of the resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. And we will do this, if God permits.

For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift and shared in the Holy Spirit, who have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the coming age, and who then fell away, to be restored to repentance because [2] they are crucifying the Son of God again, to their own harm, and exposing him to public ridicule.

For the land that drinks the rain that often falls on it and produces plants useful to those farming it, this land receives a blessing from God. But the land that grows thorns and thistles is worthless and will soon be cursed—its end is to be burned.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 6:2 Or washings
  2. Hebrews 6:6 Or while




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 21

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 21

Hebrews 4:14 – 5:10

Through My Bible – February 21

Hebrews 4:14 – 5:10 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 4

Jesus Is Our High Priest

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest, who has gone through the heavens, namely, Jesus the Son of God, let us continue to hold on to our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are, yet was without sin. 16 So let us approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Our High Priest Is Like Melchizedek

Hebrews 5

To be sure, every high priest is chosen from the people and is appointed to represent the people in the things pertaining to God, so that he may offer gifts, as well as sacrifices, for sins. He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and going astray, since he himself is also weak in many ways. And for this reason he is obligated to offer sacrifices for his own sins, just as he does for the people.

No one takes this honor on himself, but he is called by God, just as Aaron was. In the same way, Christ did not take the glory of becoming a high priest on himself, but God said to him:

You are my Son.
Today I have begotten you. [1]

He also said the same thing in another place:

You are a priest forever, like Melchizedek. [2]

In the days of his flesh, [3] he offered prayers and pleas with loud cries and tears to the one who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence. Although he was the Son, he learned obedience from the things he suffered. After he was brought to his goal, he became the source of eternal salvation for everyone who obeys him, 10 because he was designated by God as a high priest, like Melchizedek.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 5:5 Psalm 2:7
  2. Hebrews 5:6 Psalm 110:4
  3. Hebrews 5:7 This refers to Christ’s state of humiliation.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 20

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 20

Hebrews 3:7 – 4:13

Through My Bible – February 20

Hebrews 3:7 – 4:13 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 3

Do Not Harden Your Hearts

Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says:

Today, if you hear his voice,
do not harden your hearts
as in the rebellion,
during the time of testing in the wilderness.
Your fathers tested and tried me,
even though they saw my works 10 for forty years.
That is why I was angry with that generation
and said, “In their heart they are always going astray,
and they did not learn my ways.”
11 So I swore an oath in my wrath,
“They will never enter my rest.” [1]

12 Watch out, brothers, so that there is not an evil, unbelieving heart in any of you that turns away from the living God. 13 But encourage one another daily, as long as it is called “today,” so that none of you are hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. 14 For we have become people who share in Christ, if indeed we hold our original confidence firmly until the end. 15 As it is said:

Today, if you hear his voice,
do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion. [2]

16 Who was it who heard and rebelled? Wasn’t it all those who left Egypt, led by Moses? 17 And with whom was God angry for forty years? Surely it was with the ones who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness, wasn’t it? 18 And about whom did he swear an oath that they would not enter his rest, if it wasn’t concerning those who were disobedient? 19 So we see that they were not able to enter because of unbelief.

Some Will Enter God’s Rest

Hebrews 4

Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be fearful that any one of you may be judged to have failed to reach it. In fact, we have had the gospel preached to us, just as they did. But the message they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united in faith with those who did listen. Indeed, we who believe are going to enter his rest.

It happened just as he vowed when he said:

So I swore an oath in my wrath,
“They will never enter my rest.” [3]

And yet his works have been finished since the creation of the world. For somewhere he has spoken about the seventh day in this way:

And God rested on the seventh day from all his works. [4]

And again in this statement:

They will never enter my rest. [5]

Therefore, since it is still the case that some do enter this rest, and yet those who formerly had the gospel preached to them did not enter because of disobedience, God again set a certain day, namely, “today,” when he later said through David, as quoted before:

Today, if you hear his voice,
do not harden your hearts. [6]

For, if Joshua had given them rest, then God would not have spoken later about another day.

So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God. 10 For the one who enters God’s rest also rests from his own work, just as God rested from his work. 11 Therefore, let us make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will fall into the same pattern of disobedience.

12 For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword. It penetrates even to the point of dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow, even being able to judge the ideas and thoughts of the heart. 13 And there is no creature hidden from him, but everything is uncovered and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we will give an account.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 3:11 Psalm 95:7-11
  2. Hebrews 3:15 Psalm 95:7-8
  3. Hebrews 4:3 Psalm 95:11
  4. Hebrews 4:4 Genesis 2:2
  5. Hebrews 4:5 Psalm 95:11
  6. Hebrews 4:7 Psalm 95:7-8




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 19

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 19

Hebrews 3:1-6

Through My Bible – February 19

Hebrews 3:1-6 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Hebrews 3

Christ Is Superior to Moses

1 Therefore, holy brothers, who share in the heavenly calling, focus your attention on Jesus, the apostle and high priest whom we confess. He was faithful to the one who appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in God’s whole house. In fact, Jesus is worthy of greater glory than Moses, in the same way that the builder of a house has more honor than the house. For every house is built by someone, and God is the one who built everything.

Moses was faithful as a servant within God’s whole house by testifying to the things that would be spoken. But Christ is faithful as a Son over God’s house. We are his house, if we hold on firmly [1] to our confidence and the hope about which we boast until the end. [2]

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 3:6 A few witnesses to the text omit firmly.
  2. Hebrews 3:6 A few witnesses to the text omit until the end.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 18

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 18

Hebrews 2

Through My Bible – February 18

Hebrews 2 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Pay Attention to God’s Word

1 Therefore, we need to pay even more attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away. For if the message that was spoken through angels [1] was valid, and every transgression and disobedient act received a just punishment, how will we escape if we ignore such a great salvation? First the message was spoken by the Lord; then it was confirmed to us by those who heard him. God also testified to it with signs and wonders, various miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to his will.

God Put Everything Under His Control

For God did not place the coming world, about which we are speaking, under the control of angels. But there is a place where someone has testified:

What is man that you remember him,
or the Son of Man [2] that you look after him?
You made him lower than the angels for a little while. [3]
You crowned him with glory and honor. [4]
You put everything in subjection under his feet. [5]

Indeed, in putting everything in subjection to him, God left nothing that is not in subjection to him. At the present time, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him. But we look to Jesus (the one who was made lower than the angels for a little while, so that by God’s grace he might taste death for everyone), now crowned with glory and honor, because he suffered death.

A Merciful and Faithful High Priest

10 Certainly it was fitting for God (the one for whom and through whom everything exists), in leading many sons to glory, to bring the author of their salvation to his goal through sufferings. 11 For he who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified all have one Father. For that reason, he is not ashamed to call them brothers. [6] 12 He says:

I will declare your name to my brothers.
Within the congregation I will sing your praise. [7]

13 And again:

I will trust in him. [8]

And again:

Here I am and the children God has given me. [9]

14 Therefore, since the children share flesh and blood, [10] he also shared the same flesh and blood, so that through death he could destroy the one who had the power of death (that is, the Devil) 15 and free those who were held in slavery all their lives by the fear of death. 16 For surely he was not concerned with helping angels but with helping Abraham’s offspring. [11] 17 For this reason, he had to become like his brothers in every way, in order that he would be a merciful and faithful high priest in the things pertaining to God, so that he could pay [12] for the sins of the people. 18 Indeed, because he suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 2:2 See Deuteronomy 33:2; Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19.
  2. Hebrews 2:6 Or son of man
  3. Hebrews 2:7 Or You made him a little lower than the angels
  4. Hebrews 2:7 Some witnesses to the text add and you placed him over the works of your hands.
  5. Hebrews 2:8 Psalm 8:4-6 English; Psalm 8:5-7 Hebrew
  6. Hebrews 2:11 When context indicates it, the Greek word for brothers may refer to all fellow believers, male and female.
  7. Hebrews 2:12 Psalm 22:22
  8. Hebrews 2:13 Isaiah 8:17
  9. Hebrews 2:13 Isaiah 8:18
  10. Hebrews 2:14 Literally blood and flesh
  11. Hebrews 2:16 Literally seed
  12. Hebrews 2:17 Or atone




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 17

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 17

Hebrews 1

Through My Bible – February 17

Hebrews 1 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

God Speaks to Us By His Son

1 In the past, God spoke to our forefathers by the prophets at many times and in many ways. In these last days, he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact imprint of the divine nature. He sustains all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, [1] he took his seat at the right hand of the Majesty on high.

The Son Is Superior to the Angels

The Son became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs. For to which of the angels did God ever say:

You are my Son. Today I have begotten you? [2]

And again:

I will be his Father, and he will be my Son. [3]

And again, when he brought his firstborn into the world, he said:

Let all God’s angels worship him. [4]

About the angels he says:

He makes his messengers winds and his ministers flaming fire. [5]

But about the Son he says:

God, your throne is forever and ever,
and the scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.
Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of joy
    beyond your companions. [6]

10 And he says:

In the beginning, Lord, you laid the foundation of the earth,
and the heavens are the works of your hands.
11 They will perish, but you remain.
They will all become old like a garment.
12 You will roll them up like a robe,
and they will be changed like a garment. [7]
But you are the same,
and your years will never end. [8]

13 To which of the angels has he ever said:

Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool under your feet? [9]

14 Are not all angels ministering spirits sent out to serve for the benefit of those who are going to inherit salvation?

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 1:3 Some witnesses to the text add by himself. (“Witnesses to the text” mentioned in footnotes may include Greek manuscripts, lectionaries, translations, and quotations in the church fathers.)
  2. Hebrews 1:5 Psalm 2:7
  3. Hebrews 1:5 2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 17:13
  4. Hebrews 1:6 Deuteronomy 32:43 (Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint); Psalm 97:7
  5. Hebrews 1:7 Psalm 104:4
  6. Hebrews 1:9 Psalm 45:6-7
  7. Hebrews 1:12 Some witnesses to the text omit like a garment.
  8. Hebrews 1:12 Psalm 102:25-27
  9. Hebrews 1:13 Psalm 110:1




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 16

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 16

Leviticus 27

Through My Bible – February 16

Leviticus 27 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Votive Offerings and Dedicated Things

1 The Lord spoke to Moses: “Speak to the Israelites and say this to them.”

When a person makes a special vow to the Lord which is based on the value of different classes of people, the set value of a male from twenty years to sixty years of age is fifty shekels of silver, using the sanctuary shekel as the standard. If it is a female, the value is thirty shekels. If the age is from five years to twenty years, the value is twenty shekels for a male and ten shekels for a female. If the age is from one month to five years, the value for the male is five shekels of silver, while the value for the female is three shekels of silver. If the age is sixty years or over, the value is fifteen shekels for a male and ten shekels for a female. But if anyone making a dedication is too poor to pay that standard value, he shall appear before the priest with the dedicated person, and the priest shall assess a substitute valuation for the person. The priest shall assess a value on the basis of what the person who has made the vow can afford.

If what is vowed is livestock which is acceptable as an offering to the Lord, anything that a person dedicates to the Lord is set apart as holy. 10 He may not exchange it or substitute another for it, either good for bad, or bad for good. If he substitutes one animal for another, both the animal and its substitute are set aside as holy. 11 If what has been vowed is any kind of unclean livestock, which may not be presented as an offering to the Lord, he shall present the animal before the priest 12 so that the priest may assess it. Whatever value is set by the priest, whether high or low, will be binding. 13 But if he does indeed redeem it, he must add one-fifth to its value.

14 When a person dedicates his house as holy to the Lord, the priest shall assess it. Whatever value the priest assesses, whether high or low, will be binding. 15 But if the person who has dedicated his house redeems it, he must add one-fifth to its value in silver, so that it belongs to him again.

