Through My Bible Yr 03 – November 14

Exodus 21:33 – 23:19

Through My Bible – November 14

Exodus 21:33 – 23:19 (EHV)

See series: Through My Bible

Exodus 21

33 If a man uncovers a cistern, [1] or if a man digs a cistern and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the owner of the cistern shall pay for the loss in full. He shall give money to the owner of the animal, and the dead animal shall be his.

35 If one man’s ox injures his neighbor’s ox, so that it dies, they shall sell the live ox and divide the money they got for it, and they shall also divide the dead animal. 36 But if it was known that the ox was in the habit of goring in the past, and its owner has not kept it confined, he must pay ox for ox, and the dead animal will be his.

Laws About Property

Exodus 22

If a man steals an ox or a sheep and butchers it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. [2]

If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, the one who kills him shall not be guilty of bloodshed. But if this takes place after sunrise, the one who kills him shall be guilty of bloodshed.

A thief shall make restitution. If he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. If the stolen animal found in his possession is alive, whether it is an ox, donkey, or sheep, he shall repay double.

If a man is grazing livestock in a field or a vineyard, and he lets his animals run loose and they graze in another man’s field, ⎣he shall make restitution from his own field on the basis of the produce that was eaten, [3] but if they have grazed over the whole field,⎦ he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and from the best of his own vineyard. [4]

If a fire gets out of control and spreads through the thorn bushes so that someone else’s shocks of grain, standing grain, or grain field are consumed, the one who lit the fire must certainly make restitution.

If a man entrusts money or other items to his neighbor for safekeeping, and they are stolen out of that man’s house, if the thief is found, he shall repay double. If the thief is not found, then the owner of the house shall appear before the judges [5] to find out whether he has laid his hands on his neighbor’s goods. In every such offense, whether it involves an ox, a donkey, a sheep, clothing, or any other kind of lost property about which someone claims, “This is mine,” the claims of both parties shall be presented before the judges. Whichever party the judges find guilty shall repay double to his neighbor.

10 If a man entrusts a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to his neighbor for safekeeping, and it dies or is injured or is driven off, and no one sees what happened, 11 to settle the matter between them, the man who received the property must make an oath to the Lord that he has not laid his hands on his neighbor’s goods. Its owner must accept the oath, and the man who received the property shall not be required to make restitution. 12 But if, in fact, it was stolen while in his custody, he shall make restitution to its owner. 13 If it was torn in pieces by animals, let him bring it for evidence. He is not required to make good that which was torn.

14 If a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, the borrower must certainly make restitution. 15 If its owner is with it, the borrower will not be required to make restitution. If it was rented, the rent covers the loss.

Laws About Morals in Society

16 If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged in marriage and lies down with her, he must pay a bride price for her to be his wife. 17 If her father flatly refuses to give her to him, the offender still must weigh out silver equivalent to the bride price for virgins.

18 You shall not allow a sorceress [6] to live.

19 Whoever lies down with an animal shall certainly be put to death.

20 Whoever sacrifices to any god, except to the Lord alone, shall be devoted to destruction.

21 You shall not wrong a resident alien or oppress him, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt.

22 You shall not take advantage of any widow or fatherless child. 23 If you take advantage of them in any way, and they make even the faintest cry to me, I will surely hear their cry, 24 and my anger will burn, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives will be widows, and your children fatherless.

25 If you lend money to anyone among my people who is poor, you must not act like a moneylender. You must not charge him interest. 26 If you take your neighbor’s outer garment as collateral, you must restore it to him before the sun goes down, 27 for his garment is the only cover he has for his skin. What would he sleep in? Be assured that when he cries to me, I will hear, for I am gracious.

28 You shall not malign the judges, [7] nor curse a ruler of your people.

29 You shall not delay bringing offerings from your abundant harvest and from your overflowing wine vats.

You shall present the firstborn of your sons to me. 30 You shall do the same with your cattle and with your sheep. For seven days a newborn animal shall be with its mother. Then on the eighth day you shall present it to me.

31 You are to be men set apart as holy for me. So you shall not eat any flesh that is torn by wild animals. You shall cast it to the dogs.

Exodus 23

You shall not spread a false report. Do not join hands with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

You shall not follow a crowd to do evil. Do not go along with the crowd by testifying in court to pervert justice.

You shall not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.

If you come upon your enemy’s ox or his donkey going astray, you certainly must bring it back to him again. If you see that the donkey of someone who hates you has fallen down under its load, do not pass him by. You certainly must help him with it.

You shall not deny justice to the poor people among you in their lawsuits.

Keep your distance from a false charge. Do not put those who are innocent and those who are righteous to death, for I will not acquit [8] the wicked.

You shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who have sight and distorts the words of the righteous.

You shall not oppress a resident alien, for you know how it feels to be an alien, because you were aliens in the land of Egypt.

Laws About Sabbaths

10 For six years you shall sow your land and gather in its produce, 11 but during the seventh year you are to let it rest and lie fallow, so that the needy among your people may eat, and the animals in the fields can eat what they leave. You are to deal with your vineyard and with your olive grove in the same way.

12 Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest, so that your ox and your donkey will have rest, and so that the son of your female servant and the resident alien will be refreshed.

13 Be careful to do all the things that I have said to you. Do not mention the name of other gods. Do not let their names come out of your mouth.

Laws About Festivals

14 Three times a year you shall observe pilgrimage festivals for me:

15 You shall observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread. [9] For seven days you shall eat bread without yeast, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of Abib (for during that month you came out from Egypt). No one is to appear before me empty-handed.

16 Next observe the Festival of Reaping [10] by presenting the first ripe produce of your labors, which you sow in the field.

Finally, observe the Festival of Ingathering, [11] at the end of the year, when you pick the fruits of your labors from the fields. 17 Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord God.

18 You shall not offer any bread made with yeast together with the blood of my sacrifices. None of the fat from my festival shall remain until morning. 19 The very first produce from your soil you shall bring into the house of the Lord your God.

You shall not boil a baby goat in its mother’s milk.


  1. Exodus 21:33 Or pit
  2. Exodus 22:1 In chapter 22, English verse 1 is equal to Hebrew verse 21:37. English verses 2-31 are equal to Hebrew verses 1-30.
  3. Exodus 22:5 This seems to mean that if only part of the other field was eaten, the quality of the crops that remained in that field would be used to determine the quality of the repayment, but if the whole field was eaten, the guilty party had to repay the loss with the best of his own field.
  4. Exodus 22:5 The words in half-brackets are not in the Hebrew text but are in the Greek Old Testament. An omission from the Hebrew text may have occurred as the Hebrew copyist’s eye skipped from one occurrence of field to another.
  5. Exodus 22:8 Or before God. The Hebrew word is elohim, which usually means God.
  6. Exodus 22:18 Or witch
  7. Exodus 22:28 Or blaspheme God. The Hebrew word is elohim, which usually means God, but see John 10:35.
  8. Exodus 23:7 Or justify
  9. Exodus 23:15 Also called Passover, referring to the events of its first day. This festival took place in early spring at the beginning of the grain harvest.
  10. Exodus 23:16 Also called Pentecost or the Festival of Weeks. This took place in late spring at the end of the grain harvest.
  11. Exodus 23:16 Also called the Festival of Shelters or Tabernacles. This took place in autumn, when the fruit was picked.

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.