Do penitent, believing Christians get judged right after they die as God takes them to heaven instead of on Judgment Day?
Hebrews 9:27 teaches that there is judgment at the moment of death for all people—Christians and unbelievers. That judgment provides entrance into heaven for the souls of believers, while the souls of unbelievers are condemned to hell.
On the Last Day, there will be judgment of those who are alive on the earth. There will also be public proclamation of the judgments that took place when people died (Matthew 25:31-46).