16 If a person dedicates any field from his family property to the Lord, its value shall be based on how much seed is needed to sow it. Land sown by six bushels [1] of barley seed is worth fifty shekels of silver. 17 If he dedicates his field during the year of Jubilee, its value stands as stated, 18 but if he dedicates his field after the Jubilee, the priest shall recalculate its value in silver based on the number of years that are left until the next year of Jubilee, and that much will be deducted from the value. 19 If the person who dedicated the field redeems it, he must add one-fifth to its value in silver, so that it may be returned to him. 20 But if he does not redeem the field but has sold the field to another person, it may no longer be redeemed. 21 When the field is released on the Jubilee, it will be set aside as holy. It belongs to the Lord as a dedicated field. It belongs to the priest as his holding.

22 If someone dedicates to the Lord a field he has purchased that is not part of his family landholding, 23 the priest shall calculate the amount of value until the year of Jubilee, so that he may pay the value on that day as something holy to the Lord. 24 In the year of Jubilee, the field shall return to the person from whom the donor bought it, to the one to whom the landholding originally belonged. 25 Every value shall be based on the sanctuary shekel, which has twenty gerahs to the shekel. [2]

26 However, no one may dedicate a firstborn from the livestock that has already been designated for the Lord as a firstborn, whether it is a head of cattle or a sheep or a goat. It already belongs to the Lord. 27 But if it is one of the unclean livestock, he may buy it back at its set value plus one-fifth. If it is not redeemed, it may be sold at its set value.

28 However, if anyone devotes anything that belongs to him to the Lord unconditionally, whether it is a human being or livestock or any part of his landholding, it may not be sold and may not be redeemed. Everything devoted unconditionally is most holy to the Lord.

29 Any person who has been devoted to destruction may not be ransomed. He must certainly be put to death.

30 But every tithe from the land, whether from the seed of the land or from the fruit of the trees, belongs to the Lord. It is holy to the Lord. 31 If anyone redeems any of his tithe, he must add one-fifth to it. 32 The tithe from the herd or the flock, that is, every tenth animal that passes under the staff of the shepherd, shall be set apart as holy to the Lord. 33 The donor must not sort out the good from the bad, and he must not make any substitutions for it. If he makes a substitution for it, then both the first animal and its substitute shall be set apart as holy. It cannot be redeemed.

34 These are the commandments that the Lord commanded Moses for the people of Israel at Mount Sinai.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 27:16 A homer. A bushel of grain weighs about fifty pounds.
  2. Leviticus 27:25 The exact value of most ancient weights and measures is uncertain. A shekel is about 10 to 12 grams or .4 to .5 ounce, with the sanctuary shekel being slightly larger than the common shekel. The sanctuary likely had its own set of official weights.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 15

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 15

Leviticus 26

Through My Bible – February 15

Leviticus 26 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Promises and Warnings

1 You shall not make gods that are really not gods for yourselves, and you shall not set up an image or a sacred memorial stone for yourselves, and you shall not set up a carved stone relief in your land to bow down to it, for I am the Lord your God. You shall observe my Sabbaths and revere my sanctuary. I am the Lord.

If you walk according to my regulations and keep my commandments and carry them out, I will give you rains in their season, so that the land will yield its produce and the trees in the farmland will yield their fruit. Threshing will last until the grape harvest, and the grape harvest will last until the time for sowing. You will eat your food until you are full, and you will live securely in your land.

I will give peace in the land so that you may lie down without anyone frightening you. I will eliminate ferocious animals from the land, and no sword will pass through your land. You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall before you by the sword. Five of you will pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you will pursue ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword.

I will look on you with favor, and I will make you fruitful and will multiply you, and I will keep my covenant with you. 10 You will eat grain from previous harvests, grain long stored, until you remove the old grain to make room for the new. 11 I will place my Dwelling in your midst, and I will not at all detest you. 12 I will walk about in your midst, and I will be your God, and you will be my people. 13 I am the Lord your God, who freed you from the land of Egypt so that you would not be slaves to them. I broke the bars of your yoke so that I could make you walk upright.

14 But if you will not listen to me and do not obey all these commandments, 15 if you reject my regulations and you detest my ordinances so much that you do not obey all my commandments, so that you break my covenant, 16 I in turn will do this to you: I will inflict upon you panic, wasting disease, and fever, which will cause your eyes to fail and your vitality to slip away. You will sow your seed but get no return, for your enemies will eat it. 17 I will set my face against you. You will be beaten by your enemies, and those who hate you will rule over you. You will flee, even though nobody is pursuing you.

18 If, despite these things, you will not listen to me, I will go on to discipline you seven times for your sins. 19 I will break your proud strength and make your sky like iron and your land as hard as bronze, 20 so that your strength will be exhausted without accomplishing anything. Your land will not yield its produce, and the trees on the land will not yield their fruit.

21 If you still remain hostile to me and you are not willing to listen to me, I will multiply the plague against you seven times more according to your sins. 22 I will send against you the wild animals so that they will deprive you of your children and cut off your livestock. They will make you so few that your roads will be deserted.

23 If in spite of all these things you still refuse to be disciplined by me, and you remain hostile to me, 24 I will also remain hostile to you. I will strike you seven times more for your sins. 25 I will bring a sword on you to avenge the covenant. If you withdraw into your towns, I will send an epidemic among you, so that you will be delivered into the hand of the enemy. 26 When I break your supply of bread, ten women will bake your bread in a single oven. They will have to ration [1] your bread, and though you eat, you will not be satisfied.

27 But if, in spite of all this, you will not listen to me and remain hostile to me, 28 I will remain hostile to you in anger. I myself will discipline you seven times as much for your sins. 29 You will eat the flesh of your sons, and you will eat the flesh of your daughters. 30 I will destroy your high places, [2] cut down your incense burners, and place your corpses on the corpses of your filthy idols. With all my heart I will detest you. 31 I will turn your towns into a wasteland and make your holy places desolate, and I will not smell the pleasing aroma of your sacrifices. 32 I myself will make your land so desolate that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled at it, 33 while I scatter you among the nations and unsheathe my sword against you. Then your land will be a desolation, and your towns will be a wasteland.

34 The land will then enjoy its sabbaths during all the days of its desolation, while you are in the land of your enemies. Yes, the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths. [3] 35 All the days when it is desolate it will rest, because it did not rest on your sabbaths when you lived there. 36 As for those of you who survive, I will bring despair into their hearts in the lands of their enemies, so that the sound of a scattered leaf will scare them away. They will flee as though fleeing from a sword, and they will fall though no one is pursuing them. 37 Each of them will stumble over his brother, as if from a sword, even though no one is pursuing him. You will have no power to stand against your enemies, 38 and you will perish among the nations. The land of your enemies will devour you. 39 Those of you who survive will rot away in the lands of your enemies because of their guilt. They will rot away because of the guilt of their ancestors. 40 They will confess their guilt and the guilt of their ancestors because of the unfaithfulness that they committed against me, and also because they remained hostile to me. 41 So I in turn became hostile to them, and I brought them into the land of their enemies. So their uncircumcised hearts will then be humbled, and they will then accept the punishment for their guilt.

42 Then I will remember my covenant with Jacob. I will remember also my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham as well. I will remember the land.

43 The land will be empty of them, so that in its desolation it may enjoy its sabbaths without them, while they suffer punishment for their guilt, because, and only because, they rejected my ordinances and they detested my statutes with all their heart.

44 Yet, for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, and I will not detest them so much that I exterminate them. I will not annul my covenant with them, for I am the Lord their God. 45 I will remember in their favor the covenant to be their God that I made with their first generation, whom I freed from the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations. I am the Lord.

46 These are the regulations, the ordinances, and the laws [4] that the Lord instituted between himself and the people of Israel at Mount Sinai through Moses.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 26:26 Literally distribute by weight
  2. Leviticus 26:30 That is, local shrines. Sometimes, but not always, they were located on a high place.
  3. Leviticus 26:34 Its sabbaths here include not only the weekly Sabbath day but also the sabbatical years and jubilee years.
  4. Leviticus 26:46 Or instructions




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 14

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 14

Leviticus 25

Through My Bible – February 14

Leviticus 25 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Sabbatical Years

1 The Lord spoke to Moses at Mount Sinai, “Speak to the Israelites and say this to them.”

When you enter the land that I am giving to you, the land shall observe a sabbath rest for the Lord. For six years you may sow your field, and for six years you may prune your vineyard and gather its produce. But in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of complete rest for the land, a sabbath for the Lord. You shall not sow your field, and you shall not prune your vineyard. You shall not reap the produce that grows by itself from your harvest or gather the grapes from your unpruned vine. It shall be a year of complete rest for the land. The sabbath of the land will, however, provide food for you—for you, for your male slaves and for your female slaves, for your hired workers and for your servants who are living with you temporarily as aliens working for you, for your livestock and for the wild animals which are in your land. You may eat all its produce. [1]

The Jubilee

You shall count off seven weeks of years. Count off seven years seven times, so that the duration of the seven weeks of years is forty-nine years. Then you shall sound loud blasts on the ram’s horn. In the seventh month on the tenth day, on the Day of Atonement, you are to have a ram’s horn sounded throughout your land, 10 so that you may set aside the fiftieth year as holy and proclaim liberty throughout the land for all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you, so that each of you may return to his family property and each of you may return to his clan. 11 The fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee for you. You shall not sow the field, and you shall not reap the grain that grows by itself, and you shall not gather fruit from its unpruned vines. 12 Because it is a Jubilee, it shall be holy for you. You may eat its produce from the field. 13 In this year of Jubilee each of you shall return to his family property.

14 When you sell some land to your countryman, or when you buy land from your countryman, you must not cheat your brother Israelite. 15 When you buy from your countryman, set the price according to the number of years since the last Jubilee. When he sells it to you, he shall set the price according to the number of years of produce left till the next Jubilee. 16 When there are many years left, you shall increase the purchase price. When there are few years left, you shall decrease its purchase price, because what the owner is actually selling to you is the amount of produce. 17 So each of you must not cheat your countryman, but you shall fear your God, for I am the Lord your God.

18 You shall carry out my regulations, and you shall observe my ordinances. You shall carry them out, so that you may live on the land securely. 19 The land will yield its fruit, and you will eat your fill and live securely on it. 20 If you ask, “What will we eat during the seventh year, since we may not sow and we may not gather our produce?” 21 I will command my blessing for you in the sixth year, so that the land will yield enough produce for three years. 22 When you sow in the eighth year, you will still be eating from the sixth year’s crop. You will eat the sixth year’s crop until the ninth year, when its produce comes in.

23 But the land must not be sold without a right to recover it, for the land really belongs to me. You are actually resident aliens under my authority. 24 Therefore, throughout all the land that you possess, you shall grant the right of redemption for the land. 25 When your brother Israelite becomes so impoverished that he has to sell some of the land that he holds, his closest relative shall come and redeem what his brother has sold. 26 When the man who has no close relative prospers and acquires enough for the price to redeem his land, 27 he may calculate the years since he sold it, refund the difference to the man to whom he sold it, and return to his family property. 28 But if he does not acquire a sufficient amount to recover the land for himself, what he has sold shall remain under the control of the one who bought it until the year of Jubilee. It shall become free in the Jubilee, so that the seller may return to his family property.

29 When a man sells a house where he lives in a walled town, his right of redemption shall last until a full year after its sale. The time to redeem it lasts for a year. 30 But if it is not redeemed before the completion of a full year, the house which is in a town which has a wall will belong to its buyer and his descendants. It cannot be reclaimed. It will not be released in the Jubilee. 31 But the houses in the villages that have no wall around them shall be classified as part of the farmland. They have the right of redemption and shall become free in the Jubilee.

32 All the towns of the Levites and the houses in the towns which are their property have a permanent right of redemption. 33 Whatever a Levite is permitted to redeem (such as a house which he sold that had been his property in a city) will become free in the Jubilee, because the houses in the towns of the Levites are their possession among the Israelites. [2] 34 But the pastures and fields around the Levites’ towns may not be sold, for that is their permanent possession.

35 When your fellow Israelite [3] becomes so impoverished that he cannot support himself, [4] help him as you would help a resident alien or a temporary resident. Let him retain his right to work for a livelihood among you. [5] 36 You shall not take advance interest or accrued interest from him, but you shall fear your God and let your brother retain his livelihood with you. 37 You shall not lend him your money for advance interest or your food for accrued interest. 38 I am the Lord your God, who freed you from the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.

39 When your fellow Israelite becomes so indebted to you that he is sold to you, you shall not make him serve as a slave. 40 He shall remain with you as a hired laborer or a temporary resident. He shall work for you until the year of Jubilee. 41 Then he and his children with him will become free from your authority. He shall return to his family home and to his ancestral landholding, 42 for the Israelites are my servants, whom I freed from the land of Egypt. They shall not be sold in a slave sale. 43 You shall not rule over them harshly, but you shall fear your God.

44 You may buy a male slave or a female slave for yourself from the nations around you. 45 You may also buy some of the children of those who reside as aliens among you and some of their extended families who are born in your land, so that they become your property. 46 You may leave them to your children as inherited property. You may make them work as slaves for life. But as for your brothers, the Israelites, each of you must not rule over your brother harshly.

47 If a resident alien living among you prospers, and if your brother Israelite becomes so indebted to him that he is sold to that alien living among you or to that alien’s family, 48 the Israelite who has been sold shall have the right to be redeemed. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle or his cousin may redeem him, or anyone from his immediate family [6] or extended family may redeem him, or if he prospers, he may redeem himself. 50 Together with his buyer, he shall calculate the elapsed time from the year that he was sold until the year of Jubilee, and the price to redeem him shall be based on that number of years. It shall be calculated as if he were a hired laborer. 51 If there are still many years left, he shall pay the price of redemption proportionally to the years that have passed. 52 If only a few years remain until the year of Jubilee, he shall calculate the redemption in this way: He shall pay the price of his redemption on the basis of his years of work, 53 as if he were a worker hired year by year. You shall see to it that the owner does not rule over him harshly. 54 If he has not been redeemed in any of these ways, he and his children with him shall become free in the year of Jubilee, 55 because the Israelites are servants who really belong to me. They are my servants whom I freed from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 25:7 Verses 4-7 seem to forbid harvesting, storing, or selling the natural produce of the land but to allow everyone to eat it freely.
  2. Leviticus 25:33 The Hebrew of the verse is difficult, so translations vary.
  3. Leviticus 25:35 Literally brother
  4. Leviticus 25:35 Literally and his hand slips with you
  5. Leviticus 25:35 The Hebrew of this sentence is difficult, so translations vary.
  6. Leviticus 25:49 Literally flesh




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 13

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 13

Leviticus 24

Through My Bible – February 13

Leviticus 24 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Holy Oil

1 The Lord spoke to Moses:

Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil from beaten [1] olives for the Light so the lamps will be kept burning continually. [2] Aaron shall set the Light before the Lord in the Tent of Meeting, outside the veil which is in front of the Testimony, every night from the evening to the morning. It is a permanent regulation throughout your generations. He shall set the lamps regularly on the pure gold lampstand before the Lord.

The Holy Bread

You shall take fine flour and bake twelve round loaves from it. Each loaf shall be made with four quarts of flour. You shall put them in two stacks, six to each stack, on the pure gold table before the Lord. Upon the stacks you shall place clear frankincense as a memorial portion for the bread. It is a gift of food [3] to the Lord. On every Sabbath day he shall arrange it before the Lord regularly. It is a permanent covenant on behalf of the Israelites. The bread shall belong to Aaron and his sons, who shall eat it in a holy place, for it belongs to him as a most holy thing from the gifts of food to the Lord, a perpetual allotment.

Blasphemy Against the Holy Name

10 A man who was the son of an Israelite woman and of an Egyptian man came along with the Israelites. This son of the Israelite woman fought with another Israelite in the camp. 11 The Israelite woman’s son blasphemed the Name [4] and cursed, so they brought him to Moses. (His mother’s name was Shelomith, daughter of Dibri, belonging to the tribe of Dan.) 12 They put him in custody to wait for a decision from the mouth of the Lord.

13 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 14 “Take the man who cursed outside the camp, and all those who heard it shall lay their hands on his head, and the whole community shall stone him. 15 Then speak to the Israelites: If anyone curses his God, he shall bear his sin, 16 but if anyone blasphemes the name of the Lord, he must certainly be put to death; the whole community must stone him. Whether he is an alien or a citizen, when he has blasphemed the Name, he must be put to death.”

17 “If anyone hits someone and kills him, he must certainly be put to death. 18 But one who strikes and kills an animal must make restitution for it, a life for a life. 19 If anyone injures his fellow citizen, he shall have the same thing done to him as he has done: 20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. As he injured that other person, the same is to be done to him. 21 One who strikes an animal so that it dies shall make restitution for it, but one who strikes a human being and kills him shall be put to death. 22 You shall have the same standard of justice for the alien who lives with you and for the citizen, for I am the Lord your God.”

23 After Moses had spoken this to the Israelites, the man who had cursed was taken outside the camp and stoned to death. The Israelites did as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 24:2 The basic meaning of the Hebrew verb ktt is “beat.” The translation assumes that oil from beaten olives is the highest grade “extra virgin” olive oil from the first crushing or pressing of the olive, done by hand.
  2. Leviticus 24:2 Continually here seems to mean all through the night, every night, as the next verse says, or it may mean that one lamp was always kept burning night and day.
  3. Leviticus 24:7 Elsewhere this word is translated an offering made by fire, a meaning that does not seem to fit the context here.
  4. Leviticus 24:11 The Name refers to the Tetragrammaton, Yahweh, which was usually written and pronounced as Lord (Adonai). Even today Jews often substitute the Name for Lord when they are speaking about God.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 12

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 12

Leviticus 23

Through My Bible – February 12

Leviticus 23 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Calendar of Holy Times

1 The Lord told Moses to speak to the Israelites and to tell them this:

These are the appointed times of the Lord, which you shall proclaim as holy convocations. These are my appointed times:

The Sabbath

On six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there shall be a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work. It shall be a sabbath to the Lord in all the places you live.

These are the appointed times of the Lord, the holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times.

The Festival of Passover

The first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, is the Lord’s Passover, and the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival of Unleavened Bread for the Lord. You shall eat unleavened bread for seven days. On the first day a holy convocation is to be proclaimed for you. You shall not do any work in your regular occupation. You shall present an offering by fire to the Lord for seven days. The seventh day shall be proclaimed as a holy convocation. You shall not do any work for your regular occupation.

The Festival of Firstfruits

The Lord told Moses 10 to speak to the people of Israel and tell them this:

When you enter the land that I am giving to you and you reap its harvest, and when you bring the first sheaf of your harvest to the priest 11 so that he may wave the sheaf before the Lord so that you will be accepted, the priest shall wave it on the day after the Sabbath. 12 On the day that you wave the sheaf, you shall offer as a burnt offering to the Lord a lamb without blemish, one year old. 13 The grain offering accompanying it is to be four quarts [1] of fine wheat flour mixed with oil, a gift to the Lord, a pleasing aroma. The drink offering accompanying it shall be a quart [2] of wine. 14 You shall not eat any of this year’s bread or roasted grain or fresh ears until this very day, until you have brought the offering of your God. This is a permanent regulation throughout your generations in all the places you live.

The Festival of Weeks or Pentecost

15 Then from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you bring the sheaf to be waved, you shall count off seven weeks for yourselves. They must be complete weeks. 16 You shall count fifty days, until you reach the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present an offering of new grain to the Lord. 17 From the places where you live you shall bring two loaves of bread as a wave offering. They shall be made of four quarts of fine wheat flour, baked with yeast, as first ripe produce for the Lord.

18 Then with the bread you shall present seven lambs without blemish, each of them one year old, one young bull from the herd, and two rams—they shall be a whole burnt offering for the Lord, together with their grain offerings and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 19 You shall also present the sin offering with one male goat and the fellowship offering with two one-year-old male lambs. 20 The priest shall wave them, together with the bread from the first ripe produce, as a wave offering before the Lord, in addition to the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.

21 On this very same day you shall make a proclamation. A holy convocation will be proclaimed for you. You shall do no work in your regular occupation. This is a permanent regulation in all the places you live throughout your generations.

22 When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not completely reap the edges of your field or gather the dropped stalks from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the resident alien. I am the Lord your God.

The Festival of the Ram’s Horn [3]

23 The Lord told Moses 24 to speak to the people of Israel:

In the seventh month, on the first of the month, you shall have a complete rest, a memorial celebration with loud blasts of the ram’s horn, proclaimed as a holy convocation. 25 You shall not do any work in your regular occupation, and you shall present a gift made by fire to the Lord.

The Day of Atonement

26 The Lord spoke to Moses:

27 It is the tenth day of this seventh month that is the Day of Atonement. It shall be proclaimed as a holy convocation for you. You shall humble yourselves, [4] and you shall present an offering made by fire to the Lord. 28 You shall not do any work on this special day, [5] because it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29 Indeed, anyone who does not humble himself on this special day will be cut off from his people. 30 Anyone who does any work on this very special day, I will exterminate from the midst of his people. 31 You shall do no work. This is a permanent regulation throughout your generations in all your places where you live. 32 It is a sabbath of complete rest for you. You shall humble yourselves on the ninth day of the month at evening. From that evening until the next evening, you shall observe a sabbath rest.

The Festival of Shelters

33 The Lord told Moses 34 to tell the people of Israel this:

Beginning on the fifteenth day of this seventh month, celebrate the Festival of Shelters [6] for seven days for the Lord. 35 On the first day proclaim a holy convocation. You shall not do any work for your regular occupation. 36 For seven days you shall bring an offering made by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day proclaim a holy convocation for yourselves, and you shall present an offering made by fire to the Lord. This is a closing ceremony. You shall not do any work for your regular occupation.

37 These are the appointed times of the Lord, which you shall proclaim as holy convocations for the presentation of offerings made by fire to the Lord—burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings as commanded for each day. 38 Offer these in addition to the Sabbath offerings of the Lord, in addition to your personal wave offerings, in addition to all your offerings to fulfill a vow, and in addition to all your voluntary [7] offerings that you give to the Lord.

39 Beginning exactly on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, when you go to celebrate the festival of the Lord for seven days as a pilgrim, there shall be a complete sabbath rest on the first day and a complete sabbath rest on the eighth day. 40 On the first day you shall select for yourselves fruit from splendid trees, branches of palm trees, boughs from leafy trees, and willows from by the stream—and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41 Celebrate the festival for the Lord as a pilgrim for seven days each year. This is a permanent regulation throughout your generations. In the seventh month you shall celebrate the festival as a pilgrim. 42 You shall live in temporary shelters for seven days—every native-born person in Israel shall live in shelters— 43 so that your generations may know that I made the people of Israel live in shelters when I brought them out of the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

44 That is what Moses said about the appointed times of the Lord to the people of Israel.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 23:13 Two tenths (of an ephah)
  2. Leviticus 23:13 A fourth of a hin
  3. Leviticus 23:23 Traditionally, this is called the Festival of Trumpets, but trumpets (hatzotzerot) are long metal instruments, not the animal horns (shofar) used to announce this festival. This section, however, does not actually specify the instrument. The text simply says a memorial of blowing. The metal trumpets were, however, used to signal the presentation of sacrifices on festival days.
  4. Leviticus 23:27 This is understood as a reference to fasting and abstaining from other pleasures.
  5. Leviticus 23:28 Or on this very day. Literally in the bone of the day
  6. Leviticus 23:34 That is, small huts. Traditionally it is translated tabernacles.
  7. Leviticus 23:38 Or freewill




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 11

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 11

Leviticus 21 – 22

Through My Bible – February 11

Leviticus 21 – 22 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Protecting the Holiness of the Priests

Leviticus 21

The Lord told Moses to speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and tell them this:

No one shall make himself unclean for a dead person among his people, except for his closest relatives. He may do it for his mother, his father, his son, his daughter, or his brother, and also for his virgin sister, who is close to him because she does not have a husband—for her he may make himself unclean. But he shall not make himself unclean for his relatives by marriage and so defile himself.

The priests shall not cut a bald patch on to their heads or cut off the edges of their beards or gash their bodies. They shall be holy to their God, and they shall not defile the name of their God. Because they present offerings made by fire, [1] the food of their God, they are to be set apart as holy.

They shall not marry a woman who has been a prostitute or is defiled. Neither shall they marry a woman divorced from her husband, for each priest is holy to his God. So you shall treat him as holy. Since he presents the food of your God, he shall be holy to you, for I, the Lord, who sets you apart as holy, am holy.

When the daughter of a man who is a priest defiles herself through prostitution, she is defiling her father. She shall be burned in fire.

10 The high priest, who is greater than his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil has been poured and who has been ordained to wear the holy garments, shall not dishevel his hair nor tear his garments. 11 He shall not enter any place where there is a dead person. He shall not make himself unclean even for his father or his mother. 12 He shall not leave the sanctuary, so that he will not defile the sanctuary of his God, for the mark of consecration with the anointing oil of his God is upon him. I am the Lord.

13 The high priest shall marry a woman who is a virgin. 14 A widow or a divorcée or a woman defiled because of prostitution—these he shall not marry. Instead, he shall take a virgin from his own people as a wife, 15 so that he does not defile his offspring among his people, for I am the Lord, who sets him apart as holy.

Disqualification From Priestly Service

16 The Lord told Moses 17 to tell Aaron this:

Any man from your offspring throughout their generations who has a defect may not approach to present the food of his God. 18 Indeed, any man who has a defect shall not approach—a man who is blind or lame, or who has a limb that is too short or too long, 19 or a man who has a crippled foot or a crippled hand, 20 or who is deformed or abnormally small, or who has a growth in his eye, or a festering boil, or some other disfiguring skin condition, [2] or a damaged testicle. 21 Any man among the offspring of Aaron the priest who has a defect shall not draw near to present the gifts of the Lord. He has a defect, so he shall not draw near to present the food of his God.

22 But he may eat the food of his God from the most holy things and from the holy things. 23 Nevertheless, he shall not go in front of the veil and shall not approach the altar because he has a defect, so that he does not defile my holy things, for I am the Lord, who sets them apart as holy.

24 So Moses spoke to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites.

Eating Holy Food

Leviticus 22

The Lord spoke to Moses: “Tell Aaron and his sons to be very careful with the holy things of the people of Israel, which they consecrate to me, so that they may not defile my holy name. I am the Lord. Tell them these things.”

In future generations, if any man among all your descendants, while he is in a state of uncleanness, approaches the holy things, which the Israelites consecrate to the Lord, that person is to be cut off from my presence. I am the Lord.

Any man of Aaron’s descendants who has an impure skin disease or a bodily discharge shall not eat any of the holy things until he is clean.

Any man who touches anything made unclean by a dead person, or any man from whom an emission of semen goes out, or any man who touches any swarming creature that makes him unclean, or who touches any human being who makes him unclean, whatever his uncleanness might be— that person who touches any of these things will be unclean until sunset and shall not eat any of the holy things unless he has washed his body with water. When the sun has gone down, he will be clean. After that he may eat from the holy things, for it is his food. But he shall not eat anything that has died naturally or been torn by wild animals, and so become unclean by it. I am the Lord.

Aaron’s descendants shall therefore keep watch for me, so that they do not become responsible for sin on account of uncleanness and die for it because they have defiled something holy. I am the Lord, who sets them apart as holy.

10 No person who is not a member of a priest’s family may eat anything holy. No guest or employee of a priest may eat anything holy. 11 But if a priest purchases anyone with his money, that person may eat from it, and those who are born into his household may eat from his food. 12 If a priest’s daughter has a husband who is not a priest, she may not eat any of the holy things that have been donated as an elevated offering. 13 But if a priest’s daughter is widowed or divorced and she has no children and returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat of her father’s food. No person who is not a member of a priest’s family may eat of it.

14 If anyone eats a holy thing unintentionally, he shall add one fifth of its value to it and give the holy thing to the priest.

15 The priests shall not defile the holy things that the Israelites donate as an elevated offering to the Lord 16 by letting other people eat them and so make that person incur the penalty of a restitution offering for the holy things, because I am the Lord, who sets them apart as holy.

Acceptable Offerings for the Israelites

17 The Lord told Moses 18 to speak to Aaron and his sons and the whole people of Israel and tell them this:

Whenever anyone of the house of Israel or any of the aliens residing in Israel presents their offerings—whether it is any kind of offering to fulfill a vow or any kind of voluntary [3] offering, which may be presented to the Lord as a burnt offering— 19 in order for the offering to be accepted it must be a male without blemish, from the cattle or the sheep or the goats. 20 You shall not present any animal with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf.

21 If anyone presents a sacrifice as a fellowship offering to the Lord from the herd or the flock to fulfill a vow or as a voluntary offering, it must be without blemish for it to be accepted on your behalf. There must not be any defect in it. 22 Any animal that is blind, injured, or maimed, with a growth in the eye, a festering boil, or sores—these you shall not present to the Lord. You shall not put any of these on the altar as an offering made by fire to the Lord. 23 You may, however, make a voluntary offering with a head of cattle or with a sheep or goat that has a long or short leg, but it will not be accepted as an offering to fulfill a vow. 24 You shall not present to the Lord any animal that has its testicles bruised or crushed or torn out or cut off. You shall not do this in your land. 25 You shall not present any of these animals from a foreigner as the food of your God. Because they are flawed, with a defect in them, they will not be accepted on your behalf.

26 Then the Lord told Moses this:

27 When a calf or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall remain with its mother for seven days. From the eighth day on, it will be acceptable as an offering that is a gift made by fire to the Lord. 28 But you shall not slaughter a cow or a ewe with her young on the same day.

29 When you offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that you will be accepted. 30 It must be eaten on the same day. You shall not leave any of it over until the morning. I am the Lord.

31 So you shall keep my commandments by doing them. I am the Lord. 32 Therefore you shall not defile my holy name, so that I may be honored as holy among the Israelites. I am the Lord, who sets you apart as holy, 33 who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God. I am the Lord.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 21:6 Or food offerings. Here the Hebrew text has an additional word that specifies that this is a food offering.
  2. Leviticus 21:20 The meaning of this and some of the other terms in this section is uncertain.
  3. Leviticus 22:18 Or freewill




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 10

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 10

Leviticus 19 – 20

Through My Bible – February 10

Leviticus 19 – 20 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Holiness of the Community

Leviticus 19

The Lord told Moses to speak to the whole community of the Israelites and tell them these things:

You shall be holy, because I, the Lord your God, am holy.

Each of you must respect your mother and father and keep my Sabbaths. I am the Lord your God.

You shall not [1] turn to gods that really are not gods. [2] You must not make for yourselves gods cast out of metal. [3] I am the Lord your God.

When you offer a sacrifice that is a fellowship offering to the Lord, you shall offer it so that you will be accepted. It is to be eaten on the day that you offer it or on the next day, but whatever is left over on the third day is to be burned in fire. If it is eaten at all on the third day, it will be regarded as rotten meat. It is not acceptable. Whoever eats it will bear his guilt, because he has desecrated [4] what is holy to the Lord. Any such person will be cut off from his people.

When you reap the harvest from your land, you are not to finish reaping all the way to the edge of the field. Do not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. 10 Do not strip your vineyard clean, and do not pick up the fallen grapes from your vineyard, but leave them for the poor and the alien who live with you. I am the Lord your God.

11 You shall not steal. You shall not swindle. You shall not lie to one another. 12 You shall not swear falsely by my name so that you do not profane the name of your God. I am the Lord.

13 You shall not exploit your neighbor. You shall not rob him. You shall not keep the wages of a day laborer with you overnight until morning.

14 You shall not curse a deaf person, nor shall you put an obstacle in front of a blind person, but you must fear your God. I am the Lord.

15 You shall not act unjustly in court cases. Do not show favoritism to a poor person, and do not show undue honor to an important person. You must judge your fellow citizens with justice.

16 You shall not go around spreading slander among your people. You shall not testify falsely against your neighbor in a capital case. [5] I am the Lord.

17 You shall not hate a fellow Israelite [6] in your heart. You must openly rebuke your fellow citizen so that you do not become responsible for his sin. 18 You must not take revenge. You must not bear a grudge against the members of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am the Lord.

19 You shall keep my regulations. You must not cause two different kinds of livestock to mate together. You must not sow your field with two kinds of seed. You must not wear any clothing made with two kinds of material.

20 If a man lies down with a woman and has an emission of semen, if she is a female slave who has already been designated for another man, but she has not yet been fully ransomed or received her freedom, a hearing shall be held concerning financial compensation, but they are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed. 21 But he must bring his restitution offering to the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting—a ram for restitution. 22 The priest shall perform atonement on his behalf before the Lord with the ram for the restitution offering for his sin that he has committed, so that he may be forgiven for his sin that he has committed.

23 Also when you enter the land and plant any kind of fruit tree, you must cut off its budding fruit as if it were a foreskin. For three years you shall regard the tree and its fruit as uncircumcised. Its fruit shall not be eaten. [7] 24 In the fourth year, all its fruit shall be set aside as a holy offering of praise to the Lord. 25 You may eat its fruit in the fifth year, so that its yield may be increased for you. I am the Lord your God.

26 You shall not eat meat with the blood in it.

You shall not interpret omens, nor shall you perform divination.

27 You shall not round off the hair on the side of your heads, nor shall you disfigure the edge of your beard. 28 You shall not make a gash in your flesh for the dead, nor shall you put tattoos on yourselves. I am the Lord your God.

29 You must not defile your daughter by making her a prostitute, so that the land will not be subjected to prostitution and filled with depravity.

30 You must keep my Sabbaths, and you must revere my sanctuary. I am the Lord.

31 You must not turn to mediums or to spiritists [8] and so become unclean through them. I am the Lord your God.

32 You must rise in the presence of gray hair and show respect in the presence of an elder, so that you fear your God. I am the Lord.

33 When an alien resides with you in your land, you must not mistreat him. 34 You shall treat the alien who resides with you as a fellow citizen. You shall love him as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

35 You shall not use dishonest measurements of weight or volume. 36 Instead you must use an honest scale, honest weights, an honest dry measure, and an honest liquid measure. [9]

I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt; 37 therefore, you shall keep all my requirements and my ordinances and carry them out. I am the Lord.

Penalties for Defiling the Land

Leviticus 20

Then the Lord told Moses to say this to the Israelites:

Any Israelite or any of the aliens who reside in Israel who give any of their children [10] to Molek must certainly be put to death. The people of the land shall stone that person to death. I myself will set my face against that person and cut him off from among his people, because when he gave some of his children to Molek, he made my sanctuary unclean and defiled my holy name. Furthermore, if the people of the land deliberately shut their eyes when that man gives any of his children to Molek, and they do not put him to death, I myself will set my face against that man and against his clan. I will cut off from among their people both that man and all those who join with him in prostituting themselves to Molek.

If any person turns to mediums or to spiritists [11] and prostitutes himself to them, I will set my face against that person and cut him off from among his people.

You shall set yourselves apart, and you shall be holy, for I am the Lord your God. You shall keep my regulations, and you shall put them into practice. I am the Lord, who has set you apart.

Indeed, if anybody curses his father and his mother, he must certainly be put to death. Since he has cursed his father and his mother, his blood is upon him.

10 If a man commits adultery with the wife of another man, if he commits adultery with the wife of his neighbor, [12] both the adulterer and the adulteress must certainly be put to death.

11 If a man lies down with his father’s wife, he has uncovered nakedness that is reserved for his father. Both of them certainly must be put to death. Their blood is upon them.

12 If a man lies down with his daughter-in-law, both of them must be put to death. They have committed an unnatural perversion. Their blood is upon them.

13 If a man lies down with a male as one lies down with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination. They must certainly be put to death. Their blood is upon them.

14 If a man takes [13] a woman and her mother, it is a depraved act. Both he and they shall be burned in fire, so that there may be no depravity among you.

15 If a man gives his emission to an animal, he must certainly be put to death, and you must kill the animal.

16 If a woman approaches any animal to let it mate with her, you shall kill the woman and the animal. They must certainly be put to death. Their blood is on them.

17 If a man takes [14] his sister, the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother, and he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a shameful act. They will be cut off in the sight of their people. He has uncovered his sister’s nakedness. He will bear his guilt.

18 If a man lies down with a woman during her period and uncovers her nakedness, he uncovers her flow, and she uncovers her flow of blood. Both of them will be cut off from the midst of their people.

19 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister or your father’s sister, for that would be uncovering one’s own flesh. They will bear their guilt.

20 If a man lies down with the wife of his father’s brother, he uncovers the nakedness that is reserved for his father’s brother. They shall bear their sin. They will die childless.

21 If a man takes his brother’s wife, it is a polluted act. He has uncovered nakedness that is reserved for his brother. They will remain childless.

22 You shall keep all my regulations and all my ordinances and put them into practice, so that the land to which I am bringing you to live will not vomit you out. 23 You shall not walk according to the religious practices of the nation which I am casting out before you, for I was disgusted with them because they did all these things, 24 so I said to you, “You will take possession of their land. I myself will give it to you to possess, a land flowing with milk and honey. I, the Lord, am your God, who has distinguished you from the other peoples. 25 You shall therefore distinguish the clean animal from the unclean, and the unclean bird from the clean. You shall not make yourselves detestable with an animal or a bird or anything that crawls on the ground that I have distinguished by declaring what is unclean for you. 26 You will be holy to me, for I, the Lord, am holy, and I have distinguished you from the other peoples so that you belong to me.”

27 A man or a woman who is a medium or deals with the spirits of the dead must certainly be put to death. They must be stoned to death. Their blood is on them.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 19:4 In the prohibitions of this chapter the translation uses both the “legal shall” (you shall not) and the alternate construction you must not. In this verse the first and second prohibition use two different Hebrew constructions.
  2. Leviticus 19:4 The word refers either to non-gods or mini-gods.
  3. Leviticus 19:4 Etymologically the word refers to idols cast from metal, but it may refer to idols in general.
  4. Leviticus 19:8 Or profaned
  5. Leviticus 19:16 Literally not stand against the blood of your neighbor
  6. Leviticus 19:17 Literally your brother
  7. Leviticus 19:23 The text speaks of a sort of “circumcision” of trees. Many translations simply ignore the literal meaning of the text here.
  8. Leviticus 19:31 The practice that is forbidden is consulting with mediums or spiritists who claim to be intermediaries able to communicate with the spirits of the dead.
  9. Leviticus 19:36 Literally an honest ephah and hin
  10. Leviticus 20:2 Literally seed. This likely refers to the human sacrifice of children, but the term could refer to semen offerings in some contexts.
  11. Leviticus 20:6 Or to ghosts or spirits
  12. Leviticus 20:10 The Greek text does not have the repetitious phrase. It may have been accidentally copied twice in the Hebrew text.
  13. Leviticus 20:14 The term may refer either to marriage or to sexual intercourse.
  14. Leviticus 20:17 The term may refer either to marriage or to sexual intercourse.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 09

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 09

Leviticus 18

Through My Bible – February 09

Leviticus 18 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Defilement of the Land by Sexual Immorality

1 The Lord spoke to Moses: “Speak to the Israelites and tell them this.”

Encouragement to Obedience

I am the Lord your God.

You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt, where you lived. You shall not do as they do in the land of Canaan, to which I am bringing you. Do not walk in [1] their religious practices. Follow my ordinances and keep my regulations by walking in them. I am the Lord your God. Keep my regulations and my ordinances. Anyone who does them will have life through them. I am the Lord.

Laws Against Incestuous Relationships

No one shall approach his own flesh and blood [2] to uncover their nakedness. [3] I am the Lord.

You shall not uncover the nakedness that is reserved for your father, that is, the nakedness of your mother. She is your mother. You shall not uncover her nakedness.

You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife. It is nakedness that is reserved for your father.

You shall not uncover the nakedness of your half-sister, whether she is your father’s daughter or your mother’s daughter, whether born in the household or outside it.

10 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter. That would be like uncovering your own nakedness.

11 The nakedness of the daughter of your father’s wife, the adopted child [4] of your father—she is your sister—you shall not uncover her nakedness.

12 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister. She has the same flesh as your father.

13 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister, because she is the same flesh as your mother.

14 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother by approaching his wife. She is your aunt.

15 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law. She is your son’s wife. You shall not uncover her nakedness.

16 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife. Her nakedness is reserved for your brother.

17 You shall not uncover the nakedness of both a woman and her daughter. You shall not take [5] her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter and so uncover nakedness that belongs to her. They are her flesh. It is a depraved act.

18 You shall not take a woman and then take her sister as a rival by uncovering her sister’s nakedness during that first wife’s lifetime.

Additional Sexual Laws

19 And you shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness during the period when she is unclean.

20 You shall not give the wife of your fellow citizen your deposit of semen for seed, [6] so that you become unclean with her.

21 You shall not dedicate any of your seed to Molek, [7] thereby defiling the name of your God. I am the Lord.

22 You shall not lie down with [8] a male as you do with a woman. It is an abomination.

23 And you shall not give your emission to any animal, so that you become unclean by it. No woman shall stand in front of an animal to let it mate with her. It is an unnatural perversion.

24 You must not make yourselves unclean in any of these ways, for in all these ways the nations that I am casting out before you have made themselves unclean. 25 In this way the land became unclean, so I have come to deal with its guilt, and the land will vomit out its inhabitants.

26 But you yourselves must keep my regulations and ordinances. You must not practice any of these abominations. This applies both to the native and to the alien who resides among you. 27 Because the people of the land who were there before you practiced all these abominations, the land became unclean. 28 So do not let the land vomit you out for making it unclean, as it vomited out the nation that was there before you. 29 If anyone does any of these abominations, the lives of those who practice them will be cut off from the midst of their people. 30 Keep my instructions. Do not perform any of the abominable [9] practices which were done before you arrived, so that you do not defile yourselves by them. I am the Lord your God.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 18:3 The law codes use three different terms for obedience: walk in, do, and guard or keep the laws.
  2. Leviticus 18:6 Literally shall not draw near to any flesh (sheer) of his flesh (basar). The prohibition includes relationships of blood and marriage.
  3. Leviticus 18:6 This euphemism may include sexual misconduct that falls short of intercourse. See Noah and Ham in Genesis 9.
  4. Leviticus 18:11 An alternate interpretation is followed by many translations: The daughter of your father with another wife is your sister. You shall not uncover her nakedness. But it seems this offense was already covered in verse 9 and that the reference here is to a stepsister.
  5. Leviticus 18:17 This term can refer to marriage or to intercourse.
  6. Leviticus 18:20 Literally to the wife of your fellow citizen you shall not give your laying down or deposit for seed. The meaning of your laying down is uncertain. This particular wording may be intended to exclude surrogate arrangements, so the translation retains a literal rendering. The expression your laying down occurs in 18:23; 19:20; and 20:15 without the mention of seed.
  7. Leviticus 18:21 This sometimes refers to human sacrifice (chapter 20), but in the context of sexual sins it may include some other form of sexual immorality, such as semen dedication.
  8. Leviticus 18:22 The person who lies down with someone initiates sexual relations with another person, most often a man with a woman. Usually this term refers to unlawful relations.
  9. Leviticus 18:30 Or repulsive or disgusting




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 08

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 08

Leviticus 17

Through My Bible – February 08

Leviticus 17 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Use and Misuse of Blood

1 The Lord told Moses to speak to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites and to tell them that this is what the Lord has commanded:

If anyone from the house of Israel slaughters a head of cattle or a sheep or a goat in the camp or slaughters it outside the camp without bringing it to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting ⎣to sacrifice it for a burnt offering or fellowship offering to the Lord to be acceptable as a pleasant aroma, and if anyone slaughters it outside the camp and does not bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting⎦ [1] to present it as an offering to the Lord at the Dwelling of the Lord, guilt for blood will be charged to that man. He has shed blood. That man will be cut off from the midst of his people. This is so that the Israelites will bring the sacrifices that they have been offering in the open country to the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, to the priest. They will sacrifice them as fellowship offerings to the Lord so that the priest may splash the blood against the altar of the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and turn the fat into smoke as a pleasing aroma to the Lord, so that they no longer offer their sacrifices to the goat demons, to which they have been prostituting themselves. This shall be a permanent regulation for them throughout their generations.

Tell them that if anyone from the house of Israel or from the aliens who reside among them offers up a burnt offering or a sacrifice and does not bring it into the entrance to the Tent of Meeting to offer it to the Lord, that man will be cut off from his people.

10 If anyone from the house of Israel or from the aliens who reside among them eats any blood, I will set my face against the person who eats the blood, and I will cut him off from among his people. 11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I myself have given it to you to make atonement for your lives upon the altar, because it is the blood that makes atonement by means of the life. 12 Therefore I have said to the Israelites: None of you shall eat blood, nor shall any alien who resides among you eat blood.

13 If any of the Israelites or any alien who resides among them successfully hunts wild game and takes an animal or a bird that may be eaten, he must pour out its blood and cover it with earth. 14 For the life of all flesh is its blood. It is its life. Therefore I have said to the Israelites: You shall not eat the blood from any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood. Whoever eats it will be cut off.

15 If any person, whether native or alien, eats anything that has died naturally or has been torn by wild animals, he shall wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset. Then he shall be clean. 16 But if he does not wash his clothes and bathe his body, he shall bear his guilt.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 17:4 The words in half-brackets are not in the Hebrew text but are present in the Greek Old Testament. An accidental omission from the Hebrew text may have occurred as the scribe’s eye jumped from one occurrence of Tent of Meeting to another. The repetitiousness of the longer reading is not uncommon in Leviticus.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 07

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 07

Leviticus 16

Through My Bible – February 07

Leviticus 16 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Day of Atonement

1 The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron’s two sons, who had died when they approached the presence of the Lord. The Lord said to Moses, “Tell your brother Aaron that he must not enter into the Holy Place at any time he chooses by going inside the veil which is in front of the atonement seat [1] that is on the ark. This is so that he will not die, for I appear in the cloud over the atonement seat.”

This is how Aaron shall enter the Holy Place: with a bull from the herd for a sin offering and a ram for a whole burnt offering. He is to wear a sacred linen tunic, with linen underwear covering his flesh, with the linen sash as his belt, and with his head wrapped with the linen turban. [2] These are the sacred garments. He must wash his body with water and then put the garments on. From the congregation of the people of Israel he shall also receive two male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a whole burnt offering.

Aaron shall present the bull for his own sin offering, to make atonement for himself and for his household.

He shall take the two male goats and stand them before the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. Aaron is to cast lots for the two goats, one lot marked “for the Lord” and the other lot marked “for the scapegoat.” [3] Aaron shall bring forward the goat that received the lot “for the Lord,” to prepare it as a sin offering, 10 but the goat that received the lot marked “for the scapegoat” is to be kept alive before the Lord, to make atonement upon it [4] in order to send it off into the wilderness as the scapegoat.

11 After Aaron has presented the bull for his sin offering to make atonement for himself and for his household, he shall slaughter the bull for his sin offering. 12 Then he is to take a full pan of glowing coals from the top of the altar, which is before the Lord, and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and bring them inside the veil. 13 He is to put the incense on the fire before the Lord so that the cloud from the incense covers the atonement seat that is over the Testimony, [5] so he will not die. 14 He is to take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger upon the surface of the atonement seat on its east side. [6] He is also to sprinkle some of the blood seven times with his finger in front of the atonement seat.

15 He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering of the people. He is to bring its blood inside the veil and do with its blood as he had done with the blood of the bull. He is to sprinkle it on the atonement seat and in front of the atonement seat. 16 He shall make atonement for the sanctuary to cleanse it from the uncleanness of the Israelites and from their rebellions and all their sins. This is what he shall do for the Tent of Meeting, which dwells in the midst of Israel’s uncleanness. 17 When he enters to make atonement in the sanctuary, no other person may be in the Tent of Meeting until he has come out. In this way he shall make atonement for himself and his household, as well as for the entire assembly of Israel.

18 He shall then come out to the altar that is before the Lord and make atonement for it. He is to take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat and smear it all around the horns of the altar. 19 With his finger he is to sprinkle some of the blood upon it seven times. In this way he is to purify it and set it apart from the uncleanness of the Israelites.

20 When he has finished making atonement to cleanse the sanctuary, the Tent of Meeting, and the altar, he shall present the live goat. 21 Then Aaron shall lay his two hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the guilt of the people of Israel and all their rebellions and all their sins. He is to put them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness in the custody of an appointed man. 22 So the goat will carry all their guilt on itself to a remote, desolate place, and the man will send the goat away into the wilderness.

23 Then Aaron shall enter the Tent of Meeting, take off the special linen garments that he had put on to enter into the sanctuary, and leave them there. 24 He shall bathe his body in water in a holy place and put on his regular garments. Then he shall go out and offer the burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people to make atonement for himself and for the people. 25 He shall turn the fat from the sin offering into smoke on the altar.

26 The man who releases the goat designated as the scapegoat shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water. After that he may re-enter the camp. 27 The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood has been brought in to make atonement in the sanctuary, shall be brought outside the camp. Their hide and flesh and manure are to be burned in fire. 28 The man who burns them is to wash his clothes and bathe his body in water. After that he may re-enter the camp.

29 This shall be a permanent regulation for you: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble yourselves, and you shall not do any kind of work, neither the native-born nor the alien who resides among you. 30 For on this day atonement will be made on your behalf to cleanse you. You will become clean from all your sins in the presence of the Lord. 31 It shall be a sabbath of complete rest, and you shall humble yourselves. It is a permanent regulation. 32 The priest who is anointed and ordained to serve as priest in his father’s place shall make atonement, wearing the linen garments—the sacred garments. 33 He shall make atonement for the Most Holy Place, and he shall make atonement for the Tent of Meeting and for the altar. He shall make atonement on behalf of the priests and all the people of the assembly. 34 This shall be a permanent regulation for you to make atonement for the people of Israel from all their sins once a year.

So Aaron did as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 16:2 The Hebrew kapporet refers to an object that pertains to atonement. The traditional translation mercy seat is based on the translation of Luther, Gnadenstuhl, throne of grace. Luther recognized that the chief function of the kapporet was not to cover the ark, but to serve as the footstool of the Lord.
  2. Leviticus 16:4 The Hebrew word mitznephet has been translated as mitre (KJV) or headdress. It was most likely a turban, as the word for putting it on comes from a Hebrew root meaning “to wrap.” The turban worn by the high priest was larger than the head coverings of the priests and was wound so that it formed a broad, flat-topped turban, resembling the blossom of a flower or a chef’s hat. The head covering of the priests was different, being wound so that it formed a cone-shaped turban, called a migbahat.
  3. Leviticus 16:8 The Hebrew means for azazel. The meaning of azazel is disputed. The phrase probably means for the goat to be sent away.
  4. Leviticus 16:10 Verse 21 explains how atonement is made upon the goat.
  5. Leviticus 16:13 The Testimony is another name for the Ark of the Covenant, which contained the Ten Commandments.
  6. Leviticus 16:14 Or its front side




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 06

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 06

Leviticus 14:33 – 15:33

Through My Bible – February 06

Leviticus 14:33 – 15:33 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Leviticus 14

Purification of Contaminated Houses

33 The Lord spoke these things to Moses and Aaron:

34 When you enter the land of Canaan, which I am giving you as a possession, and I put a contamination of mold [1] on a house in the land that you possess, 35 the owner of the house shall come and tell the priest, “There seems to me to be some sort of contamination in my house.” 36 The priest shall order the house to be cleared before the priest comes to examine the contamination, so that nothing in the house will be declared unclean. After that the priest shall go in to examine the house. 37 If, when he examines the contamination, the contamination on the walls of the house consists of depressions that are bright green or bright red and that appear deeper than the surface of the wall, 38 the priest shall come out of the house to the entrance of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 39 On the seventh day the priest shall return to examine it. If the contamination has spread on the walls of the house, 40 the priest shall order that they rip out the stones with the contamination on them and throw them into an unclean place outside the town. 41 The house must be scraped all around the inside, and they must dump the mud that is scraped off in an unclean place outside the town. 42 They are to take other stones and bring them to replace those stones and other mud to plaster the house.

43 If the contamination breaks out again in the house after the stones have been ripped out and after the house has been scraped and replastered, 44 the priest shall go in to examine it. If the contamination has spread in the house, it is a destructive [2] mold in the house. It is unclean. 45 The house shall be demolished and its stones and timber and all its mud are to be brought out to an unclean place outside the town. 46 Whoever enters the house at any time during its quarantine will be unclean until sunset. 47 Whoever sleeps in the house must wash his clothes, and whoever eats in the house must wash his clothes.

48 If, however, the priest enters and sees that the contamination has not spread in the house after the house was plastered, the priest shall declare the house clean, because the contamination has been cleansed. 49 To purify the house, he shall take two birds, some cedar wood, some scarlet yarn, and some hyssop. 50 He shall slaughter one of the birds in a clay pot over water from a flowing source. 51 He shall take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the scarlet yarn, and the live bird and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the water from a flowing source and sprinkle it on the house seven times. 52 When he has purified the house with the blood of the bird, the water from a flowing source, the live bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the scarlet yarn, 53 he shall release the live bird into the open country outside the town. In this way he shall make atonement for the house, so that it will be clean.

54 This is the law for every infection of skin disease, for rash, 55 for mold on clothing or a house, 56 for discoloration and a scab and a shiny patch— 57 to give instruction about when it is unclean and when it is clean.

This is the law concerning impure skin disease and contamination.

Purification From Bodily Discharges

Leviticus 15

The Lord told Moses and Aaron to speak to the Israelites and to tell them this:

Whenever a man has a discharge flowing from his flesh, [3] that discharge is unclean.

This is the law [4] about how a bodily discharge makes someone unclean: Whether his flesh secretes a discharge or it has a blocked discharge, ⎣he is unclean. As long as his flesh has a discharge or his body blocks a discharge,⎦ [5] this makes him unclean.

Any bedding that the man with a discharge lies on is unclean, and every object on which he sits becomes unclean. Anyone who touches his bedding must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset. Whoever sits on any object on which the man with a discharge sat must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset. Whoever touches the body of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset.

If the man with a discharge spits on someone who is clean, that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset.

Any saddle on which the man with a discharge rides becomes unclean. 10 Everyone who touches anything that was under him will become unclean until sunset, and whoever carries these things must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset. 11 If the man with a discharge touches anyone without washing his hands, that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset. 12 Any clay pottery that the man with a discharge touches must be broken, and any vessel or utensil made of wood must be rinsed with water.

13 When the man with a discharge has been cleansed from his discharge, he shall count off seven days for his process of purification, wash his clothes, and bathe his body in water from a flowing source; then, he will be clean. 14 On the eighth day he shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons and come before the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and give them to the priest. 15 The priest shall present the offering for them—one bird as a sin offering and the other as a whole burnt offering. This is how the priest shall make atonement for the man in the presence of the Lord, from his discharge.

16 When a man has an emission of semen, [6] he must bathe his whole body in water and remain unclean until sunset. 17 Any garment or leather with an emission of semen on it must be washed in water and remain unclean until sunset.

18 Also if a man lies down with a woman and has an emission of semen, they must bathe in water and remain unclean until sunset.

19 When a woman has a discharge of blood from her flesh, her menstrual impurity [7] will last for seven days. Anyone who touches her will remain unclean until sunset. 20 Everything on which she lies during her monthly period is unclean, and everything on which she sits becomes unclean. 21 Anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset, 22 and anyone who touches anything on which she sat must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset. 23 If the uncleanness is on the bed or on anything else on which she is sitting when he touches it, he will become unclean until sunset. 24 And if a man lies down with her, and her menstrual impurity comes in contact with him, he will be unclean for seven days. Any bed on which he lies will be unclean.

25 When a woman has a discharge of blood for many days besides during the time of her monthly period, or when she has a discharge that lasts longer than her monthly period, she will be unclean for as many days as her discharge continues, just as she is during her monthly period. 26 During her discharge any bed on which she lies is to be treated just like the bed during her monthly period, and every piece of furniture on which she sits will be unclean, as it would be during the impurity of her monthly period. 27 Anyone who touches them will become unclean. Any such people must wash their clothes, bathe in water, and remain unclean until sunset.

28 When she is cleansed from her discharge, she shall count off seven days, and after that she will be clean. 29 On the eighth day she shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons for herself and bring them to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 30 The priest shall offer one dove as a sin offering and the other as a whole burnt offering. This is how the priest is to make atonement for her in the presence of the Lord, from the impurity of her discharge.

31 In this way you shall separate the people of Israel from their impurity, so that they do not die in their impurity because they defiled my dwelling place that is in their midst.

32 This is the law for those who have a discharge: for a man who has an emission of semen by which he becomes unclean, 33 for a woman who is not well because of her menstrual period, for anyone, male or female, who has a discharge, and for the man who lies down with a woman who is unclean.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 14:34 This is the same word translated leprosy or skin disease when it refers to the body.
  2. Leviticus 14:44 Or malignant or persistent
  3. Leviticus 15:2 Flesh may be a euphemism for genitals, as it sometimes is elsewhere in the Old Testament. See verses 16 and 19 which clearly refer to discharges from the genitals.
  4. Leviticus 15:3 The words the law do not appear in the Hebrew text but are in the Greek Old Testament and agree with a pattern common throughout this section of Leviticus.
  5. Leviticus 15:3 The main Hebrew text is missing these words in half-brackets:⎣he is unclean. As long as his flesh has a discharge or his body blocks a discharge⎦. Ancient Hebrew and Greek versions support this addition to the text. The repetition of the term discharge seems to be the cause of the accidental omission from the Hebrew text, as the scribe’s eye skipped from one occurrence of discharge to the next.
  6. Leviticus 15:16 Literally a laying down of seed
  7. Leviticus 15:19 The Hebrew word translated menstrual impurity is a different word than the word commonly used for impurity or uncleanness throughout this section.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 05

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 05

Leviticus 13:47 – 14:32

Through My Bible – February 05

Leviticus 13:47 – 14:32 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Leviticus 13

Contamination of Clothing

47 When an outbreak of mold [1] occurs on any piece of clothing, on woolen or linen cloth, 48 on the warp or the woof [2] of linen or wool, on leather or anything made of leather, 49 and if the contamination [3] on the cloth or the leather, or in the warp or the woof, or on any article made of leather is bright yellow-green or bright red, it is an outbreak of mold. It shall be shown to the priest. 50 The priest shall examine the contaminated area and shall quarantine the contaminated article for seven days. 51 On the seventh day he shall examine the contaminated article. If the contamination has spread on the cloth, or in the warp or the woof, or on the leather, or on any article that is made of leather, the contamination is a persistent [4] mold. It is unclean. 52 He must burn the clothing and the warp or the woof, whether it is made of wool or of linen, or whether it is any article made of leather that has the contamination on it. Because it has a persistent mold, it must be burned in fire. 53 But if the priest examines it and discovers that the contamination has not spread on the clothing, or in the warp or the woof, or on any leather article, 54 the priest shall command that the material with the contamination on it is to be washed, and he shall quarantine it for seven days a second time. 55 Then after the contaminated material has been laundered, and the priest examines it, even if he discovers that the contamination has not changed its appearance and the contamination has not spread, it is unclean. You must burn it in fire, whether the rot is on its front or its back. 56 But if the priest examines it and discovers that the contamination has faded after it has been washed, he shall tear it out of the clothing or the leather or the warp or the woof. 57 If it reappears in the clothing or the warp or the woof or any leather article, it is a new outbreak. You must burn the material with the contamination on it with fire. 58 If, however, the contamination vanishes from the clothing, or the warp or the woof, or any leather article that you wash, it shall be washed a second time; then, it will be clean.

59 These are the laws about a contamination of mold in woolen or linen clothing, in the warp or the woof, or on any leather article, in order to determine whether it is clean or unclean.

Purification for People With a Skin Disease

Leviticus 14

The Lord spoke to Moses:

This is the law for the purification [5] of a person with an impure skin disease:

When it is reported to the priest, the priest shall go outside the camp. The priest shall examine him. If the area infected by the skin disease has become healthy, the priest shall command that two clean wild birds, some cedar wood, some scarlet yarn, and some hyssop be taken for the person who is being purified. The priest shall command that one bird be slaughtered in an earthen pot over water from a flowing source. [6] After taking the live bird, along with the cedar wood, the scarlet yarn, and the hyssop, he shall dip them, along with the live bird, into the blood of the bird that was slaughtered over the water from a flowing source. He shall sprinkle the blood seven times on the person who is being purified from the skin disease. When he has declared him clean, he shall release the live bird into the open country. The person who is being purified shall wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water; then, he will be clean. After that he may enter the camp, but he must stay outside his tent for seven days.

On the seventh day he shall shave off all his hair. He shall shave his head, his chin, his eyebrows, and all the rest of his hair. He shall wash his clothes and bathe in water; then, he will be clean.

10 On the eighth day he shall take two male lambs without blemish, one yearling ewe without blemish, six quarts [7] of fine flour for a grain offering mixed with olive oil, and one cup [8] of olive oil. 11 The priest who performs the purification shall make the person who is being purified stand in front of the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, together with the other objects. 12 The priest shall take one of the male lambs, bring it forward as a restitution offering, together with the cup of olive oil, and wave it as a wave offering before the Lord. 13 The lamb shall be slaughtered in the sanctuary, at the place where the sin offering and the burnt offering are slaughtered, because the restitution offering is like the sin offering. It belongs to the priest. It is most holy.

14 The priest shall take some of the blood of the restitution offering and put it on the right ear lobe of the person who is being purified, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 15 The priest shall take some of the olive oil from the cup and pour it into the palm of the priest’s left hand. 16 Then the priest shall dip his right finger into some of the olive oil that is in his left palm and sprinkle some of the olive oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. 17 Then the priest shall put some of the olive oil that remains in his palm on the right ear lobe of the person who is being purified, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on top of the blood of the restitution offering. 18 The priest shall put the rest of the olive oil that is in his palm on the head of the person who is being purified. Then the priest will make atonement for him before the Lord. 19 The priest shall present the sin offering to make atonement for the person being purified from his impurity.

After that, the burnt offering is to be slaughtered, 20 and the priest shall offer up the whole burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. In this way the priest shall make atonement for him so that he will be clean.

21 If, however, the unclean person is poor and he cannot afford all these items, he shall take one male lamb as a restitution offering to be waved to make atonement for him, two quarts [9] of fine flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, and one cup of olive oil, 22 as well as two turtledoves or two pigeons (whichever are within his means), one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering.

23 On the eighth day he shall bring them to the priest for his purification at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting in the presence of the Lord. 24 The priest shall take the lamb for the restitution offering and the cup of olive oil, and the priest shall wave them as a wave offering before the Lord. 25 After the lamb for the restitution offering has been slaughtered, the priest shall take some of the blood of the restitution offering and place it on the lobe of the right ear of the person who is being purified, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 26 After the priest has poured out some of the olive oil on the palm of the priest’s left hand, 27 the priest shall use his right finger to sprinkle some of the olive oil from his left palm before the Lord seven times. 28 The priest shall also put some of the olive oil from his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the person being purified, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot—on the same places as the blood of the restitution offering. 29 Then the priest shall put the rest of the olive oil that is in his palm on the head of the person who is being purified by making atonement for him before the Lord. 30 The priest shall then offer one of the turtledoves or pigeons that are within the person’s means— 31 whichever he can afford—one as a sin offering and the other as a whole burnt offering, together with the grain offering. This is how the priest shall make atonement before the Lord for the person being purified.

32 These are the laws for anyone who has an outbreak of skin disease on him and whose means are insufficient at the time of his purification.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 13:47 Or mildew. This is the same word translated leprosy or skin disease when it applies to the body.
  2. Leviticus 13:48 Warp and woof are the two directions of the threads in cloth. It is, however, not clear what the two Hebrew terms mean.
  3. Leviticus 13:49 People do not usually speak of things having an infection or a sickness, so here the translation uses contamination.
  4. Leviticus 13:51 Or malignant
  5. Leviticus 14:2 Or cleansing
  6. Leviticus 14:5 The source of the water is to be a flowing spring or stream, not a stagnant pool.
  7. Leviticus 14:10 Three tenths (of an ephah)
  8. Leviticus 14:10 One log is a bit less than a cup.
  9. Leviticus 14:21 One tenth (of an ephah)




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 04

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 04

Leviticus 12:1 – 13:46

Through My Bible – February 04

Leviticus 12:1 – 13:46 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Impurity From Childbirth

Leviticus 12

The Lord spoke to Moses and told him to tell the Israelites these things:

When a woman produces offspring [1] and gives birth to a male, she will become unclean for seven days just as she is unclean during the time of her monthly period. On the eighth day, the foreskin of his flesh [2] shall be circumcised. She will remain in the process of being purified from her flow of blood for thirty-three days. She shall not touch any holy thing nor enter the sanctuary until her period of purification is complete.

If she gives birth to a female, she will become unclean for two weeks as she does during her monthly period. She shall remain in the process of being purified from her flow of blood for sixty-six days.

At the completion of her time of purification for either a son or a daughter, she shall bring a lamb in its first year as a whole burnt offering and a pigeon or turtledove as a sin offering to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He shall present it before the Lord and make atonement for her, so that she may be clean from her flow of blood. This is the law for a woman who gives birth to a male or female.

If, however, she cannot afford a sheep or a goat, she may bring two turtledoves or two pigeons, one as a whole burnt offering and the other as a sin offering. The priest shall make atonement for her, so that she will be clean.

The Diagnosis of Impurity From Skin Diseases

Leviticus 13

The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron:

When a person has a discoloration or a scab or a shiny patch [3] on the skin of his body, [4] which may become an outbreak of an impure skin disease [5] on the skin of his body, he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons who are priests. The priest shall examine the infection on the skin of his body. If the hair on the infection has turned white and if the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of his body, it is an outbreak of an impure skin disease. After the priest has examined it, he shall declare it unclean. [6]

But if there is a white shiny patch on the skin of his body that does not appear to be any deeper than the skin and if its hair has not turned white, the priest shall quarantine the person with the infection for seven days. On the seventh day the priest shall examine him, and if, in his judgment, the infection has stayed the same and has not spread in the skin, the priest shall quarantine him for seven days a second time. On the seventh day the priest shall examine him a second time. If the infection has faded and has not spread in the skin, the priest shall declare it clean. It is only a scab. After he washes his clothes, he will be clean. But if the scab on his skin spreads after he has shown himself to the priest for his purification, he shall show himself to the priest once again. The priest shall examine him. If the scab has spread on the skin, the priest shall declare him unclean. It is an impure skin disease.

When a person has an outbreak of a skin disease, he shall be brought to the priest. 10 The priest shall examine him. If there is white discoloration in the skin that has turned the hair white, and there is a sore of raw flesh in the discoloration, 11 it is a persistent skin disease on his body. The priest shall declare him unclean. He shall not hold him in quarantine, because he is unclean.

12 But if the disease breaks out all over the skin, so that a diseased condition covers all the skin with the infection, from his head to his feet, as far as the priest can see, 13 then the priest shall examine him. If the condition covers the whole of his body, he shall declare the infected area clean, since the whole of it has turned white. He is clean. 14 But as soon as raw flesh reappears on him, he becomes unclean. 15 The priest shall examine the raw flesh and declare it unclean. The raw flesh is unclean. It is an impure skin disease. 16 If, however, the raw flesh once again turns white, he shall come to the priest again. 17 The priest shall examine it. If the infected area has turned white, the priest shall declare the infection clean. He is clean.

18 When someone’s body has a boil on the skin that has healed, 19 and a white discoloration or shiny, reddish-white patch develops on the site of the boil, he shall show himself to the priest. 20 The priest shall examine him. If the infection appears deeper than the skin and if its hair has turned white, the priest shall declare him unclean. It is an outbreak of an impure skin disease. It has broken out in the boil. 21 But if the priest examines it and finds that the hair in it is not white, and it is not deeper than the skin, but it has faded, the priest shall quarantine him for seven days. 22 If the outbreak spreads on the skin, the priest shall declare him unclean. It is an infection. 23 But if the shiny patch remains the same and it does not spread, it is the scar of a boil. The priest shall declare him clean.

24 When someone’s body has a burn on the skin, and the sore from the burn becomes a shiny, reddish-white or white patch, 25 the priest shall examine it. If the hair in the shiny patch has turned white and it appears to be deeper than the skin, it is an impure skin disease. It has broken out in the burn. The priest shall declare him unclean. It is an outbreak of an impure skin disease. 26 But if the priest examines it and finds that the hair in the shiny patch is not white or it is not deeper than the skin, but it has faded, the priest shall quarantine him for seven days. 27 On the seventh day the priest shall examine it. If it should spread on the skin, the priest shall declare him unclean. It is an outbreak of a skin disease. 28 But if the patch remains the same, without spreading on the skin, and if it has faded, it is the discoloration from a burn. The priest shall declare him clean, because it is the scar of a burn.

29 When a man or a woman has an outbreak on the head or on the chin, 30 the priest shall examine the outbreak. If it appears deeper than the skin and if the hair in it is yellow and thin, the priest shall declare the person unclean. It is a lesion. [7] It is an impure skin disease of the head or the chin. 31 If the priest examines the infected area of the sore and it appears no deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, the priest shall quarantine the person who has the outbreak of the sore for seven days. 32 On the seventh day the priest shall examine the infected area. If the lesion has not spread and there is no yellow hair in it and if the outbreak appears no deeper than the skin, 33 the man shall shave himself, without shaving the infected area. The priest shall quarantine the person with the lesion a second time for seven days. 34 On the seventh day the priest shall examine the lesion. If the lesion has not spread on the skin and it appears no deeper than the skin, the priest shall declare him clean. After he washes his clothes, he will be clean. 35 If, however, the lesion spreads on the skin after his purification, 36 the priest shall examine it. If the lesion has spread on the skin, the priest does not need to look for the yellow hair. The person is unclean. 37 But, if in the priest’s judgment the lesion has stayed the same and black hair has grown in it, the lesion is healed. That person is clean. The priest shall declare him clean.

38 When a man or a woman has many shiny white patches on the skin of his or her body, 39 the priest shall examine that person. If the patches on the skin of the body are a faded white, it is a rash that has broken out on the skin. That person is clean.

40 When a man loses hair from the top of his head, he is bald, but he is clean. 41 If he loses hair from his forehead, he has a receding hairline, but he is clean. 42 But if he has a reddish-white infection on his bald crown or on his bald forehead, it is an impure skin disease that has broken out on his bald head or on his bald forehead. 43 The priest shall examine it. If the discoloration of the infection is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead and it looks like the disease on the skin of the body, 44 he has an impure skin disease. He is unclean. The priest shall declare him completely unclean. It is an infection on his head.

45 The person with the skin disease who has an infection on him must wear torn clothes and let his hair be disheveled. He must cover his upper lip and cry out, “Unclean! Unclean!” 46 For as long as the infection is on him he shall remain unclean. He is unclean. He must live alone in a place outside the camp.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 12:2 Literally produces seed. The term might mean becomes pregnant.
  2. Leviticus 12:3 Literally the flesh of his foreskin. Flesh serves as a euphemism for penis. Many English translations simply omit the reference to flesh.
  3. Leviticus 13:2 The identification of some of the symptoms throughout this section is uncertain.
  4. Leviticus 13:2 Literally skin of his flesh. Flesh here seems to cover the whole body except for the head, which has special rules (verse 29).
  5. Leviticus 13:2 Traditionally leprosy, but the Hebrew term has wider application than to that specific disease. Though some translations add the adjectives scaly or infectious, these terms are not accurate for all cases. There is also no indication that contagion is the main issue. Impure skin disease seems generic enough to cover all cases.
  6. Leviticus 13:3 In this context purity and impurity, cleanness and uncleanness refer to ceremonial purity, not to hygiene or morality.
  7. Leviticus 13:30 The precise meaning of this Hebrew term is uncertain. It may be any sort of sore spot. Leviticus contains many technical terms that are challenging to translate.




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 03

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 03

Leviticus 11

Through My Bible – February 03

Leviticus 11 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Instructions About Clean and Unclean Meat

1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and told them to tell the Israelites these things.

These are the animals that you may eat:

Of all the mammals on land, you may eat any that have hoofs with splits in the hoofs and that rechew their food. [1] But you are not to eat the following, which only rechew their food or only have hoofs: The camel, although it rechews its food, has no hoofs. It is unclean for you. Do not eat the rock badger, for although it rechews its food, it has no hoofs. It is unclean for you. Do not eat the hare, for although it rechews its food, it has no hoofs. It is unclean for you. Do not eat the pig, for although it has hoofs with splits in the hoofs, it does not rechew its food. It is unclean to you. You shall not eat any of their meat or touch their carcasses. They are unclean for you. [2]

These are the creatures that you may eat from all those that live in water: You may eat anything from the water that has fins and scales, whether from the seas or the streams. 10 But everything else in the seas or in the streams that does not have fins and scales, every swarming creature in the water and every other living creature in the water, is detestable to you 11 and shall remain detestable to you. You shall not eat any of their meat, and you shall detest their carcasses. 12 Every creature in the water that does not have fins or scales is detestable to you.

13 You shall detest the following among the birds. They shall not be eaten. These are detestable: the eagle, the black vulture, the bearded vulture, 14 the red kite and black kites of every kind, 15 ravens and crows of every kind, 16 the eagle owl, the short-eared owl, the long-eared owl, all species of hawks, 17 the tawny owl, the fisher owl, the screech owl, 18 the white owl, and the scops owl, the osprey, 19 the stork and all species of herons, the hoopoe, and the bat. [3]

20 All winged swarming insects that walk on all fours [4] are detestable for you. 21 But among all the winged swarming insects that walk on all fours you may eat those that have jointed legs above their feet, with which they leap off the ground. 22 Of them you may eat the following: all species of locusts, all species of bald locusts, all species of crickets, and all species of grasshoppers. 23 But all other winged swarming insects that have four feet are detestable for you.

24 By any of the following you will make yourselves unclean (anyone who touches their carcasses will remain unclean until sunset, [5] 25 and anyone who picks up any part of their carcasses shall wash his clothes and remain unclean until sunset):

26 All animals that have hoofs without splits between the hoofs or that do not rechew their food are unclean for you. Anyone who touches them will become unclean.

27 All animals that walk on their paws and go on all fours are unclean for you. Anyone who touches their carcasses will remain unclean until sunset, 28 and whoever picks up their carcasses shall wash his clothes and remain unclean until sunset. They are unclean for you.

29 These are the most unclean for you of the creatures that swarm on the ground: the rat, the mouse, and all species of large lizards, 30 the gecko, the spotted lizard, the lizard, the skink, and the chameleon. [6] 31 These are the most unclean for you of the creatures that swarm. Whoever touches any of these when they are dead will remain unclean until sunset.

Transferred Uncleanness

32 Any article made of wood or fabric or leather or sackcloth on which any of these fall when they are dead will become unclean. Any article that may be used for any task is to be put in water and remain unclean until sunset. Then it will be clean. 33 You must smash any clay pot into which any of them falls. Everything in it will become unclean. 34 If any water from the pot touches any food that may be eaten, the food will become unclean, and if any drink that may be drunk is in any clay pot which the unclean thing touches, it will become unclean. 35 Anything else on which the carcass of any of them falls will become unclean. An oven or stove must be broken up. They are unclean and will remain unclean for you. 36 But a spring or a cistern with a reservoir of water will remain clean, even though anyone who touches the carcass will become unclean. 37 If the carcass of any of them falls upon any seed grain that is about to be sown, the seed is clean, 38 but if water has been added to the seed and the carcass of any of them falls on it, it will become unclean for you.

39 If an animal that you may eat has died, anyone who touches its carcass will remain unclean until sunset. 40 Anyone who eats any part of its carcass must wash his clothes and remain unclean until sunset. Anyone who carries its carcass shall wash his clothes and remain unclean until sunset. 41 Any swarming creature that swarms on the ground is detestable; it must not be eaten. 42 You shall not eat any swarming creature that swarms on the ground, anything that goes on its belly, and anything that goes on all fours, or anything that has many legs, because these creatures are detestable. 43 You shall not make yourself detestable [7] with any creature that swarms, nor shall you make yourself unclean with them, so that you become unclean by them, 44 for I am the Lord your God. Set yourselves apart, therefore, so that you may be holy, for I am holy. You shall not make yourself unclean with any swarming creature that crawls on the ground, 45 for I am the Lord, who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God. You therefore shall be holy, for I am holy.

46 This is the law concerning land animals, flying creatures, all living things that move in the water, and all living things that swarm on the ground, 47 so that you can distinguish between what is unclean and what is clean, as well as between animals that may be eaten and animals that may not be eaten.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 11:3 Or bring up the cud. The Hebrew term refers to animals that rechew their food a second time after swallowing it and then regurgitating it or excreting it. This list is not limited to true ruminants.
  2. Leviticus 11:8 Clean and unclean refer to ceremonial purity, not to hygiene.
  3. Leviticus 11:19 The precise identity of some of the birds is uncertain. The list is really a list of creatures that fly since it includes the bat.
  4. Leviticus 11:20 The meaning is that they walk or crawl rather than hop. The issue is not the number of legs but the manner of locomotion.
  5. Leviticus 11:24 Or evening
  6. Leviticus 11:30 The identity of some of these species is uncertain.
  7. Leviticus 11:43 Or defile your throat




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.



Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 02

Through My Bible Yr 01 – February 02

Leviticus 9 – 10

Through My Bible – February 02

Leviticus 9 – 10 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

The Inauguration of the Sacrifices

Leviticus 9

On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel. He said to Aaron, “Take a bull calf from the herd for a sin offering and a ram for a whole burnt offering, both without blemish, and present them before the Lord. Then speak to the Israelites and say, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering. Also take a calf and a lamb, both a year old and without blemish, for a burnt offering. As a fellowship offering take one of the cattle [1] and a ram to be sacrificed before the Lord, and take a grain offering mixed with oil, for today the Lord will appear to you.’”

They took what Moses had commanded to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting. Then the whole congregation approached and stood before the Lord. Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded you to do, so that the Glory of the Lord may appear to you.” Then Moses said to Aaron, “Approach the altar and present your sin offering and your burnt offering. Make atonement for yourself and for the people. Then present the offering for the people. Make atonement for them, just as the Lord has commanded.”

Aaron approached the altar and slaughtered the calf as a sin offering for himself. Then Aaron’s sons presented the blood to him. After he had dipped his finger in the blood, he put it on the horns of the altar, and he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. 10 Then he turned the fat, the kidneys, and the protruding lobe of the liver from the sin offering into smoke upon the altar, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 11 But the meat and the hide were burned with fire outside the camp.

12 After he slaughtered the burnt offering, Aaron’s sons brought the blood to him, and he splashed it against all sides of the altar. 13 They brought the whole burnt offering to him, piece by piece, including the head, and he turned them into smoke on the altar. 14 He washed the inner organs and the legs and turned them into smoke on top of the whole burnt offering that was on the altar.

15 Then he presented the offering for the people. He took the male goat for the sin offering for the people, slaughtered it, and made a sin offering with it as he had done with the first one for himself. 16 He then presented the whole burnt offering and carried out the offering according to the regulations. 17 Next he presented the grain offering. Taking a handful of it, he sent it up in smoke on the altar, in addition to the morning burnt offering. 18 When he had slaughtered the offering of one of the cattle and of the ram as the people’s sacrifice for fellowship offerings, Aaron’s sons brought the blood to him, which he splashed against all sides of the altar, 19 and the fat pieces from the offering of the ox and the ram—the broad tail, the layer of fat, the kidneys, and the protruding lobe of the liver. 20 They laid the fat pieces on the breasts, and he turned the fat pieces into smoke on the altar.

21 Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh as a wave offering before the Lord, just as Moses had commanded. 22 Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them. After he had presented the sin offering, the whole burnt offering, and the fellowship offerings, he came down from the altar. 23 Then Moses and Aaron entered the Tent of Meeting. When they came out, they blessed the people, and the Glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. 24 Fire came out from the presence of the Lord and consumed the burnt offering and the fat pieces on the altar. When all the people saw it, they shouted for joy and fell on their faces.

The Penalty for Nadab’s and Abihu’s Disobedience

Leviticus 10

Now Aaron’s sons Nadab and Abihu each took his incense pan, put coals on it, and laid incense on it, and they presented unauthorized fire in the Lord’s presence, which was not according to his command. Then fire came out from the Lord’s presence and consumed them. This is how they died in the Lord’s presence.

Moses said to Aaron, “This is what the Lord said: ‘I must be treated as holy by those who are near me. I will be glorified in the sight of all the people.’” But Aaron remained silent.

Then Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel, Aaron’s uncle, and said to them, “Come forward and carry your cousins [2] outside the camp, away from the sanctuary.” They came forward and carried them outside the camp by their tunics, just as Moses had ordered.

Then Moses said to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons: “Do not dishevel your hair and do not tear your garments, so that you will not die, and so that wrath does not come down on the whole congregation. But your relatives, [3] all the household of Israel, may weep because of the blazing fire that the Lord has ignited. You must not go outside the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, or you will die, because the anointing oil of the Lord is upon you.” So they did as Moses had ordered.

The Lord spoke to Aaron: “When you enter the Tent of Meeting, you and your sons shall not drink any wine or beer, [4] so that you will not die. This is a permanent regulation throughout your generations. 10 You must distinguish between what is holy and what is common, what is unclean and what is clean, 11 and you must teach the Israelites all the statutes that the Lord has spoken to them through Moses.”

12 Moses spoke to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s remaining sons: “Take the grain offerings that are left over from the offerings for the Lord made by fire, [5] and eat them as unleavened bread beside the altar, for they are most holy. 13 You shall eat them in a holy place, because they are your allotment and the allotment for your sons from offerings for the Lord made by fire, for that is what I have been commanded. 14 But you and your sons, and your daughters as well, may eat the breast that is waved and the thigh that is elevated in any clean place, for they have been assigned as something due to you and to your children as your allotment from the sacrifices of the fellowship offerings of the Israelites. 15 In addition to the offerings made by fire from the fat pieces, they are to bring the thigh that is elevated and the breast that is waved in order to wave them as a wave offering before the Lord. They shall be a permanent allotment for you and for your children with you, just as the Lord has commanded.”

16 When Moses inquired about the goat of the sin offering, he discovered that it had already been burned. He was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s remaining sons, and said, 17 “Why didn’t you eat the sin offering in the proper place in the sanctuary? It is certainly most holy since the Lord has given it to you for bearing the guilt of the community by making atonement for them in the Lord’s presence. 18 Since its blood was not brought into the inner part of the sanctuary, you definitely should have eaten it in the sanctuary, just as I commanded.”

19 Aaron replied to Moses, “Even though they presented their sin offering and whole burnt offering in the Lord’s presence today, such things have happened to me! Would the Lord have approved if I had eaten the sin offering today?”

20 When Moses heard this, he approved.

Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 9:4 The term can refer to cattle of either sex.
  2. Leviticus 10:4 Literally brothers
  3. Leviticus 10:6 Literally brothers
  4. Leviticus 10:9 Beer refers to any grain-based alcoholic beverage.
  5. Leviticus 10:12 Or food offerings




The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.